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Iwar Gopa

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Name: Iwar Gopa

Type: Fusional

Alignment: SOV

Head Direction: Mixture

Number of genders: 3

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Classification and DialectsEdit

The first settlers of Aravea (Arcadia in our language, "Arsh Ran Zvel Arsh" in old Iwar Gopa ) Planet, spoke the original Iwar Gopa(Holy Speak) that permitted them to connect to the centralised Gates of Aravea that existed around the region and burrowed power from it, however during the events of the First and Second Ézve Opie O(Execute Slumber God) the inhabitants forgot how to use the language and doomed it to be legends.

The recent studies of ruins showed the original Iwar Gopa to be still usable, ever since, the 21 Gates of Aravea have become connected again.

There exist two diferences between Apazve(old) Iwar Gopa and Iapazve(new) Iwar Gopa, the Writing system is different and the phonetics are slightly different.

The old language instead had syllabic sounds and wrote them as words like "I-wa-r" (Ibral Walr Riln), this was a very inefficient way to write and to say the words so old writings were translated in a different way.

The Iapazve Iwar Gopa is used as the lingua franca of Aravea.

Dialects Edit

There are three dialects of Iapazve Iwar Gopa:

  • Insular, spoken in the northern archipelago that the Ssoria Republic controls;
  • Northern, spoken in the Northern countries as a minority;
  • Southern, spoken in the three main lands of Ssoria, Isles of Maqu and Isles of Sea;

Consonants Edit

In Iwar Gopa there are 20 consonants not counting Y as a consonant (de facto) but Y works as a consonant so the chart below will represent it.

  • Jd, Z, Zv, Qu, B, C, K, D, L, F, G, H, P, M, N, R, S, W, X, T

In the different dialects the consonants used in the writing differ to accommodate the region, some gain new sounds others lose sounds:

  • Northern: J(Jd), Z, V(Zv), K(Qu), B, Tx(C), K, D, L, F, G, (H), F(P), M, N(NH/N), R, S, U(W), X, T
  • Insular: J(Jd), Z, V(Zv), Ku(Qu), B, C, K, D, L, F, G, H, P, M, N, R, S, W, Sh(X), T
  • Southern: Jd, Z, Zv, Qu, B, C, K, D, L, F, G, H, P, M, N, R, S, W, X, T

The northern dialect is by far the most irregular of the three because it has been changed by the Northern Countries that speak Sorʎanɛc(Soryanéch) /sɔɽiɐnɛt͡ʃ /.

Sound DroppingEdit

Special cases of dropping sounds:

  • Qu: at the end the "U" drops and it becomes silent unless a word explicitly has a "U"  Example: Man (Wéq), Rose (Maqu), it can drop in the middle in rare cases.
  • Jd: at the end the "D" drops and becomes silent, no exceptions, doesn't drop in the middle.
  • Zv: at the end the "Z" drops and becomes silent like in Ancient (Agav), no exceptions. The only V at the beggining of a word is Vi(future tense radical), there are some words were the Z drops in the middle of the word, example Aravea.

There are types when joining sounds of consonants:

  • 1º Type, Following a "B" there cannot be the following sounds, B, P and T
  • 2º Type, Following a "X" there cannot be the following sounds, X, W, Z and Zv
  • 3º Type, Before a "H" there can only be the following sounds, vowels, C, S, N, K, P, R, T, L and W
  • 4ºType, double consonants are only, SS(SH in the old language), LL(LH in the old language) and KK(CH or KH in the old language) due to no interactions between the people of the old and new language, old language had MM and RR added to this group, new words were translated has having only an R or an M, this type must be followed by a vowel other than Y.


New types may be added.

ChartEdit

All wrong(needs fixing)

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal Labial-Velar
Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiceless Voiceless Voiced
Nasal M [m] MM [ɱːː] N [n] NH [ ɲ]

NG [ŋːː]

Plosive P [p] B [b] T [t] D/TH [d] C/K/q/Qu [k] G [g]
Fricative F/PH [ɸ] F/PH [f] v[v] S [s] Zv [z]

SS/SH/X  [ ʃ ]

j [ʒ] KK/KH/CH [ ʂ ] KK/KH/CH[ç] H [h]
Approximant I[j] Qu/W [w]
Trill RR/RH [r]
Flap or tap Zv [ⱱ] R [ ɽ ] ~ [ ɾ ]
Lateral fric. Jd [ ɮ ]
Lateral app. L [ l ] LL/LH[ʎ]

VowelsEdit

There are 8 vowels in Iwar Gopa:

  • A, Ã, E, É, I, O, U, Ø.

