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Kăinin

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Kăinian language
Kăinin zĕetain 
Pronunciation: IPA: [kaʷinin zeʷeta͜in]
Spoken in: Kăinim, Sórdzo
Total speakers: 102 million
Language family: Katahôgu
 Western katahôgu
  Kauino-sordzian
   Kăinian language 
Official status
Official language of: Kăinim
Regulated by: Kăinimn zĕetain neākiki
Language codes
ISO 639-1: ka
ISO 639-2: kau
ISO 639-3: kau


General informationEdit

Kăinin is mainly spoken in the country of Kăinim.

PhonologyEdit

Kăinin have relatively simple phonetics. All vowels except "o" has a long and a short version. Long vowels are written with a macron over the letter (ā, ē, ū), the only exception is the long "i" which is written "iy". Ă and Ĕ are pronounced like A and E but with an almost silent "w-sound" after it. The ə-sound occurs only when "n" comes after another consonant, like in "kăinimn" [kaʷiniɱən]. The only difficult consonant is "m" which is pronounced [ɱ] (labiodental nasal).

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal ɱ n
Plosive p, b t, d k, (g) (ʔ)
Fricative s, z ɕ, (ʑ)
Affricate v ʝ
Approximant
Trill
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i
Near-close ʊ
Close-mid e o
Mid (ə)
Open-mid
Near-open æ
Open a
Kauinim (2)

The flag of Kăinim

AlphabetEdit

Kaualph

Kăinin Alphabet

Alphabet:


Aa [a]

Ăă [aʷ]

Bb [b]

Xx [ɕ]

Dd [d]

Ee [e]

Ĕĕ [eʷ]

Gg [g] (only used in loan-words.)

Hh [ʔ] (only used in onomatopoeia.)

Ii [i]

Kk [k]

Ll [l]

Mm [ɱ]

Nn [n]

Oo [o]

Pp [p]

Rr [ɾ]

Ss [s]

Tt [t]

Uu [ʊ]

Vv [v]

Yy [ʝ, i]

Zz [z]

Ʒʒ [ʑ] (rarely used.)


Other letters:

Āā [a:]

Ēē [e:, æ:]

Iy iy [i:]

Ūū [ʊ:]

PhonotacticsEdit

Consonant clusters are never longer than two letters. Most consonants are followed by a vowel.

DictionaryEdit

Numbers:

0     Sim 1     Ĕit
2     Zĕit 3     Nēit
4     Kāza 5     Xepit
6     Lăba 7     Tĕba
8     Kiymit 9     Iymit
10   Katy 11   Katy-ĕit
12   Katy-zĕit 13   Katy-nēit
14   Katy-kāza 15   Katy-xepit
16   Katy-lăba 17   Katy-tĕba
18   Katy-kiymit 19   Katy-iymit


Other words:

English Kăinin
Blue Pāzu
Yellow Xiyk
Red
Green Voyū
Blue-purple Pasaza
Red-purple Āndikă
Pink Rimi
White Ini
Black Udĕa
East Navam
West Ikam
South Pāzam
North Kăam
Man Neda
Woman Ikiyda
Boy Iypa
Girl Nim
Water Sipă
Fire Ătitki
Air Ūe
Iron Xăyă
Stone

GrammarEdit

Ĕnora - like

Ĕnora tek - to like

Ĕnorad - liking

Ĕnora tiy - (have) liked

Ĕnora tik - (I, she, he, they etc.) liked

Ĕnora nū - (had) liked

Ĕnora iy - (is going to) like


Kăra anmiy nim - Kăra is a girl

Kăra anmiy nim yo? - Is Kăra a girl?

