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Jakallian Language
Ճձակալլիսկի Շիեվսկալ

(Dzjakalliski Shievskal)

Type
Agglutinating
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Mixed
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Jakallian language (Ճձակալլիսկի Շիեվսկալ ;Dzjakalliski Shievskal) is one of the other official languages in the Ujangian Federation, alongside English, Japanese, and Chimeran. It is the official language of Tsardom of Jakall, Grand Duchy of Natalinna, Grand Duchy of Iruninna, and Kingdom of Anastasia. It is from the Jakallic Family, though Slavic origins are also suggested by scholars. It descended from Proto-Jakallian, and had undergone many changes, particularly the 1888 Spelling and Grammar Reform made by Tsar Akhsirenskren III.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p  b t  d k  ɡ
Fricative v ʂ ʐ ɕː (ʑː) x
Affricate t͡s z t͡ɕ
Approximant j
Trill
Flap or tap ɾ ~ ɺ
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i u
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid e ə o
Open-mid
Near-open
Open a

Writing SystemEdit

Jakallian uses the Jakallian Armenian Alphabet, which is slightly different to the original Armenian alphabet. The alphabet is so baked in the Jakallian way of life, there are some circumstances whereas Japanese immigrants dating from the 15th century, has abandoned their kanji and kanas in favor of the Jakallian writing system. There are, however, some modification to the original alphabet to suit the Japanese language.

111111-0

PhonotacticsEdit

The possible syllables in Jakallian are (C)(V)(C)V(V)(C)(N), though it may vary due to influences from other languages such as Russian, Japanese, or English. Unlike other languages, Jakallian phonotactics are mostly flexible, as to accomodate loanwords while still retaining their origin sounds.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes No No No Yes
Nouns No Yes Yes No No No No Yes
Adjectives No No No Yes No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No Yes Yes No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

Jakallian has no genders, and there are no exception in Jakallian. There are four cases in which a noun can be modified: Accusative, Nominative, Dative, and Genitive.

  • Nominative Case
    • Nominative or the subject uses the root word. As for example:
Jakallian Nominative Case
Jakallian English Jakallian Sentence English Meaning
դրեկի (dreki) the tree Ծիաբիրիենա դրեկի (Tsiabiriena dreki) The lovely tree (in this context, the tree is lovely)
տեկին (tekin) the building Տեկին մախիրենած (Tekin makhirenats) The building is a school (in this context, the focus is the building)

In other words, nominative case is used to make a noun the subject in the sentence.

  • Accusative Case
    • Accusative or the direct object of a sentence is formed by adding -ծ/-ts after the noun. If the noun ends in a consonant (other than ա/a, ե/e, ը/e-, ի/i, ո/o, ու/u), conjugate it with -ած/-ats. As for example:
Jakallian Accusative Case
Jakallian English Jakallian Sentence English Meaning
դրեկիծ (drekits) the tree Ծիաբիրիենա դրեկիծ (Tsiabiriena drekits) The lovely tree (in this context, the speaker views the tree as a lovely object)
տեկինած (tekinats) the building Տեկինած մախիրեն (Tekinats makhiren) The building is a school (in this context, the speaker refers to the school as the subject, while the building is the object.)

In other words, accusative case is used to make a noun the object in the sentence.

  • Dative Case
    • Dative case, or indirect object (to the) is formed by adding -զ/-z after the noun. If it ends with a consonant, conjugate it with -ազ/-az. For example:
Jakallian Dative Case
Jakallian English Jakallian Sentence English Meaning
(drekiz) to the tree (Ya tsuven drekiz) I go to the tree.
(tekinaz) to the building Ya tsuven tekinaz) I go to the building.

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English Jakallian
1IMiya
2you (singular)Nawaii
3heKunna
4weNaiisha
5you (plural)Nawaii
6theyHyade
7thisIkkir
8thatIkka
9hereNimai
10thereNikama
11whoSvar
12whatInya
13whereHvan
14whenNaar
15howIyl
16notIie
17allanassa
18manynassa
19someiienas
20fewiienik
21othermier
22oneeinn
23twoni
24threemit
25fourfir
26fivefinn
27bigshoki
28longdaikal
29wideshikil
30thickirenik
31heavysaiker
32smallinaaii
33shortiiekail
34narrowshiekil
35thininaren
36womanshiniike
37man (adult male)niike
38man (human being)mikavian
39childoneiikenn
40wifenishiren
41husbandnikkiren
42motherikeshunn
43fatherikeveinn
44animalhyenaika
45fishmerikeinn
46birdharenna
47doginushia
48lousekezanka
49snakeshinessa
50wormkayzikka
51treedriyan
52forestdryiakiinn
53stickipenai
54fruitishiskan
55seedidirya
56leafdranivik
57roothyetar
58barkikedrinn
59flowershaideninn
60grassmyenir
61ropeliken
62skinatenai
63meatanskilev
64bloodideraansk
65bonederaide
66fatsaikien
67eggonnaair
68hornitebaik
69tailkeisher
70feathersaiieniren
71hairikewask
72headtidren
73earher
74eyeeivna
75noseshiffe
76mouthmainna
77toothikezan
78tonguedaizekan
79fingernailikner
80footikun
81legkeikun
82kneedenaikun
83handhiyer
84wingarchenki
85bellynaideko
86gutsnaideko
87necklenar
88backifera
89breastshinuiinn
90heartideraiiki
91liverdetanev
92drinkoinite
93eatdekine
94bitekeziune
95suckzekaidne
96spitnaidzeza
97vomititewekio
98blownadei
99breatheinnerai
100laughhahinna
101seeoniraa
102hearhereta
103knowichekai
104thinkkaishe
105smellhiff
106fearizainn
107sleepnaiiki
108liveniashiki
109dieiienia
110killizekiaz
111fightdazkekiz
112huntinaineez
113hitmizekau
114cutkoide
115splitdettaner
116stabidzeni
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Jakallian:
English Jakallian
All living beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Աիդէ նիաշիկիմիրանկիի իյուկկաի իզադնա ի ինավիդ վիր միկիրան ի հակկիի. Հյադէ ֆէլլէնաինավ կյանիշա ի իկեշան ի տադէվիկի վիր իզկաիդէ նէէիինիկէնն.

Aide niashikimirankii iyukkai izadna i inavid vir mikiran i hakkii. Hyade fellenainav kyanisha i ikeshan i tadeviki vir izkaide neeiinikenn.

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