And 2 semi-vowels:

  • I /j/;
  • U /w/ when in the letter Qu.
Rules:Edit
  • The à must not be the start of a word, only in the middle and at the end there are only two words with starting à they are:
    • Ãgréa / ãg.ɽɛɐ / (Place in the Aravea Region, Translation: Southern Rivers)
    • Ãpiro(s) / ã.piɽo(s) / (Name, Command Name of Oblivion, Translation: Forgotten)

Dialects

There are changes between the vowels in the different dialects:

  • Northern: A, Æ(Ã), Ē(E), E(É), Y(I), O, Ø, U/Ǔ(U)
  • Insular: A(A/Ã), E, É, I, O, U, Ǔ, Ø
  • Southern: A, Ã, E, É, I, O, U,Ø

ChartEdit

All wrong(needs fixing) Front Central Back
Close I [i] U [ʉ] (Ǔ [u])
Close-mid Ø [o]
Mid É [ɛ] (Ē)E [ə] O [ɔ]
Near-open à [ã] A [ɐ] A[a]

Vowel DiphthongsEdit

Rules:Edit
  • The à must not be together with another vowel except for Qu sound Example: Quã(Pronoun) and I.
  • The É and E can't be together.
  • Double vowel cannot happen except for AA , ØØ and EE and can be written with Ã/AA, O/ØØ and É/EE .

Second →

A Ã E É I O U

Ø

↓First
A [ã] ------ [aə] [aɛ] [aj] [aɔ] [aʉ] [ao]
à ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------
E [ɛɐ] ------ [ɛ] ------ [əj] [əɔ] [əʉ] [əo]
É [ɛɐ] ------ ------ ------ [ɛi] [ɛɔ] [ɛʉ] [ɛo]
I [iɐ] [iã] [iə] [iɛ] ------ [iɔ] [iʉ] [io]
O [ɔɐ] ------ [ɔə] ------ [ɔi] ------ ------ [ɔo]
U [ʉa] [ʉã] [ʉə] [ʉɛ] [ʉj] [ʉɔ] ------ [ʉo]
Ø ------ ------ ------ [oɛ] ------ ------ [oʉ] [ ɔ ]

Vowel TriphthongsEdit

There are some triphthongs in Iwar Gopa but they are rare and always start with Y and can't be followed by another vowel:

  • IAE [iaə]
  • IAÉ [iaɛ]
  • IØU [ioʉ], end of word always.
  • IAO [iaɔ]
  • IAU [iaʉ]
  • IAI [iaj], end of word always.
  • IOI [iɔi]

Triphthongs don't exist when they are in separated syllables, like in Loiur / lɔ.iʉɽ /, they are considered separate vowel sounds, one vowel (o) and a diphthongs (iu).

Also Triphthongs that derive from the letter Qu are permitted.

No more Triphthongs are permitted in the language, either they sound weird or can't be pronounced or by convention they can be written another way.

Tonic VowelsEdit

The Iwar Gopa System houses two types of A sounds used in various words.

Examples:

  • Gopa(to Speak) / gopa/ non tonic O, tonic A
  • Apazve(Old) / apa'zⱱə / tonic A, tonic A, non tonic E 
  • Wéqa(Men) / wɛkɐ / tonic É, non tonic A
  • Maqu (Rose) / makw / tonic A, consonant non tonic U
  • Épga (Earth) / ɛpgɐ / tonic E, non tonic A


There are 2 types of tonic vowels

  • 2 Accented ones: Ã /ã/, É /ɛ/
  • 2 Non Accented ones: A /a/,O /ɔ/

There are 5 non tonic vowels: I /i/, A /ɐ/ , E / ə/, Ø /o/, U /ʉ/

There are also 2 consonant end sounds that appear I / j /, Qu /w/ that are considered non tonic.

