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Conlang

Itsi

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Itsi is a constructed language invented by Lorenzo Gallego Borghini.

DescriptionEdit

Itsi is a conlang created for personal writing purposes and as an intellectual exercise. Its lexicon derives from major European language families, primarily Romance, Germanic, Greek and Slavic. Its order tends to SVO but thanks to declension and conjugation order is free.

Language sourcesEdit

Latin, Spanish, Italian, English, German, Russian, Greek; minor: Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, international trade words.

Design principlesEdit

Roots are derived from basic roots from the languages mentioned above. Syntax and inflection is based on a system of endings.

GrammarEdit

  • Nouns

There are three genders: masculine, femenine and neutral. Nouns can be declined in the following cases: nominative, accusative, genitive, dative, prepositional, instrumental. In addition, the following less used cases can also be formed: locative, temporal, causative, and two types of ablative.

The masculine is usually characterized by no ending in the nominative; feminines have the -a ending and the neuter has -o, , -e, or endings.

Declension

1) Masculine

Kral (king)NOMACGNDTPRINS
singkralkralekralukralikralekraley
plukralakralarkralorkralirkralarkraleir

2) Femenine

Astra (star)NOMACGNDTPRINS
singastraastraastreastriastraastrey
pluasträasträrastrorastrirasträrastrair

3) Neuter (-o)

Oko (eye)NOMACGNDTPRINS
singokookookuokiokookoy
pluokaokarokorokirokorokair

4) Neuter (-ë, -e)

Penízë (money)NOMACGNDTPRINS
singpenízëpenízepenízupenízipenízepenízey
plupenízapenízarpenízorpenízirpenízorpenízair

5) Neuter (-å)

Special group of neuter words. Usually one syllable. Including: syå (sea), (house), mlå (milk), hnå (honey) and snå (snow), among others.

(house)NOMACGNDTPRINS
singhåhoohuuhiihoohooy
pluhaahaarhoorhiirhoorhair

6) Special cases. There are special cases such as morën (morning), which would be declined as in (4) above with permutation of the -ë-: morën, morne, mornu, morni, morne, morney / morna, mornar, mornor, mornir, mornar, mornair.

Articles

Masculine

Masculine definite articleNOMACGNDTPRINS
singetetutitete
plutatartortirtartar

Feminine

Femenine definite articleNOMACGNDTPRINS
singititetititi
plutärtortirtärtir

Neuter

Neuter definite articleNOMACGNDTPRINS
singototutitoto
plutatartortirtartar

Euphony. For the purposes of euphony, definite articles must take a final -n when preceding words beginning with a vowel. Likewise, they may drop the final -r of the plural forms if preceding words beginning with a consonant. Examples: on otró (the water); sahë tä yeler (I see the girls).

The indefinite article (ën) does not vary and is used only in the singular.

Adjectives

Adjectives do not have gender inflection and are only affected by declension.

7) Adjective

Egi (big)NOMACGNDTPRINS
singegiegeegeiegeiegeegei
pluegieegeregeiregeiregereger



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