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Kãaki

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Kãaki
Type Fusional
Alignment OVS (No declension to alignment)
Head direction Medial
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations Yes
Genders Yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Adverbs  %
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator Igor RN


HistoricalEdit

The Kãaki ['kãki] is a first son language of Xáh (Xiríg Arigtíp). It was a language created and organizated by some teachers (Xahsbí) who goes to other side of Snow's Line. The gramatic of this was based in native's language and the etymologic was based too, but some etiologic's bases of Xáh must be found in.

This language was teached by those Xáhsbí Men in by 10 islands to the natives. The attempt to teach it to natives was a way to show to Xahsbí Teachers of Fkari (The first "university" of continnent) a new thinking way. When the people publish the Kãaki grammar, the Masters of Great University of Fkari don't deal with the fact of other people "evolve" culturally and block all the ways to these grammar arrives on university. One of retaliations was the prohibition of North universitys' teachers.

Classification and DialectsEdit

The Kãaki was not a complete artificial language, but was a created language, even this it get united by one language the archipelago.

The consequence of a created language be teached to natives was a creation -too- of a lot of dialects so distinguished into them. A good example of this is the sound of trigraph "bsh" and "psh":

In the official language "bsh" sounds like "th voiced" ([θ]) and "psh" sounds like "th unvoiced" ([ð]).

In the dialects next to the continnents coast the "bsh" sounded like "v" and "psh" sounded like "f"

The natives of "Krommkáa"['kʁõmka] Island have no the sounds [v], [z], [θ] and [ð], so they chose to use the sound [b] to substitute the [θ] and the [f] to substitute the [ð].

The "Grosfum" ['grɔsfũ] Island used the sound [v] and [f] to substitute, respectivily, [θ] and [ð].

Normally just the people that come from continent had usage to talk [θ] and [ð].

So, the principal dialects will be posted here with the time.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Palato-alveolar Velar Uvular Glottal Labio-velar
Nasal m n
Plosive t d k
Fricative f v θ ð s ʃ ʒ χ ʁ h
Trill ʀ
Affricative t͡s d͡ʒ t͡ʃ
Lateral fric. j
Lateral app. l ʎ
Aprroximant w

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Back
Close i y u
Near-close ɪ ʊ
Close-mid e o
Mid ɔ
Open-mid ɛ œ ɜ
Near-open ɐ
Open a ɑ

Writing SystemEdit

The original writing system of Kãaki was trully complicated. It didn't have spaces into word and each sound had by menos thre form of be represented.

It had three "alphabets": Ati, Dahki and Efi, composed by "Kyaraf", each Kyaraf exercise one foneme. Out of these three alphabets, they had simbols to "Complex letters" (KyarafSóhri), to "Verbal terminations" (KyarafImari), to "Double letters" (KyarafJihri), to "Transitive advises" (KyarafKfasVehserey) and to "Xáh Mahêf".

Those all simbolls totalize 141 different simbolls no counting with "Xáh Mahêf", but in this article I'll use latinization of these simbolls.

LatinizationEdit

Normal letters (Ahti, Dahki and Ehfi)Edit

Letter A/a D/d E/e F/f H/h I/i J/j K/k L/l M/m N/n O/o
Sound [a]; [ɐ]; [ɑ]; [ɜ] [d] [ɛ];[e] [f] - [i];[ɪ] [ʒ] [k] [l] [m] [n] [o];[ɔ]
Letter R/r S/s T/t U/u V/v X/x Y/y W/w
Sound [ʁ];[h] [s] [t] [u] [v] [ʃ] [j] [w]

Di and trigraphesEdit

Di and trigraphes Og Ig uu ii ay oy tx ts dx/ds uh* wh Iig
Sound [œ] [y] [uː] [iː] [ɐ];[ɜ] [o];[ɔ] [t͡ʃ] [t͡s] [d͡ʒ] ou [dis] [ɐ];[ɜ] [ɐ];[ɜ] [ɪ]
Di and trigraphes Yie Yei Bsh Psh uû / ûu iî / îi rr lwh eh

êe / êe

ah ûh
Sound [iː] [aj] [ð] [θ] [ũ] [ĩ] [ʀ];[χ] [lej] [ɛ] [ẽ] [a] [ɜ]
Di and trigraphes oh uuh àhn âhn
Sound [ɔ] [u] [ɑ̃] [ã];[ɑ̃]

