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Izlac

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Progress 59%


Name: Izlac

Type: Agglutinative

Alignment: Ergative-Absolutive

Head Direction:

Number of genders: None

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Nouns No Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers No Yes Yes No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

SettingEdit

Izlac (pronounced /Izlaθ/), is an artistic language created for with the only objective of serving as a communication among some people. Its names comes from the two first(i, z) and the three last letters of its alphabet(l, a, c). It is based on the Spanish and Catalan pronunciation and on Arabic writing. Declensions are inspired on Basque. Vocabulary is being created without relying on any particular language, although much of the words come from Spanish after a large deformation.

PhonologyEdit

Izlac has 5 vowels and 19 consonants in terms of phonology.

VowelsEdit

Vowel Front Central Back
Close i u
Mid
Open ä

This means that vowels are pronounced as in Spanish.

Dipthongs don't exist, so clusters like ou, ei or au must be pronounced /ou/, /ei/ or /au/ respectively, and don't */ow/, */ej/ or */aw/.

ConsonantsEdit

Consonant Bilabial Coronal Velar
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative ϕ θ s z ʃ ʒ x
Affricates ʦ (ʣ) ʧ (ʤ)
Trill r ɾ
Lateral l


If you like to know how to transcribe this to roman alphabet, then go to Writting system

PhonotacticsEdit

In Izlac, all the syllabes are constructed around a vowel. They can have some consonants, the way they are constructed is in the following outline:

(C)(L)V(N)(C)

C - Consonant

V - Vowel

L - Liquid consonant (l, r)

N - Nasal consonant (m, n)


Syllabe Word Syllabe Word
V Oox CVC Tsor
CV Rolets CVNC Empitxonx
CLV CLVC Grom
VC Encu CLVNC Dronts
VNC

Syllabes can not finish in a voiced consonant (The only exception is the name of the language, Izlac). Moreover, if there are a nasal consonant and a final one, the nasal must be articulated as the other consonant.

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GrammarEdit

Izlac is an agglutinative language, but nouns are quite synthetic. It has a SOV model, whith some adpositions (I haven't decided yet if they will be prepositions or postpositions) and some preffixes and suffixes (with many that can be considered particles). The alignment is Ergative-Absolutive. Izlac don't distinguishes any genre, but it differetiates between indeterminated, singular and plural. You must use singular or plural when you are talking about something specific (ie: A car (IND), The car (SIN/PLU), Peter(SIN)).

NounsEdit

Nouns are declinated by case and number. Izlac has 13 cases, which can be divided in nuclear cases, genitive cases, locative cases and other cases.

Nuclear casesEdit

Izlac has 3 nuclear cases. They refer to relations between subject and object.

Case How it works?
Absolutive Used to mark the SUB of intransitive sentences and the direct object (DO).
Ergative Used to mark the SUB of transitive sentences.
Dative Used to mark the indirect object (IO).

The declensions are the next:

Indeterminated Singular Plural
ABS -u -un
ERG -e -ek -en
DAT -(u)k -uk -unk

Letters between brackets are added when the root of the noun finish with consonant.

Genitive casesEdit

Izlac have two genitive cases: Possesive genitive and de facto genitive

Case How it works?
POS Used to mark that something belong to someone (animated or not)
GEN Used as complement of a noun.

The declension are the next:

Indeterminated Singular Plural
POS -os -osik -osen
GEN -os -ozik -ozen

Locative casesEdit

Izlac has 5 locative cases:

Case How it works?
Inessive It shows the place where the action happens. Similar to English preposition in.
Elative It shows that the action happens out of a place.
Allative It shows motion to a direction. Similar to English prepositions to or into.
Ablative It shows motion from a direction. Similar to from.
Prolative It shows motion through a place.

The declensions are the next:

Indeterminated Singular Plural
INE -o -ok -on
ELA -(u)n -(u)nik -(u)nen
ALL -te -tek -ten
ABL -cu -cuk -cun
PRO -bet -betik -beten

Other casesEdit

Izlac has 3 of these cases:

Case How it works?
Instrumental Used to mark the object which is used to accomplish the action.
Sociative Uset to mark people which take part in the action.
Benefactive Similar to the English preposition for: I bought it for John.

