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Type Fusional
Alignment Nom-Acc
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Progress 0%
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator Marek Szymonski

Classification and DialectsEdit

The Ящевскей(nom pl of Ящевскый, from Proto Slavic *ęstjevъ, the Jaščevian slavic tribe) are a stateless nation spread throughout Belarus, Ukraine, Russia and Poland.


Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post-Alv3 Palatal Velar
Nasal m mʲ n ɲ n/a
Plosive p b pʲ bʲ t d (tʲ dʲ)1 c ɟ k g6
Fricative f v fʲ vʲ s z sʲ zʲ ʃ~ʂ ʒ~ʐ ɕ4 ʑ4 x γ
Affricate ts dz (tsʲ dzʲ)2 tʃ~tʂ dʒ~dʐ 44
Approximant l1 j ʎ5 w
Trill r ɾʲ
  1. only occurs in Russian or Ukrainian loans, often only in educated speech
  2. only in foreign borrowings, esp. Belorusian
  3. there is free variation between retroflex and postalveolar pronunciations of these phonemes
  4. allophones of the post-alv series before soft vowels and in the clusters ɕtɕ & ʑdʑ.
  5. allophone of [lʲ] before iotated back vowels
  6. typically only in foreign borrowings in educated speech, otherwise it's a fricative [γ]. Also after nasals
Letter Hard Soft Letter Hard Soft
Бб b Рр r ɾʲ
Вв v Сс s
Гг γ Тт t
Дд d ɟ Ўў w, ː
Жж ʒ/ʐ ʑ Фф f
Зз z Хх x
Кк k Цц ts (tsʲ)
Лл (l) lʲ/ʎ Чч tʃ/tʂ
Мм m Шш ʃ/ʂ ɕ


n ɲ Щщ ɕtɕ
Пп p ь ʲ
Front Central Back
High i iː ɨ ɨː u uː
Mid e eː o oː
Low a aː

Note that this is a phonemic chart, a more phonetic analysis is given below

Letter Stressed Unstressed Letter Stressed Unstressed
А а a ə Оў оў
Аа аа У у u ʊ
Е е1 ʲ/je ʲ/jɪ Уў уў
Ей ей Ы ы ɨ ɨ̞

Ё ё

ʲ/jo ʲ/jɵ Ый ый ɨː
И и (ʲ)i (ʲ)ɪ Э э ɛ ɪ, ɨ̞2
Ий ий (ʲ)iː Ю ю ʲ/ju ʲ/jʊ̈
О о o ɵ Я я ʲ/ja ʲ/je
  1. Functionally equivalent to <э> after velar consonants
  2. chiefly in dialects heavily influenced by Russian

As can be inferred from the chart, there is vowel reduction which is overall not as extensive as Russian but more so than Belorussian.

Long vowels are a result of the coalescence of a vowel (or two vowels) and a glide. Thus the masculine adjective endings -ий and -ый are pronounced iː and ɨː. Due to sound changes concerning the letters л & в, the ToloT and TeleT series also produce long vowels, ie PSl solma > Jsch соўма ['soːmə], cf Russ солома, and PSl melti > Jsch моўть [moːc], cf Russ молоть.






Example textEdit

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