Accented vowelsEdit

Letter á ã â é éh êh í ó õ ô ú û
Sound [a]; [ɑ] [ɜ̃];[ɐ̃] [ɐ];[ɜ] [e] [ɛ] [ɛ] [i] [ɔ] [õ] [o] [u] [ɐ];[ɜ]
Letter à âh ãh ê* êeh eêh î ôh û*
Sound [ɑ] [a]; [ɑ] [ã] [ẽ] [ɛ̃] [ɛ̃] [ĩ] [ɔ̃] [ũ]
  • When it followed by another (no accented) "e" or "u".

Speling, pronunciation and pronunciation tipsEdit

  The "h" appears normally after open vowels.

  The "y" into two vowels will be pronounced [jj] or won't pronounced. Jyahê: [ʒij'jae] or [ji'ae].

  The stressed sylabble normally is the penultimate, but there are excetions. The excetions are not regular.

  When "y" is forming an adjective "ay" is [aj] and "oy" is [oj]/[ɔj].

•  In a word with sufix "-té" ever the penultimate is stressed and nominates a place.

•  To phonology; "ao" will be read as [wa] and the variations of "a" in this combination will afect.

- ão > [wã]

- áo > [wá]

- âo > [wɜ] or [wɐ].

  To phonology; "iu" will be read as [oj] or [ɔj] and the variations of "i" in this combination will afect. 

- îu > [oj];

- íu > [ɔj]

- îio > [õj]

  When two vowels are together and one have an accent just the accented will be read.

Maríi > [ma'ʁí]

  When two vowels are together and one off them be accented: the syllable will be stressed if the vowel accented is more far to center of word. Examples:

- Marêe > ['maʁ], because "ê" is closest to center in relation to "e")

- Mareê > [ma'ʁ] , because "ê" is more far to center in relation to "e")

- Uûteh > [ũ'tɛ], because "Û" is closest to center in relation to "u")

- Ûuteh > ['ũtɛ], because "Û" is more far to center in relation to "u")

*Observation: Normally this diference will occurs in bissiyable words, in words with three syllable or more (normally) the syllable with two vowels and one of them accented will be stressed.

  Pronounciation: A "h" into two vowels will ever be an hiatus, and the first vowel will be open (and normally the stressed syllable will be penultimate):

Ahi: ['Ai]

Kaméha: [kɜm'ɛa]

 If the vowel of last syllabble be "é" the the stressed syllable will be penultimate:

Mahé: ['mae]

(It will be acrescented with the time).

GrammarEdit

First: just forget all of Latin. IT HAVE NO LINK.

Before, we will presents morphology of this.

MorphologyEdit

JiyahêEdit

All that exist is and being and ich being has a name. Jiyahê is the name to an word that indices being. The jiyahêf names:

• objects: Kasáhr (glass), sóhr (mirror/reflex)

• persons: Marcus, Kyeisu

• phenomenons: Mãväs (Rain), Komérra (War)

• Places: Jermaníya(Germain), Brésil(Brazil), Tehxãa(House)...

• Feelings: Ráva (Rage), Dask (Love)...

• States: Jäsaosyie (Happy), Jôhta (Badness)...

• Quality: Ãtéhr (Goodness)...

•Actions: Vemeh (Running), Värna (Knock)...

•Numbers: I (One), Ni (Two), Mi Virôty (23)...

Pronoums demonstratives; pronoums indefinite.

It seems to substantive and numeral simultaneously.

When "Jiyahê" is a Jiyahê it means "being".

This class is variable in number and gender.

Number of JiyahêEdit

The numbers of and jiyahê may be two:

• Iyri: When there is one beeing. The word is naturally iyri. Singular.

• Niyri: When there are two or more beeing, as the plural. The word will modify itself to express niyri. The modification will be:

Normally:

• Must increase a "f" (with [f]) in worlds finished in vowel or "h" and, if it's finished in consonant, must increase "'f/'if" (with [if)):

- Sao > Saof (Place > Places)

- Vyei > Vyeif (Think > Thinks)

- Vätamé > Vätaméf (Wind > Winds)

- Koxiryah > Koxiryahf (Chariot > Chariots)

Exceptions

• Words finished in "r":

Take of the "r" and increase "hf" and the stressed syllable will pass to be the last. Entretanto há alguns casos especiais:

- Imar > Imahf (Verb > Verbs)

- Ãjúhr > Ãjúhf (Mouth > Mouthes)

- Some words will be different on singular and equal in plural.