The declensions are the next:

Indeterminated Singular Plural
INS -tsanet -tsanetik -tsaneten
SOC -taits -taitsik -taitsen
BEN -naati -naatik -naaten

PronounsEdit

Pronouns are words that substitutes a noun phrase. In Izlac there are many types:

Personal pronounsEdit

Izlac distinguishes personal pronouns by person, number and case:

Case → Absolutive Ergative Dative
Sin Plu Sin Plu Sin Plu
1st person Ru Run Re Ren Rik Runk
2nd person Nu Nun Ne Nen Nik Nunk
3rd person Les Lesun Lese Lesen Lesuk Lesunk



This article or section requires fix up.
It will be done soon.

AdjectivesEdit

In Izlac adjectives normally are after the noun they modify to. Moreover, the declension of the noun is deleted and it passes to the adjective:

Lentreu: The book => Lentre goratu: The red book

Izlac's adjectives don't have any particular ending, so it doesn't exist any method to know if a word is an adjective or not.

DeterminersEdit

Posesivos y demostrativos. Interrogativos.

NumeralsEdit

Izlac number system is decimal. The system is quite similar to the English one.

Number Number Prefixes
0 Lan 20 Senbi t- 10^3
1 Tat 30 Noibi s- 10^6
2 Sen 40 Zatxbi n- 10^9
3 Noi 100 (Tat)Katsi z- 10^12
4 Zatx 200 Senkatsi c- 10^15
5 Cots 300 Noikatsi tx- 10^18
6 Txar 1.000 (Tat xat)telu j- 10^21
7 Jau 2.000 Sen xat telu h- 10^24
8 Hele 10.000 (Tat)bi xat telu f- 10^27
9 Fuit 20.000 Senbi xat telu (tat)b- 10^30
10 (Tat)bi 100.000 (Tat)katsi xat telu (tat)bit- 10^33
11 (Tat)bi tat 1.000.000 (Tat xat) selu senbis-

10^66

12 (Tat)bi sen 2.000.000 Sen xat selu noibin- 10^99

Here we can se that some peculiar thing. With numbers up to 1 million, we see that we use the scientific scale. We use the word 'xat', which signifies 'times', a prefix based on number from 1 to 9 and the particle 'elu', which means "ten to the (3*prefix)" (10^(3*n)). So 'tat xat telu' would mean: One times ten cubed (1*10^3), 'senbi cots xat telu noikatsi txar' : twenty-five times ten cubed plus three hundred six (25*10^3+306=25.306) and 'Cots xat selu fuitkatsi helebi sen xat telu jaukatsi helebi fuit' : five times ten to the sixth plus nine hundred eighty-two times ten cubed plus seven hundred eighty-nine (5*10^6+982*10^3+789=5.982.789).

This article or section requires fix up.
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AdverbsEdit

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VerbsEdit

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Writing sytemEdit

Izlac alfabet comprises 17 letters and 6 diacritical marks, but writed it has 24 letters. Vowels may be written in two ways: with a diacritic (after a consonant) or with the vowel sign and a diacritic (before a consonant or isolated). Each letter of the alphabet has its begining, middle, end, isolated and its old capital form.


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The transcription of the alfabet is as follows:

I i Z z Ts ts F f S s P p B b U u K k G g R r Tx tx T t D d X x E e N n H h O o J j M m L l A a C c

They represent the next phonemes:

Transcription Phoneme Transcription Phoneme
I /i/ T /t/
Z /z/ D /d/
Ts /ʦ/ or /ʣ/ X /ʃ/
F /ϕ/ E /e/
S /s/ N /n/
P /p/ H /x/
B /b/ O /o/
U /u/ J /ʒ/
K /k/ M /m/
G /g/ L /l/
R /ɾ/ A /a/
Tx /ʧ/ or /ʤ/ C /θ/

/ʧ/ and /ʤ/ are ok for tx, as well as /ʦ/ or /ʣ/ for ts.

DictionaryEdit

Other wordsEdit

- Ilux "Music"

- Tsi "Pen"

- Tsor "Force (Physics)"

- Pacu "Meat"

- Kaner "Creation"

- Gemjanc "Sport"

- Gorat "Red"

- Ret "Village"

- Rolets "Declension"

- Rak "Stupid, idiot"

- Rakun "Corner"

- Rajonk "Seduction"

- Dronts "To throw"

- Encu "Place"

- Eon "Human"

- Empitxonx "Kiss"

- Hertxen "Garden"

- Haluc "Time"

- Ongrom "Bread"

- Oox "Alcohol"

- Omhats "Car"

- Oli "Light"

- Lentre "Book"

- Lomhron "Damage"

- Lamra "Train"

- Adunts "Even"

Example textEdit

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