Writing SystemEdit

Letter A Ã Jd j(end) Z Zv v(end) Qu q(end) E É B
Sound [ɐ] [a] [ã] [ɮ] [ʒ] [z] [zⱱ] [v] [kw] [k] [ə] [ɛ] [b]
Letter C K

D

L F I G H P M
Sound [ k ] [k] [d] [l] [f]  [ɸ] [ i ]  [ j ] [g] [h] [p] [m]
Letter N R S X T O U
Sound [ n] [ ɽ ] [ ɾ ] [s] [w] [ ʃ ] [t] [o] [ɔ] [ʉ]
Letter MM LL/LH TH PH NH  RR/RH KK/KH/CH SS/SH NG
Sound [ɱːː] [ ʎ ] [d] [f]  [ɸ] [ ɲ] [ r ] [ ç ]  [ ʂ ] [ ʃ ] [ŋːː]

Number System Edit

Number Pronounciation IPA
0 Shikba/Ssirkba / ʃik.ba/
1 Bakv / bakv /
2 Sékv / sɛkv /
3 Bérk / bɛɽk /
4 Sikév / sikɛv /
5 Lipka / lip.kɐ /
6 Likuo / likʉɔ /
7 Haptia / hap.tiɐ /
8 Oitiv / ɔitiv /
9 Notzvo / nɔt.zⱱɔ /
10 Optiak / ɔp.tiak /
100 Mik / mik /
1.000 Giak / giɐk /
10.000 Optiak Giak / ɔp.tiak  giɐk /
100.000 Mik Giak / mik  giɐk /
1.000.000 pitékria /pitɛk.ɽiɐ/


GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

GenderEdit

There is no gender difference between objects, they all have genderless preposition normally "lu"(the) or in rare cases "Lpi" meaning male or "Lhi" female were we want the gender.

Example:

  • The (female) creature was sleeping.
  • Lhi crea bi'eg vi'op.
  • The Gold is in the Gate.
  • Lu Spire eg ol lu Hibe.

PluralEdit

There are various types of nouns that have a plural different from the normal rule which is to add a "O" to a consonant sound or a "S" to a vowel sound.

  • 1º Type, following the terminations of "R" and "L" we add a "N" sound
  • 2º Type, following a "A" termination we add "N" sound
  • 3º Type, following a "q" or a "j" we add a "A" sound

Examples:

  • Gar(Soil) ---> Garn(Soils)
  • Gan(Ground) ---> Gano(Ground)
  • É (Life) ---> És (Lives)
  • Wa (Tree) ---> Wan(Forest/Trees)
  • Wéq(Man) ---> Wéqa(Men)

OppositesEdit

To make opposites we add an "I" sound to the beginning of the word like "Apazve" - old, "Iapazve" - new

Except when the beginning of the word has the following sounds, "I" and "Y", there we use "Ir" - not, connected to the word like "Iwar" - Holy, "Iriwar" - Unholy.


VerbsEdit

In Iwar Gopa there are only 4 basic tenses in which verbs can conjugate, however they can be put together to form missing tenses, the conjugation appears before the verb and doesn't vary by person,  the usage of < ' > is so it has a small pause between the radical and the verb.

Basic TensesEdit

Normal Tense(Present) - (verb)

Past Tense - Bi'(verb)

Future Tense - Vi'(verb)

Imperative Tense - Gie'(verb)

Examples:

Verb Normal Tense(Present) Past tense Future Tense Imperative Tense
to Sleep Op Bi'op Vi'op Gie'op
to Command Oini Bi'oini Vi'oini Gie'oini
to Create Zu Bi'zu Vi'zu Gie'zu

​Composite TensesEdit

Past Continuous - Bi'(verb) + Vi'(verb)

Present Continuous - (verb) + Vi'(verb)

Past Perfect - Bi'(verb) + (verb)

Present Perfect - (verb) + (verb)

Past Perfect Continuous - Bi'(verb) + (verb) + Vi'(verb)

Present Perfect Continuous - (verb) + (verb) + Vi'(verb)

Conditional is formed by the usage of If in a sentence plus the verb in any tense.

Example:

  • Vi'op ol Aravea la vi'legv lu pité vi'zvapi, bi'eg shir(ssir) ir bi'eg aquq? 
  • Sleeping in Arcadia and seeing the stars passing, was great wasn't it? 