• Words finished in fricative consonants:

Take of consoant and increase "f". Normally the stressed syllable continue beeing the original. - Konus > Konuf (Dog > Dogs)

- Tchõss > Tchõf (Knowledge > Knowledges)

- Some words will be different on singular and equal in plural.

• Words finished in nasalised vowels:

May increase "nif" ([nif]) and take of the tilde or "f"([f]):

- Jã > Jãf/Janif (Vegetable > Vegetables)

Gender of JiyahêEdit

There are 3 genders:

• Ahra: Indicates beings that may be determinate biologically males. (Male).

• Raho: Indicates beings that may be determinate biologically females. (Female).

• Nat: Indicates beings that may not be determinate biologillay as male or female, that are inanimates or when you simplely don't know the gender of someone or something. (Neuter).

The words will be ever in Nat in sircûuf (dictionarys).

Nat to AhraEdit

Normally:

• Increase a "áw" to the word and the stressed syllable will be the last:

- Skwitx: Skwitxáw (Male or female squirrel > Male squirrel)

- Króhj: Króhjáw (Male or female frog > Male frog)

Extra cases:

• Words finished in a,ah,ã or â must be increased with w in Ahra and the stressed syllable will be the last.

- Lia: Liaw (Man or Woman > Man)

- Igriryah: Igriryahw (Male or female horse > Male horse)

• Words finished in iu,îu or íu must be increased with háw in Ahra and the stressed syllable will be the last.

- Lîu: Lîuháw (Male or female baby *Not human baby* > Male baby)

• Words finished in u must substute it by aw in Ahra and the stressed syllable will be the original of word.

- Mitu: Mitaw

• Words finished in ao,ão oráo must be increased with rw in Ahra and the stressed syllable will be the original of word.

- Kao > Kaorw (Male or female duck > Male duck)

Nat to RahoEdit

• Increase a "ás" to the word and the stressed syllable will be the original of word:

- Skwitx: Skwitxás (Male or female squirrel > Female squirrel)

- Króhj: Króhjás (Male or female frog > Female frog)

Extra cases:

• All plant will be female, independent of sufix.

- Jana (Three)

• Words finished in a,ah,ã,â,ao,ão or áo must be increased with s in Ahra and the stressed syllable will be the last.

- Lia: Lias (Man or Woman > Woman)

- Igriryah: Igriryahs (Male or female horse > Female horse)

- Kao: Kaos (Male or female duck > Female duck)

• Words finished in iu,îu or íu must be increased with ríi in Ahra and the stressed syllable will be the last.

- Lîu: Lîuríi (Male or female baby *Not human baby* > Male baby)

• Words finished in u must substute it by ûh in Raho and the stressed syllable will be the original of word.

- Mitu: Mitûh

VéhseraEdit

When "Véhsera" is a Jiyahê it means "servant".

All that qualifies, that gives a meaning or modifies this of an Jiyahê will be nominate as Véhsera. This type of word is no variable.

It has some subdivisions:

Kumáhy Véhsera (Normal adjectives)Edit

Indetinfication by meaning: When it's not one of listed below, it's a Kumáhy Véhsera.

Indentification by speling: All kumáhy véhsera finish with "y" and the stressed syllable is penultimate.

Ex: Sóhry (Relativo ao espelho/ao reflexo), Sóhrrky (Relativo a corte, cortante), tehxãy (Relativo a casa).

Dxonamahêy Véhsera (Numeral adjectives)Edit

Indetinfication by meaning: It's the adjective that qualifies a jiyahêy with a number.

Indentification by speling: All dxonamahêy véhsera finish with "ê" and the stressed syllable is penultimate.

Ex: Tyê (Fourth), Virôtyê (Twentieth).

Véhsera-tyei ("Circumstatial adjective")Edit

Indetinfication by meaning: It's the adjective that gives a circumstance to a subjective. Some prepositions is in this category.