Kăra anet nim e - Kăra is the girl

Nimn e kalxă an Kăra - The girl's name is Kăra

VocabularyEdit


No. English Kăinin
1I
2you (singular)Ta
3he
4weKiy
5you (plural)Tiy
6they
7thisEkā
8thatEt
9hereEkiyx
10thereEtiyx
11whoIoki
12whatYo/Ie
13whereIomiyx
14whenIoza
15howIose
16not
17allBapek
18manyNāly
19somePiyek
20fewPiyek
21otherSūm
22oneĔit
23twoZĕit
24threeNēit
25fourKāza
26fiveXepit
27big
28longĒxa
29wideKotiyka
30thickVozy
31heavyVoni
32smallPi
33shortYĕibe
34narrowUiyma
35thinLame
36womanImiyva
37man (adult male)Neda
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childMidat
40wifeVimim
41husbandEyāsim
42motherNāni
43fatherBābi
44animalMăibi
45fishLuyiyk
46birdBeyĕ
47dogPokă
48louseDopi
49snakeSiyk
50wormDomk
51treeKĕmeat
52forestTanăk
53stickTekike
54fruitPūvu
55seedRed
56leafYiylă
57rootKutatak
58barkRādu
59flowerXūynu
60grassVeyĕzi
61ropeZemsun
62skinSănit
63meatTĕey
64bloodLakă
65boneYu
66fatXenit
67eggIzum
68hornRĕsey
69tailKopo
70featherLāv
71hairMiyri
72headPām
73earViă
74eyeXāde
75noseMin
76mouthKēmu
77toothDaep
78tongueLūat
79fingernailMepiyk
80footPāsi
81legTēytet
82kneeOvit
83handĀp
84wingĔună
85bellyImă
86gutsDexut
87neckVāyăp
88backLiyzi
89breastNatu
90heartTetăka
91liverBūyuri
92drinkLāta
93eatAyka
94biteNiydi
95suckNĕu
96spitTixa
97vomitVăpu
98blowXavi
99breatheSāva
100laughĂya
101seeĔe
102hearAbi
103knowXipi
104thinkDiāe
105smellIvi
106fearVăiype
107sleepYūnu
108liveIyla
109dieMebu
110killXăka
111fightDăzu
112huntKutke
113hitTae
114cutƷāti
115splitZĕite
116stabNēti
117scratchXūzuke
118digVăna
119swimOyoe
120flyLavă
121walkPĕi
122comeUāxu
123lieYiya
124sitLesūe
125standĂasi
126turnMăkxi
127fallTuyēa
128giveZiri
129holdMovi
130squeezeYoyo
131rubSuniy
132washLoūnu
133wipeSēvsă
134pullVopo
135pushZăka
136throwSbūi
137tieNakipa
138sewNoyi
139countTetepa
140sayZĕa (Zĕeta)
141singAvā
142playViyma
143floatPăyi
144flowSodi
145freezeXiy
146swellBăsvi
147sunĀisi
148moonUyĕy
149starIzin
150waterSipă
151rainViyra
152riverNemta
153lakePoy
154seaĀkian
155saltĔm
156stone
157sandMālu
158dustVan
159earthDūki
160cloudAūn
161fogZizu
162skyOn
163windVūdam
164snowIr
165iceEziyr
166smokeBovău
167fireĂtitki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnUnyazi
170roadSānzyn
171mountainTāyok
172red
173greenVoyū
174yellowXiyk
175whiteIni
176blackUdĕa
177nightLuyu
178daySēam
179yearŪkun
180warmĂsa
181coldIysa
182fullKea
183newRĕe
184oldYae
185goodXiriy
186badNēnu
187rottenKūlu
188dirtyXixi
189straightLoyoya
190roundMăkti
191sharpTeza
192dullAsi
193smoothLăe
194wet
195dryBĕesa
196correctSapxe
197nearVanva
198farMeāya
199rightUipam
200leftNăpam
201atOysĕ
202inĂ
203withĔ
204andĂe
205if
206becauseEtā
207namekalxă


Example textEdit

Tăsūyak anete sūyak ă diyĕemn sūvid eta xēmad ĕ kiy xēma tik kated ūxati.

Stone Age is the period in human history that begun when they started making tools.

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