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Illudien

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There are two languages with the name Illudien: Old Illudien (Illúdina Ancoia) and New Illudien (Illudien Nuif). This article pertains to Old Illudien

SettingEdit

Internal HistoryEdit

Illúdina Ancoia was a language spoken primarily in the southwest of the continent Druisla. It is descended from the Solian Language, which in turn is derived from Proto-Druislan. It was originally spoken in the city of Colour (Larulaqui or "Western Star). Other languages descended from Solian include Andrastan, Erethian, and Nodrethen. Illúdina eventually pushed these languages out of existence.
For a period of between five hundred and one thousand years, the language was spoken more or less as presented here. As the Illudien landholdings grew in size, however, the language began to change under the influence of southern languages. It morphed slowly into Illudien Nuif, the heyday of which is between 1400 and 1500 AD.

External HistoryEdit

This language began with the sole influence of Romance Languages, primarily Latin and Spanish, but eventually expanded and became a more independent language. While the romance influence in grammar and to some extent vocabulary is still present; Celtic and Germanic languages also play a role.

PhonologyEdit

a-- "a" in father

b-- as in English

c-- before "a, o, u, y" or a consonant, "c" in castle. Before "e", or "i", "c" in cent

d-- as in English

e-- when accented or with a diaeresis, "a" in ate, but without final "y" sound. Otherwise, "e" in pet. When found at the end of a word following a double consonant, pronounced as "e" in the french danse.

f-- as in English

g-- before "a, o, u, y" or a consonant, "g" in go. Before "e", or "i", "g" in gentle

h-- not pronounced

i-- "ee" in feet

l-- as in the Romance languages, not as guttural as English

lh-- "th" in thin

m-- as in English

n-- as in English

o-- "o" in hope

p-- as in English, but unaspirated.

q-- as in English

r-- a light tap, like in the Romance languages

s-- when between vowels or before a voiced consonant, "s" as in lose. Before an unvoiced consonant or initially or finally, "s" in sister

ss-- always "ss" as in loss

t-- as in English, but unaspirated

u-- "oo" in food but without final lip rounding

v-- as in English

y-- a consonant as in English. As a vowel, "i" in pit

DiphthongsEdit

All diphthongs are fairly self explanatory as they retain the sound of the vowels they incorporate.

RisingEdit

ia, ie, io, iu

ua, ue, ui, uo

FallingEdit

ae (like English hate), ai, au

ei, eu

oe (like ae), oi, ou

when oe or oi follow c or g, the o is not pronounced

Basic GrammarEdit

The NounEdit

Illudien nouns are highly inflected. There are four declensions with five cases each: nominative, accusative, genetive, dative, and ablative.

I DeclensionEdit

First declension nouns are all masculine and end in e, r, l

ex. aviune, grandfather

Singular

nom. aviune

acc. aviunen

gen. aviunet

dat. aviunes

abl. aviunes

Plural

nom. aviunen

acc. aviunemen

gen. aviunen (arch. aviuneden)

dat. aviunen

abl. aviunen

Single syllable nouns ending in "r" or "l" take the case endings by adding them directly to the end of the word with the doubling of the final consonant. (ie. pel, pellen, pellet). However, in multisyllable words ending in "r" or "l", the final syllable disappears and the final letter merges with the stem. (ie. papiel, paplen, paplet)


II DeclensionEdit

Second declension nouns end in o, s, d, n, or silent e. They are also all masculine

ex. nico, lion

Singular

nom. nico

acc. nicon

gen. nicoio

dat. nicos

abl. nicos

Plural

nom. nicoe

acc. nicomen

gen. nicoie

dat. nicoe

abl. nicoe

Multisyllable words ending in d go about the same morphing as in First declension nouns. (ie. calered, calerdon, calerdio)

III DeclensionEdit

Third declension nouns end in a and are all feminine.

ex. andra, light

Singular

nom. andra

acc. andras

gen. andria

dat. andre

abl. andre

Plural

nom. andrae

acc. andrassae

gen. andriae

dat. andrae

abl. andrae

IV DeclensionEdit

Fourth declension nouns end in e, i, s, or silent e.

ex. voque, voice

Singular

nom. voque

acc. voquis

gen. voquiel

dat. voqui

abl. voqui

Plural

nom. voques

acc. voquissae

gen. voquies

dat. voques

abl. voques

The AdjectiveEdit

Adjectives must match the noun they modify in number, case, and gender. There are two similar declensions: one for the masculine form, another for the feminine.

masculine corde, red

Singular

nom. corde

acc. cordes

gen. cordio

dat. cordi

abl. cordi

Plural

nom. cordes

acc. corden

gen. cordie

dat. cordes

abl. cordes

feminine corda, red

Singular

nom. corda

acc. cordas

gen. cordia

dat. corde

abl. corde

Plural

nom. cordae

acc. cordae

gen. cordiae

dat. cordes

abl. cordes

DictionaryEdit

...

NumeralsEdit

1 oen

2 nae

3 trae

4 care

5 quia

6 tes

7 siel

8 cas

9 non

10 dessae

11 ondë

12 nedë

13 trestë

14 cardë

15 quildë

16 testë

17 seldë

18 castë

19 endë

20 vientë

30 trientë

40 carentë

50 quientë

60 tessentë

70 seldentë

80 cassentë

90 enontë

100 centa


Example textEdit

Lainyë caede tieressia aest qua díe tenuen ha donát.

Language is the most precious thing that God has given mankind.

Si hyë poavlen nen ti luquen amis mea, tos niehis pe i nuqua senied queren tea.

If these words do not show my love to you, then nothing can and I shall never have your heart.

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