Wikia

Conlang

Jxosledu

3,217articles on
this wiki
Talk0
Jxosledu
Jxosledus qajo
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Ergative
Head direction
right
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Jxosledu (Jxosledus qajo [ʈʂχɤs.le.dɯ̽s. qɑ.ɖʐɤ.]) is one of the most spoken languages on the planet Aetho. It is a majority language in Jxosledu, the very populous nation after which it is named.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

postalveolar dorsal uvular glottal
nasal n
stop t t’ k̟ k̟’ q q’
fricative s z ɬ ɕ ʑ χ h
affricate ʈʂ ʈʂ’
approximant l j ɰ̙
  • The postalveolar consonants are all apical, except for /ʈʂ/, /ʈʂ’/, and [ɽ], which are subapical/retroflex.
  • The lax consonants are voiced intervocalically.
  • The glottal transition /h/ takes on certain characteristics of vowels it appears after, namely: after back vowels it becomes [ɣ] and after front vowels it becomes [ʝ] (both devoiced in the coda).
  • The lateral approximant is pronounced [ɽ] intervocalically and never begins a word.
  • /ɰ/ is an unrounded post-velar approximant.

VowelsEdit

front back
close ɪ ɯ̽
mid e ɤ
open æ ɑ

OrthographyEdit

TransliterationEdit

This page is written using the Latin transliteration, shown below, of the Jxosledu alphabet.

letter a ä ç d e f g h i j k l/r n
phoneme /ɑ/ /æ/ /ʈʂ’/ /t/ /e/ /ɬ/ /k̟/ /h/ /ɪ/ /ʈʂ/ /k̟’/ /l/ /n/
letter o q q' s ś t u w x y z ź
phoneme /ɤ/ /q/ /q’/ /s/ /ɕ/ /t’/ /ɯ̽/ /ɰ/ /χ/ /j/ /z/ /ʑ/

examples

  • faroźi [ɬɑɽɤʑɪ], "froth"
  • çq'ara [ʈʂ’q’ɑɽɑ], "screw"
  • äqxd [æqχt], seven

CollationEdit

d, t, s, z, j, ç, f, l/r, g, k, ś, ź, y, w, n, q, q', x, h, i, e, ä, u, o, a

NounsEdit

DeclensionEdit

case consonant weak vowel strong vowel
abs -o -0 -0
erg-gen -s -s -s
dat -ey -ey -w
inst-com -ed -ed -d
loc -dä -d -d
equ -ug -ug -gu
adv -ut -ut -tu
voc -i -i -0

ExamplesEdit

case "spirit" "mother" "ability"
abs ahaśo dädä kanu
erg-gen ahaśs dädäs kanus
dat ahaśey dädey kanuw
inst-com ahaśed däded kanud
loc ahaśdä dädäd kanud
equ ahaśug dädug kanugu
adv ahaśut dädut kanutu
voc ahaśi dädi kanu

CasesEdit

  • Absolutive: marks the absolutive argument of a verb (mother)
  • Ergative-genitive: marks the ergative argument of a verb, genitives, and possession (mother's)
  • Dative: marks the destination of an action or object (to/for mother)
  • Instrumental-comitative: marks accompaniment and what is used to complete an action (with mother)
  • Locative: marks the location of something (near mother)
  • Equative: marks what an object is like (like mother)
  • Adverbial: marks what something is as and marks adverbs (as a mother)
  • Vocative: marks what is directly referred to (mother!)

PronounsEdit

sg pl
1ex fan gaga
1in iśal
2 śu eśe
3prox di zäri
3dist ho zäno

VerbsEdit

Infinitive/Supine: a-root-a

Personal prefixesEdit

sg pl
1ex f- ga-
1in fa-
2 w/u- uxa-
3 0- a/e/i+l/r-

Evidence/Generalness suffixesEdit

EPIS GNO
direct -e -ne
reportative -źe -niźe
inferential -te -nite
  • The <i> in the gnomic reportative and inferential endings is typically not pronounced except in poetry.

VocabularyEdit

NumeralsEdit

The Jxosledus count in the unheard of base-14 (tetradecimal), rather than base-ten (decimal). This is because the Aethos have eight fingers and six toes.

# name 14+# #*14 #*196
0 gośś disg
1 al areddis disg jäsgä
2 çed çededdis dijed çedjäsgä
3 taro tareddis ditaro tarojäsgä
4 fidda fiddaddis difidda fiddajäsgä
5 yu yuddis diyu yujäsgä
6 iśä iśeddis diiśä iśäjäsgä
7 äqxd äqxdeddis diäqxd äqxdjäsgä
8 oriśä oriśeddis dioriśä oriśäjäsgä
9 ollu olluddis diollu ollujäsgä
10 offidda offiddaddis dioffidda offiddajäsgä
11 oldaro oldareddis dioldaro oldarojäsgä
12 oljed oljededdis dioljed oljedjäsgä
13 oral orareddis dioral oraljäsgä
14 disg dijed jäsgä disjäsgä
  • ex. yudiyuyujäsgä (555) =1055
  • dijedtarojäsgä (320) =616
  • çeddiäqxd (72) =100

ColorsEdit

  • hauj [hɑ.ɯ̽ʈʂ.]: black
  • way [ɰ̙ɑj.]: white
  • sag [sɑk̟.]: red, pink
  • dises [tɪ.ses.]: orange, brown
  • śild [ɕɪlt.]: yellow
  • eo [e.ɤ.]: cyan, green, blue
  • zored [zɤ.ɽet.]: gray
  • asuqli [ɑ.sɯ̽q.lɪ.]: purple

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki