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Ishyndic

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Ishyndic
Inɩyk
Type Fusional
Alignment Tripartite
Head direction Initial
Tonal Yes
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders Natural (Animate plus plants and naturally forming things) and Inanimate
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator Auahi

Ishyndic is a germanic language which started to isolate itself around the 11th century; this isolation has caused Ishyndic to boast many different grammatical features usually not found in other germanic languages.

ClassificationEdit

Ishyndic is primarily spoken on the Shylia Islands, an archipelago 300Km off the shore of Iceland.

PhonologyEdit

Consonants

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Alveolo-palatal Palatal Velar

Labio-velar

Glottal
Nasal m̥ m n̥   n

Plosive

p   b t̪   d̪ k   ɡ
Sibilant Africative ɕ
Silibant Fricative s̪  z

Non-silibant Fricative

ɸ f   v θ ç h
Approximant j w
Trill r̥   r
Lateral Fricative ɬ̺
Lateral Approximant l̥ l

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Back
Close i u  
Close-mid

ɘ   ɵ

Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ
Open ä ɑ

PhonotacticsEdit

  • All final consonants must be devoiced according to their counterparts.
  • The only tonal part of Ishendic is "Ŷ" which is an upstep.

Writing SystemEdit

AlphabetEdit

Letter A Á Ä B D E F Ff W
Sound /ä/ /äː/ /ɑː/ /b/ /p/ /d̪/ /t̻͡s̪/ /ɛ/ /f/ /fː/ /v/ /ɸː/
Letter G H I J K L M N
Sound /w/ /g/ /k/ /h/ /i/ /j/ /k/ /kʰ/ /l/ /l̥/ /m/ /m̥ː/ /n/ /n̥/
Letter Nn O Ó Ö Ő P R Rr S
Sound /nː/ /n̥ː/ /o̞/ /o̞ː/ /o̞w/ /o̞ːw/ /p/ /r/ /r̥/ /rː/ /r̥ː/ /s̪/
Letter Ss Ɩ T Þ Ú Ù  Ů Y
Sound /s̪ː/ /ɬ̺/ /t̪/ /θ/ /u/     /uː/ /ɵ/ /ɤˑ/ /ɪ/
Letter  Ý Ŷ X Z
Sound /ɪː/ /ʏ/ /ꜛɪ/    /ç/ /ɕ/ /z/ /s̪/

Diagraphs & TrigraphsEdit

Grapheme Sound
dd
  • The second phoneme occurs when a letter ends a word, or follows a devoiced consonant.
    • Example: "Gúd" is /guːt̻͡s̪/
  • The "H" is only pronounced when not in consonant strings.

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Ishyndic has a natural grammatical system, with two genders; Natural and Inanimate.

Natural Inanimate

Animals

Plants

Rocks

Earth

Books

Buildings

Concepts

Professions

There are some exceptions to this rule, for exapmple, although concepts and philosophies are inatimate, dreams and other animalistic traitments are considered natural. People can also deem objects of significance to them to be Natural.

All nouns must decline to one of six cases, gender, and number.

Case

Singular

Plural

Gender Natural Inainmate Natural Inanimate
Nominative no change -uss
Adverbial -rrh -se -rrú -ŷs
Accusative hn- -nn
Dative -um -ju -hwu -þo
Genetive -a -ap hnoþ- ze-
Comitative -hlaj -loj -k -t

PronounsEdit

Type Pronoun
First Person Singular E
Second Person Singular Þu

Third Person Singular Natural

Ha
Third Person Singular Inatimate Y
First Person Plural Exclusive Wi
First Person Plural Inclusive Ẅym
Second Person Plural
Third Personal Plural Natural Þei
Third Personal Plural Inanimate Ded
Third Personal Plural Natural + Animate Hred
Unspecified Ő

Pronouns have special declensions.Edit

Adverbial Accusative Dative Genetive Comitative
E Em Eme Men Mon Miká
Þu Þar Þú Þow Þor Þiká
Ha Hajs Hym Hum Hyzh Hiká
Y Ys Yhlo Yt Yd Yká
Wi Ware Uss Wu War Wiká
Ẅym Ẅyre Ús Uwe Ẅyr Ẅyká
Jaj Júþ Jo Jär Jäká
Þei Þer Þem Þok Ffu Þeiká
Ded Deir Dedm Deix Þùlù Dehdká
Hred Rurh Hre Nnu Mrů Hredká
Ő Ős Őss Öe Of Öká

VerbsEdit

Verbs conjugate to person, number, mode, and tense. Ishyndic is a pro-drop language.

Person Present Past R.Past Future R.Future Conditional Imperative
E -m -y -ot -hrarh -úd -aþ
Þu -arr -o -k -ete -tar -ude -iþ
Third P. Sg. -n -a -ffar -eta -mrùk -hdu -oþ
Wi Ẅym -ro -u -erh -eɩt -wor -odh -yþ
-uůr -kar -im -äþ
Third P. Plu. -el -ůþ
Ő -hnnof -aiþ

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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