Command VerbsEdit

To connect in certain ways to the Gates, the people of Iwar Gopa used special command verbs or names that are translated has plurals of a certain verb or noun.

Examples:

  • Ézves, command verb of Notion, translated as Executes
  • Fhérshis/Fhérssis, command verb of Access, translated as Queries

Personal PronounsEdit

There 11 are personal pronouns in Iwar Gopa, these are the same for object and subject, I = Me.

Personal Pronoun Iwar Gopa Pronoun IPA
I Quér kwɛɽ

You

Quã kwã

He

She

Ye

Thee

Quor

Qui

Lo

Lun

kwɔɽ

kwi

lʉn

It (genderless)

Aquq (When not knowing the gender/God)

a'kwk
We Oquq ɔ'kwk
You Quãs kwãs

They

They(Genderless)

Quarq

Quarl(Normally for God or superior entity)

kwaɽk

kwaɽl

Possessive Determiners / PronounsEdit

Possessive Determiners/Pronouns Determiner IPA Pronoun IPA
My/Mine Quép kwɛp Quéper kwɛpɛɽ
Your/Yours Quãp kwãp Quãl kwãl
His/His Quov kwɔv Quot kwɔt
Her/ Hers Quiv kwiv Quit kwit
(Ye) Lopin lopin Loiur lɔ.iʉɽ
(Thee)

Lunir

lʉniɽ Lupir lʉpiɽ
Its/Its Aque akwə Aquol akwɔl
Our/Ours Oque ɔkwə Oquol ɔkwɔl
Your/Yours(plural) Quae kwaə Quaép kwaɛp
Their/Theirs Quap kwap Quar kwaɽ
Their/Theirs(genderless) Quav kwav Quiia kwi.ia

SyntaxEdit

The syntax is similar to the English but it deforms the interrogative and negative and adds two new modes.

There are 5 modes in Iwar Gopa:

  • Affirmative
  • Negative
  • Interrogation
  • Ipér (mode that expresses the feelings of the speaker) / ipɛɽ /
  • Éper (Ipér with Command Verbs) / ɛpɛɽ /

Affirmative Edit

  • God(S) created(V) the World(O).
  • O(S) Bi'zu(V) Lu Wole(O).


Negative
Edit

  • God(S) didn't create(V) the World(O).
  • O(S) Ir Bi'zu(V) Lu Wole(O). (doesn't add a new auxiliary verb only adds Ir - not, to the sentence)

Interrogative Edit

  • Did God create the world?
  • O(S) Bi'zu(V) Lu Wole(O)? (the sentence stays the same only changes the pronunciation to a question and doesn't create a auxiliary verb 
  • Didn't God(S)  create(V) the World(O)?
  • O(S) Ir Bi'zu(V) Lu Wole(O)?

Ipér mode Edit

The first part of the sentence is always the same 4 layer structure, doesn't need verb like in English.

  1. Ipei (Please) word(maybe be omitted, may come in last of the first part)
  2. The one that is feeling in the sentence
  3. The sentence feeling
  4. The intensity of the feeling

The second part of the sentence is the context of the feeling and why the feeling exists, or in acordance with the feeling.

Example

  • Ipei, Quér agaké cankin, pikés Quér piou! (Please, I very anxious, let I pass!)
  • Please, I'm very anxious, let me pass!

Éper Mode Edit

The Éper mode is equal to the Ipér mode, however it only uses command verbs in the second part of the sentence structure.

The command verbs are connections to the gates that exist in the Aravea planet, some commands have { } in the sentences these are blocks in the sentence, they normally have a long MMo /ɱːːo/ sound in the "{" and a MMe /ɱːːə/ sound in the "}", they indicate what is inside some structures.

Some of the connections are dangerous and can be so all sentence are reunited in the Book of Eper are missing the proper connection to a gate, that comes in the second part in the beggining.

Example

  • Extract of the Oblivion Example from the Book of the Eper mode
  • Quér akagé khizvar, Iuvo Pingiou { Ézves Ãpiros } .(I very sad, While Exists {Executes Oblivion} )
  • I'm very sad, While it exists execute the oblivion command.

