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Kŭnyan
Kŭnyan
Type Agglutinating
Alignment Ergative-Absolutive
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 0
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words  ? of 1500
Creator tmasters04

IntroductionEdit

Kŭnyan (meaning from inside of the people) is a constructed language spoken by the fictional race of Almyan (meaning from inside of God (Alm)). The Almyan live in the lands of Almŭl Ash (Literally God's Land) and are a very religious race with blue skin and the ability to use magic.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d k ʔ
Fricative ɸ f v θ ð s ç x
Approximant j w
Trill
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l (and lʰ)
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i u
Near-close ɪ
Close-mid ø o
Mid
Open-mid ɛ ʌ
Near-open
Open ɑ

PhonotacticsEdit

Always a ʔ (glottal stop) inbetween vowels

Writing SystemEdit

InformationEdit

The Kŭnyan writing system is similar to Arabic (it is written from left to right though) and there is a front, middle and end form. It is cursive and so all the letters go together. The vowels are inflected below or above the consonant that is before them.

Consonants:

Kule
Kule2

Vowels:

Kuvo

RomanizationEdit

IPA m n k ʔ p b t d ɸ f v θ  ð s
Written m n k ` p b t d f' f v th th' s
IPA ç x j ɾ l/lʰ w i u ɪ o ɛ ø ʌ ɑ
Written c x y r l/lh w i ū ĭ o e ŭ a' a

Grammar Edit

NounsEdit

Nouns in Kŭnyan are incredibly difficult because there are an incredibly large amount of cases:

Using ac (earth) as an example:

Ergative Person doing a transitive verb (TV) ac
Absolutive Object of TV or doing ITV acŭn
Genitive Possessive (earth's) acŭl
Translatative Turned into ... kacte
Inessive In ... ĭmacte
Elative From inside ... acyan
Illative Into ... acyon
Adessive At ... acekūm
Willingness Willing (I did... to him(fix) shows wanted it) dra'dac
Unwilling fa'dac
? In/at to do with time xac
Comparative  Better than... keyac
Comparative Worse than... neyac
Ablative From outside ... acyo
Abessive Without... acten
Allative Towards... towac
Using... ŭsac
Comitative With... wac
Terminative As far as... pa'rac
Ablative (2) About... borac
Benefactive/Dative

For the benefit of / to/for

faktac
Causal Because of... ka'sakac
Possessed If something is owned by someone (... is owned {by...}) ūlac
Identical The same as... lhadac
Plural ...s acen

Usage of Cases Edit

Erg/Abs is always the first affix, then plural and then any others.

If the word you are adding to starts with a plosive or nasal and the prefix ends with a plosive or nasal then you should either remove the last letter or add an 'a' if this is not possible. For example: fakt- (benefactive) + daskon (woods) = faktdaskon which is incorrect. Here you should add an 'a' as removing the 't' would still leave the 'd' there. So faktadaskon is correct. Another example is ka'sak- (causal) + daskon = ka'sakdaskon which is incorrect. Here you should remove the last letter ('k') so you would get ka'sadaskon. To recap, if you can remove the last letter but if not, add an 'a'.

If the word you are adding to ends with a plosive or nasal and the suffix starts with a plosive or nasal then you should add a 'ŭ'. For example: aned (hand) + -ten (abessive) = anedten which is incorrect. So you add a 'ŭ' and it becomes anedŭten.

For both of these instances, if the two plosives/nasals are the same then only one of them is kept. So if there is a double t then you should remove one.

PronounsEdit

There are 4 tribes of Almyan (for the sake of simplicity I will call them Red, Green, Blue and Yellow). Each has its own set of pronouns:

1. Your own tribe: 

Singular Plural
I alme(m)/fela(f) We almak/felak
You ūda You ūdak
He/she/it yen They yena'k

2. Red Tribe:

There is no need to say I or we using other tribe's pronouns. You would always use the pronouns for I and we in the first set of pronouns (#1)

Singular Plural
You drū You -k
He/she/it tre They -k

3. Green tribe:

Singular Plural
You lelh You -ūn
He/she/it almsun They -a

4. Blue Tribe:

Singular Plural
You xre You -t
He/she/it kal They -t

5. Yellow Tribe:

Singular Plural
You thūm You -an
He/she/it th'an They -an

TO BE CONTINUED...

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