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Ishkari

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Ishkari
Ḥitwa Ishé
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Strong Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
No
Genders
-
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Ishkari (nat. itwa Íshé or Khitwa Ishei [ħɪtwa i:ʃe:], lit. city speech) is the standard language of the Qoharic people of the Dar Hajé River Basin, nat. the Qahríz Naḥwa. It is the native language of about 3,000,000 Qohars, and is the official language of the city-state of Ishkar located on the mouth of the Dar Hajé River.

Classification and DialectsEdit

A direct descendant of Classical Qoharic, Ishkari retains its predominantly suffixing agglutinative identity while constantly being influenced by the speech of merchants, travellers and pilgrims who visit Ishkar. It is, however, considered the standard of the East Qoharic family Dar Hajé River Basin dialects, with the variants spoken by the Seven Tribes and the upper class as pure, and those of the Upriver Dwellers and the poor as rustic, corrupted or in poor taste.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive b t d k g ɢ ʔ
Fricative φ β θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ɣ ħ h
Affricate t͡ʃ d͡ʒ
Approximant l j w
Trill r
  • All consonants save for the alveolar trill can occur as geminates, but only between two vowels.

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close i u
Mid e ə o
Open a ɑ

OrthographyEdit

Most phonemes are written the same as their IPA symbol. The ones that do not are listed in the table below. If a phoneme written as a digraph is to be geminated, only the first element of the digraph is doubled. The phoneme /ɢ/ only occurs as a syllable-final version of /q/, /e/ only occurs at the beginning or end of a word, and /ɑ/ only occurs after /q/.

Phoneme Grapheme
ɢ Q q
ʔ '
φ F f
β V v
θ Ṭ ṭ / Th th
ð Ḍ ḍ / Dh dh
ʃ Ṣ ṣ / Sh sh
ʒ Ẓ ẓ / Zh zh
ɣ Ġ ġ / Gh gh
ħ Ḥ ḥ / Kh kh
t͡ʃ Ç ç / Ch ch
d͡ʒ C c / J j
j J j / Y y
ɑ A a
ə E e

PhonotacticsEdit

Ishkari follows a (C)(r)V(ḥ, h)(C) syllable structure.

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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