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Isgalino

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PronunciationEdit

IPA vowelsEdit

[a] - a (like in the word and.)

[ε] - e (like in the word end.)

[i:] - i (like in the word feed.)

[o] - o (like in the word pod.)

[o:] - o (Only at the end of a word but like in no'')

[u:] - u (like in the word food.)


Accents are used on vowels to denote stress. It is used in the suffix és to help further indicate the noun is female.


Consonants with IPAEdit

  • c - [k] and [s]
  • d - [d]
  • f - [f]
  • g - [g] and [ʤ]
  • h - [h]
  • j - [ʤ] and [ʒ]
  • k - [k]
  • l - [l]
  • m - [m]
  • n - [n]
  • p - [p]
  • r - [ɹ]
  • s - [s]
  • t - [t]
  • v - [v]
  • x - [ks]
  • y - [j]
  • ç - [ç]


  • c when followed by i or e is pronounced like [s]. Elsewhere it is pronounced like [k].
  • g when followed by i or e is pronounced like [ʤ]. Elsewhere it is pronounced like [g]. The combination gh is used when the [g] sound is before i or e.
  • j when followed by i or e is pronounced like [ʒ]. Elsewhere it is pronounced like [ʤ].

DiphthongsEdit

ei - [ei] (like in the word day.)

ai - [ai] (like in the word my.)

oi - [oi] (like in the word boy.)

  • hu - [w]
  • gu - [gw]
  • cu - [kw]
  • dh - [ð] (like in the word the.)
  • th - [θ] (like in the word think.)
  • when followed by vowels

Pronouns & possessive pronounsEdit

I- Mi
He- Li
She- Shi
It- Si
They- Ti
We- Ni
You- Dhi
You all/lot- Dhis



My- Ma
Your- Dha
His- La
Her- Sha
Our- Na
You lot's- Dhisa
Their- Ta
Its- Sa



Myself - Mastan
Yourself - Dhastan
Himself - Lastan
Herself - Shastan
Ourself - Nastan
Yourselves - Dhisastan
Themselves - Tastan
Itself - Sastan
(the stan translates as being.)



Connectives

that, than, which - dhei
Those, them - dheis
This, these - dhe, dhes
Who - kei
What - kei
When - huen
Where - huer
Why - poc
Because - podh
But - Sed
If - si
not - no



Verbs

To be - Sta
To have - Tena
To do - Assa
To be able to - Possa
To say - Disa
To go - Ira
To see - Serva
To give - Dhina
To know - Siensa or 'sa (abbreviation)
To want - Vola
To love - Ama
To arrive - Ariva
To pass - Pasa
To ought to - Deba
To put - Pona
To seem - Sima
To stay - Rimana
To believe - Creia
To speak - Pala
To take or carry - Toma
To let - Permita
To follow - Sega
To find - Finda
To call - Noma
To wear - Huera
To write - Scriba
To dance - Dansa
To think - Pensa
To wash - Lava
To start - Comensa
To read - Lera
To play - Jeoia
To rise - Asenda
To fall - Desasenda
To create - Creiára
To destroy - Descreiára
To like - Gusta
To earn - Gana
To laugh - Rida
To sing - Chanta
To live - Viva








Basic verb tensesEdit
Present - remains with a (Pala - speak)
Infinitive - remains with a (Pala - speak)
Past - a d is added to the end of the verb. (Palad - spoke)
Future - sa is placed before the verb. (sa pala - will speak)
Conditional - sau is placed before the verb. (sau pala - would speak)
Progressive - an n is added to the end of the verb. (Palan - speaking)


Prepositions

To - A
Infront of, before - Ante
Around - Sircom
Against - Contra
Toward - Erga
Inside - In
Outside - Noín
Below - Infra
Between, among - Inter
Within - Intra
Near - Prope
Through - Per
Behind, after - Post
Over - Super
Under - Nosuper
Beyond - Ultra
With - Com
Without - Nocom


AdjectivesEdit
(Adjectives always end in e, gender or pluralization does not affect this.)
Good - Bene (Bad - nobene.)
Big - Grande (Small - nogrande.)
Intelligent - Inteligente (Stupid - noínteligente.)
Brave - Brave (Cowardly - nobrave.)
Happy - Felise (Sad - nofelise.)
Interesting - Interese (Boring - noínterese.)
Normal - Normale - (Unusual - nonormale.)
Spanish - Ispane


Noun modificationsEdit
(Nouns which are male end in o or any consonant. Nouns which are female end in és. Nouns in which the object is either male and female or lack a gender end in i. To pluralize these nouns, this rule is applied; the plural of nouns which end in a vowel is the letter s. Plurals of nouns which end in consonants are es.)



Geli - ice, geli + gi - thing = ice cream (Ice thing.)
Ghitari - guitar, ghitari + omo - man = guitarist (Guitar man.)
Ghitari - guitar, ghitari + omés - woman = female guitarist (Guitar woman.)
Lusi - light, lusi + si - producer/maker = light bulb (Light producer.)
Domi - house, domi + ti - little = Hut (As a pose to; domi nogrande - small house)
Ispani - Spain, Ispani + ni - language = Spanish (Spanish language.)
Compra - to buy, compra + lughi - place = Market (Buying place.)

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