Example textEdit

Extract from the Declaration of the Rights:

  • Wéqa eg genir la sawe imp la orta ol ipirln.
  • "Men are born and remain free and equal in rights."


Extract from the Bible, Book of Revalations:

  • Quér bi'legv pité bi'izvo zvan Apalv izvan Epga, la Aquq bi'eg iagav lu piat izvan lu giaia le lu fãta.
  • "I saw a Star fallen from Heaven to Earth, and he(genderless it) was given the key to the shaft of the bottomless pit."

Quote from Azvaptia:

  • Quér eg bakv jdagar Zelpav,zvir jdagar apiri la jdagar eopiris!
  • I'm a(one) simple Zelpav, with simple rules and simple thoughts

Quote from  Johann Wolfgang von Goethe:


  • Ophalhia Quér gopa izvan lu Ssukaspe: lar ning, Quã eg gig pichav
  • If I say to the moment: but stay, you are so beautiful

Sound shiftsEdit

Iwar Gopa underwent a massive sound shift, here are the changes:

Letter Old Sound New Sound Changes
à /æ/ /ã/ Changed Sound.
A /ɑ/ /a/ Changed Sound.
Y ----------------- ------------------ Eliminated Letter
LL /ɭ/ /ʎ/ Changed sound.
R ------ /ɾ/ Added new Sound.
Qu /k'ʉ/ /kw/ Changed sound.
E /ɛ/ ----- Eliminated Sound
C /q/ ------ Eliminated Sound
Ø ----- /o/ Separated the tonic O from the non-tonic O.
O /o/ ------ Separated the tonic O from the non-tonic O.

LexiconEdit

Main Article: Iwar Gopa/Lexicon

# English Word Iwar Gopa Word
3

He

Quor

4 She Qui
5 It(genderless/ unknown gender) Aquq
6 We Oquq
10 not Ir
11

the

Lu
12 of Le
13 and La
14 for Leg
15 by Li
16 Ye Lo
17 Thee Lun
18 but Lar
19 however Lag
20 God(genderless) O
21 Day(s) Nilv(o)
22 Night(s) Inilv(o)
23 Season(s) Ag(o)
24 Winter Tou
25 Spring Tel
26 Fall/ Autumm Gol
27 Summer Miv
28 old Apazve
29 new Iapazve
30 Man/Men Wéq(a)
31 Earth(Planet) Épga
32 Arcadia Aravea
33 ancient(s) Agav(o)
34 Rose(s) Maqu(s)
35 World(s) Wole(s)
36 (Un)Holy (Ir)Iwar
37

Execute(s)

Ézve(s)

38 Ground(s) Gan(o)
39 Soil(s) Gar(n)
40 Opposite(s) Ilér(n)
41 Star(s) Pité(s)
42 Comet(s) Pitév(o)
43 Almighty Goé
44 Death(s) Hi(s)
45 Life/Lives É(s)
46 Corpse(s) Ma(n)
47 Name(s) Naé(s)
48 Gold Spire
49 Silver Spare
50 Creation(s) Zurge(s)
51 Gate(s) Hibe(s)
52 Beginning(s) A(n)
53 Fire(s) Ka(n)
54 Water(s) Jdun(o)
55 Wind(s) Jdi(s)
56 Tree(s) Wa(n)
57 Forest(s) Wan(o)
58 Wood(s) Wia(n)
59 Rock(s) Nin(o)
60 Key(s) Piat(o)
61 Elemental(s) Farst(o)
62 Great Ssir/Shir
63 as Lin
64 at Liga
65 Female Lhi/Lli
66 Male Lpi
67 Exec Év
68 Aravea Isle Ssoria
69 People Theria
70 Sea Oriã
71 Republic Forinni
72 Mirage Quãpirinav
73 Isle(s) Ssarpinie(s)
74 Archipelago(s) Ssaria(n)
75 North Dér
76 Northern Deriao
77 Ocean Opék
78 Ocean of Aravea Oripéke
79 Ruler Épi
80 President Érhipar
81 Vice Ahir
Wise Ssarpna
simple Jdagar
rules(law) apiri
thought(s) eopiri(s)
Atlas(noun) Agthas
Mithra(name)(Oath Pact) Équer
maybe captia
maybe not icaptia

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