Indentification by speling: There aren't, but normally the last syllable is stressed.

Ex: Îuãoy (above), Ohaoy (below), Mehsúy (Since).

Atermaty Véhsera (Conclused adjective)Edit

Indetinfication by meaning: Same meaning as adjectives with "-ed"

Indentification by speling: All kumáhy véhsera is verb+"aty" or substantive+"ék" and the stressed syllable is penultimate.

Ex: Sóhrtaty (Reflexed), Sóhrrkataty (Cut), farxehvaty (Populated).

PahéEdit

It's invariable that express emotion, sensation or spirit state and it acts about interlocutor/speaker without use complex linguistic strures.

The intonation of this term is extremly important, because the same term may be used to express diferent sensations, as:

Dáh: Express frustation or rage.

Other words in this classes are the tenses, exclamation and interrogatives senses (therms exclusives of "kãaki", more in Êecay'l áshia).

SuhjiyahêEdit

Each form of using will be explain with more details in another section.

Suhjiyahêy junahêyEdit

It seems to subject pronoums. They're: • First person (Singular - I)

- Yei/Ay: I

• Second person (Singular – You)

- Sô (Male)

- Suh (Female)

- Si (Male/Female/Neuter)

- Sinê ("You" to social classes above your)

• Third person (Singular – He, She)

- Taw (He)

- Tuh (She)

- Tô (He/She)

- Di/Ti/Ty (Animals and to Neuter Gender – It)

• First person (Plural - We)

- Ajík (includes all of ambient)

- Nahjík (determines one predefined group, implied durind the dialogue or exclude the receptor)

• Second person (Plural – You)

- Sôf (Male)

- Suhf (Female)

- Síh’a (Male/Female/Neuter)

- Sinér ("You" to social classes above your)

• Third person (Plural – They)

- Tawf (Male)

- Tuhf (Female)

- Tô (Male/Female/Neuter)

- Díh’a/Tíh’a/Tyh’a (Animals and to Neuter Gender – Male/Female/Neuter)

Suhjiyahêy veseréy-fyeiyEdit

It seems to object pronoums (sometimes). They're: • First person (Singular - Me)

- Myei/May: Me

• Second person (Singular – You)

- Sôk (Male)

- Suhk (Female)

- Sik (Male/Female/Neuter)

- Sinêk ("You" to social classes above your)

• Third person (Singular – Him, her)

- Tawk (Male)

- Tuhk (Female)

- Tôk (Male/Female/Neuter)

- Dik/Tik/Dihk/Tyk (Animals and to Neuter Gender – It)

• First person (Plural - US)

- Ajíkáf (includes all of ambient)

- Nahjíkáf (determines one predefined group, implied durind the dialogue or exclude the receptor)

• Second person (Plural – You)

- Sôkáf (Male)

- Suhkáf (Female)

- Síh’ak (Male/Female/Neuter)

- Sinérk ("You" to social classes above your)

• Third person (Plural – They)

- Tawkáf (Male)

- Tuhkáf (Female)

- Tôkáf (Male/Female/Neuter)

- Díh’ak/Tih’ak/Tyh’ak (Animals and to Neuter Gender – Male/Female/Neuter)

Suhjiyahêy veseféy-taoyEdit

It seems to object pronoums (another times). They're:

• First person (Singular - Me/I)

- Tér: Me

• Second person (Singular – You)

- Sóhr (Male)

- Suhr (Female)

- Sér (Male/Female/Neuter)

- Sinéhe ("You" to social classes above your)

• Third person (Singular – Him, her)

- Tawnni (Male)

- Tuhnni (Female)

- Tônni (Male/Female/Neuter)

- Dinni/Tinni/Dihnni/Tynni (Animals and to Neuter Gender – It)

• First person (Plural - US)

- Ajíkêe (includes all of ambient)

- Nahjíkêe (determines one predefined group, implied durind the dialogue or exclude the receptor)

• Second person (Plural – You)

- Sóhrêe (Male)

- Suhrêe (Female)

- Síkêe (Male/Female/Neuter)

- Sinéhef ("You" to social classes above your)

• Third person (Plural – They)

- Tawnêe (Male)

- Tuhnêe (Female)

- Tônnêe (Male/Female/Neuter)

- Díhnêe/Tinêe/Dihnêe/Tinêe (Animals and to Neuter Gender – Male/Female/Neuter)

ImarEdit

Imar are the words similar to verbs, it indicates actions. In "nominato" (infinitive), in local language the "nominato" is yiemehtûu. The tenses and verb conjugation will be explained in another section. In "nominato" the verbs will finish in t,d and v.

