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Jakallian

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Jakallian Language
Ճձակալլիսկի Շիեվսկալ

(Dzjakalliski Shievskal)

Type
Agglutinating
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Mixed
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Jakallian language (Ճձակալլիսկի Շիեվսկալ ;Dzjakalliski Shievskal) is one of the other official languages in the Ujangian Federation, alongside English, Japanese, and Chimeran. It is the official language of Tsardom of Jakall, Grand Duchy of Natalinna, Grand Duchy of Iruninna, and Kingdom of Anastasia. It is from the Jakallic Family, though Slavic origins are also suggested by scholars. It descended from Proto-Jakallian, and had undergone many changes, particularly the 1888 Spelling and Grammar Reform made by Tsar Akhsirenskren III.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p  b t  d k  ɡ
Fricative v ʂ ʐ ɕː (ʑː) x
Affricate t͡s z t͡ɕ
Approximant j
Trill
Flap or tap ɾ ~ ɺ
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i u
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid e ə o
Open-mid
Near-open
Open a

Writing SystemEdit

Jakallian uses the Jakallian Armenian Alphabet, which is slightly different to the original Armenian alphabet. The alphabet is so baked in the Jakallian way of life, there are some circumstances whereas Japanese immigrants dating from the 15th century, has abandoned their kanji and kanas in favor of the Jakallian writing system. There are, however, some modification to the original alphabet to suit the Japanese language.

111111-0

PhonotacticsEdit

The possible syllables in Jakallian are (C)(V)(C)V(V)(C)(N), though it may vary due to influences from other languages such as Russian, Japanese, or English. Unlike other languages, Jakallian phonotactics are mostly flexible, as to accomodate loanwords while still retaining their origin sounds.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes No No No Yes
Nouns No Yes Yes No No No No Yes
Adjectives No No No Yes No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No Yes Yes No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

Jakallian has no genders, and there are no exception in Jakallian. There are four cases in which a noun can be modified: Accusative, Nominative, Dative, and Genitive.

  • Nominative Case
    • Nominative or the subject uses the root word. As for example:
Jakallian Nominative Case
Jakallian English Jakallian Sentence English Meaning
դրեկի (dreki) the tree Ծիաբիրիենա դրեկի (Tsiabiriena dreki) The lovely tree (in this context, the tree is lovely)
տեկին (tekin) the building Տեկին մախիրենած (Tekin makhirenats) The building is a school (in this context, the focus is the building)

In other words, nominative case is used to make a noun the subject in the sentence.

  • Accusative Case
    • Accusative or the direct object of a sentence is formed by adding -ծ/-ts after the noun. If the noun ends in a consonant (other than ա/a, ե/e, ը/e-, ի/i, ո/o, ու/u), conjugate it with -ած/-ats. As for example:
Jakallian Accusative Case
Jakallian English Jakallian Sentence English Meaning
դրեկիծ (drekits) the tree Ծիաբիրիենա դրեկիծ (Tsiabiriena drekits) The lovely tree (in this context, the speaker views the tree as a lovely object)
տեկինած (tekinats) the building Տեկինած մախիրեն (Tekinats makhiren) The building is a school (in this context, the speaker refers to the school as the subject, while the building is the object.)

In other words, accusative case is used to make a noun the object in the sentence.

  • Dative Case
    • Dative case, or indirect object (to the) is formed by adding -զ/-z after the noun. If it ends with a consonant, conjugate it with -ազ/-az. For example:
Jakallian Dative Case
Jakallian English Jakallian Sentence English Meaning
(drekiz) to the tree (Ya tsuven drekiz) I go to the tree.
(tekinaz) to the building Ya tsuven tekinaz) I go to the building.

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English Jakallian
1IMiya
2you (singular)Nawaii
3heKunna
4weNaiisha
5you (plural)Nawaii
6theyHyade
7thisIkkir
8thatIkka
9hereNimai
10thereNikama
11whoSvar
12whatInya
13whereHvan
14whenNaar
15howIyl
16notIie
17allanassa
18manynassa
19someiienas
20fewiienik
21othermier
22oneeinn
23twoni
24threemit
25fourfir
26fivefinn
27bigshoki
28longdaikal
29wideshikil
30thickirenik
31heavysaiker
32smallinaaii
33shortiiekail
34narrowshiekil
35thininaren
36womanshiniike
37man (adult male)niike
38man (human being)mikavian
39childoneiikenn
40wifenishiren
41husbandnikkiren
42motherikeshunn
43fatherikeveinn
44animalhyenaika
45fishmerikeinn
46birdharenna
47doginushia
48lousekezanka
49snakeshinessa
50wormkayzikka
51treedriyan
52forestdryiakiinn
53stickipenai
54fruitishiskan
55seedidirya
56leafdranivik
57roothyetar
58barkikedrinn
59flowershaideninn
60grassmyenir
61ropeliken
62skinatenai
63meatanskilev
64bloodideraansk
65bonederaide
66fatsaikien
67eggonnaair
68hornitebaik
69tailkeisher
70feathersaiieniren
71hairikewask
72headtidren
73earher
74eyeeivna
75noseshiffe
76mouthmainna
77toothikezan
78tonguedaizekan
79fingernailikner
80footikun
81legkeikun
82kneedenaikun
83handhiyer
84wingarchenki
85bellynaideko
86gutsnaideko
87necklenar
88backifera
89breastshinuiinn
90heartideraiiki
91liverdetanev
92drinkoinite
93eatdekine
94bitekeziune
95suckzekaidne
96spitnaidzeza
97vomititewekio
98blownadei
99breatheinnerai
100laughhahinna
101seeoniraa
102hearhereta
103knowichekai
104thinkkaishe
105smellhiff
106fearizainn
107sleepnaiiki
108liveniashiki
109dieiienia
110killizekiaz
111fightdazkekiz
112huntinaineez
113hitmizekau
114cutkoide
115splitdettaner
116stabidzeni
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki


Example textEdit

Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Jakallian:
English Jakallian
All living beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Աիդէ նիաշիկիմիրանկիի իյուկկաի իզադնա ի ինավիդ վիր միկիրան ի հակկիի. Հյադէ ֆէլլէնաինավ կյանիշա ի իկեշան ի տադէվիկի վիր իզկաիդէ նէէիինիկէնն.

Aide niashikimirankii iyukkai izadna i inavid vir mikiran i hakkii. Hyade fellenainav kyanisha i ikeshan i tadeviki vir izkaide neeiinikenn.

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