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Kalemic

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Kalemic
'
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Nominative–accusative
Head direction
First
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


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General informationEdit

  • Old look of the word "Semitic people"
  • New look
Kalemic is a language spoken by Kalemic people on Sinai peninsula,

Old AlphabetsEdit

Kalemic Alphabet
There are 26 letters in Kalemic, each of them has at most 4 different forms according to their position in a word.
Kalemic Name Transf. IPA Kalemic Name Transf. IPA
Alif
Alif a, ' /ʔ/ or /a/
Pal
Pal p /p/
Bat
Bat b /b/
Ṣaw
Ṣaw ṡ (sx) /sˁ/
Gom
Gom g /g/
Ra
Ra r /ɻ/
Dal
Dal d /d/
Šay
Šay š (sh) /ʃ/
Hal
Hal h /x/
Tus
Tus t /t/
Was
Was w /w/
Řon
Řon ř (rr) /r/
Zay
Zay z /z/
Ḍos
Ḍos ḍ (dx) /dˁ/
Jun
Jun j /dʒ/
Žin
Žin ž (zh) /ʒ/
Vad
Vad v /v/
Qod
Qod q /tʃ/
Yad
Yad y /j/
Fa
Fa f /f/
Kef
Kef k /k/
Sig
Sig s /s/
Lam
Lam l /l/
Ṭis
Ṭis ṭ (tx) /tˁ/
Mis
Mis m /m/
Nis
Nis n /n/

New AlphabetsEdit

Alphabet-New
After the reform of Kalemic orthography, the number of possible forms of alphabets has decreaded. That is to say, there are more space for more alphabets.

Most of their names and pronounciations are the same, but the look is different.

DigraphEdit

Also there are new digraphs: Tsayad, Dzodd, Xaf, Cud, Azinta.

Auxs

Reduplication of ConsonantsEdit

New orthography preserved the feature "reduplication of consonats" by using the indicator "Nubb". That is, once there are two "Nubb"s after a consonant, one should repeat the consonant and add a vowel /ɨ/ between the repeated consonants. This is often used for grammar need.

  • Dayete (tree), Dayett (forest)
  • Rramudad (decide), Rramudadd (decision)

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Emphatic Alv. Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m /m/ n /n/
Plosive p /p/, b /b/ t /t/, d /d/ ṭ /tˁ/, ḍ /dˁ/ k /k/, g /g/ ' /ʔ/
Fricative f /f/, v /v/ s /s/, z /z/ ṣ /sˁ/ š /ʃ/, ž /ʒ/ h /x/
Affricate q /tʃ/, j /dʒ/
Approximant r /ɻ/ y /j/ w /w/
Thrill ř /r/
Lateral app. l /l/

VowelsEdit

Front Back
Close i /i/ u /ɯ/
Mid o /o/
Open a /a/

VerbEdit

Verbs in Kalemic, like Arabic, are usually triliteral. Yet there are several forms derivated from the root template:

Form IEdit

The most basic form of a verb. There is no difference between form I and its root.

  • t-k-t (to give birth to)
  • d-f-g (to write)
  • sh-p-zh (to kill)

Form IIEdit

This stem is formed by reduplicating the first consonant of the root. This form usually represents for massive scale of the verb.

  • tt-k-t (to lay (eggs))
  • dd-f-g (to research)
  • shsh-p-zh (to massacre)

Form IIIEdit

This stem is formed by reduplicating the second consonant of the root. This form usually represents for the cause of the verb.

  • t-kk-t (to impregnant)
  • d-ff-g (to start to write)
  • sh-pp-zh (to arm)

Form IVEdit

Form VEdit

VocabularyEdit

Example textEdit

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