• Tehtit: Populate

• Fut: Inovate

• Fehst: There is/are

• Fyeid: Order

• Jäkad: Like

• Tehv: Arrive/Allow

• Farxehv: Populate

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Verbs

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English Kãaki
1IAy
2you (singular)si/sa/sô/sinê
3heTaw/tô
4weAjík/Nahjík
5you (plural)Sif/Saf/Sôf/Sinêf
6theyTawf/Tuhf/Tôf/Tyh'a/Dih'a/Tih'a
7thisTy
8thatTymmay
9hereXaté
10thereYaxté
11whoLi
12whatJika/Fika
13whereEyté/Eyt
14whenJiyô
15howOhtusey
16notJôh
17allNah
18manyFaydxo(y)
19someKãm(y)
20fewYiefdxo(y)
21otherJohtkã(y)
22oneYie/Yieao
23twoNyie/Nyieao
24threeMéh/Méh'a
25fourTyie/Téh'a
26fiveVàrrûu/Vàrra
27bigAfil(y)
28longAfisaoyy
29wideAfisaoy
30thickAfúma
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrowÃjusi
35thin
36womanImana/Lias
37man (adult male)Limã/Liaw
38man (human being)Lia
39childFul
40wife
41husband
42motherLohtãtas/Tãtyie
43fatherLohtãtaw/Lohtal
44animalKahê
45fishKahmyie
46birdKaveê
47dogKohnus
48louse
49snakeSmsmyei
50worm
51treeJana
52forestNîija
53stick
54fruitDahkmô
55seedAfijana
56leafDahkijana
57rootAojãnn
58bark
59flowerMímm
60grass
61ropeTisiw
62skin
63meat
64bloodLyiewmã
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hairAf'rôrra
72headAf'lyieeh
73earXôkatyat
74eyeKaydall
75noseMehtityat/Meht'tyat
76mouthÃjuhr
77toothAofyie
78tongue
79fingernail
80footDahkimyeik
81legOhaomyeik
82kneeLakraoshtyat
83handKõkorfus
84wing
85bellyEhfilyieh
86guts
87neckEêkaymm
88back
89breast
90heartLivära
91liver
92drink
93eatÃjuhrit
94biteAofyiev
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laughAofyiet
101seeDallit
102hearXôkit
103knowTchõt
104thinkVyei
105smellMehtita
106fear
107sleep
108liveAyhê
109dieVehst
110killVehsad
111fight
112hunt
113hitVärnat
114cutSóhrrko
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swimmãdat
120flyVäda
121walkBshest
122comeTad
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128giveKav
129holdVad
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tieFéhtrev
138sew
139count
140sayYeid
141sing
142play
143float
144flowFlorféhrita
145freeze
146swell
147sunXív
148moonVäbshyie
149star
150water
151rainMãkä
152riverAymã
153lake
154seaFaymã
155salt
156stoneKas
157sand
158dust
159earthAo
160cloud
161fog
162skyVarîu
163windVätamé
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fireFá/Xyeik
168ash
169burnXyeikiv
170roadBshes
171mountain
172redLimmé
173greenDaja
174yellowXyiemma
175whiteOmyei
176blackVrúmmy
177nightVrox
178dayXyie
179year
180warm
181coldTchyeis
182full
183newFumy
184old
185goodÃtehry
186badJôhtehry
187rotten
188dirty
189straightTísy
190round
191sharpSóhrrky
192dull
193smooth
194wetmãtaty
195dry
196correctDjär
197nearT'saoy
198far
199rightKustrkrrú
200leftMahkrrú
201at
202in
203with
204andiu
205ifÊek
206becauseVônis
207name


Example textEdit

ComentsEdit

Edit here to coment something that you find of interesting or some error gramatical of english (I'm Brazilian and I'm not so good with anglophones languages).

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