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| Name: Kant Go
Type: Synthetic and isolated
Head Direction: Right
Number of genders: 2
Kant Go is a language inspired in english, japanese and spanish. The word kant go means "Kant language".
Alphabet and PhonologyEdit
The alphabet order is: A, B, G, D, E, Z, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, V, F, X, W. Also there are clusters like ts, xl, tl, sl, etc. which have different sounds.
|a||[ɑ] [ə]||i||[i] [ɥ] [ɪ]||p||[p]||x||[ʧ]|
|e||[ɛ] [ə]||m||[ɱ]||u||[u] [ɥ] [ʊ]||ts||[ʦ]|
Vowels have a length diacritic with an accent ( ´ ): á[ɑː], é[ɛː], i [iː], o[ɔː], u[uː]. The vowels i and u sounds like glides, [j] and [ɥ] respectively, when go before another vowel (ua, ia, ue, ie, uó, io, ui, iu).
The nouns have declination of number and gender. The gender only applies for people or animals that have sex distinction like: regu [men], kati [female cat], inuo [dog], inue [bitch]. In nouns the primary stress always falls in the penultimate syllable (re'ge).
|d, z, t, tl||-i||-ie||-o||-oi|
|sl, x, xl, ps||-u||-ui||-i||-ie|
The nouns for objects or abstract concepts use gender declination to change the meaning like: turu [tool], ture [toolbox], oiru [gasoline], oire [oil], wóku [work], wóke [worker], mosku [mosquito], moski [fly]. Other abstract concepts has no declination: go [language].
Adjectives in Nouns.Edit
Nouns can be modified by adjectives. Kant Go adjectives modifies a noun, a verb or another adjective. Adjectives has no declination and only precedes the noun.
Some adjectives (as idioms) paired with an specific noun changes its meaning: étlo [ground], pome [apple], étl pome [potatoe].
More than one adjective can be added to the noun: rir étl pome [little potatoe], fersl rir rege [happy little girl].
Usually it is used for adverb-like meaning adjectives. Also there are comples nouns used as adjectives like: rousl hedo [redhead], saitl pénuo [sharpener]. Use postposition ti. Eg. rir rousl ti hed rege [little redhead girl].
There is an article for definitiveness. The object is visible or present. The article is da. Eg.: da inuo [the dog (I see)].
Verbs have tense and aspect. Infinitive verbs can be used as noun (action nouns), for compound verbs or for mood expression. Add -s for verbs ended in vowel or -a for verbs ended in consonant. Eg: córa [run], gos [go].
The verbs always need a subject for conjugation. The subject is always attached to the verb as a single word. The present tense is simply attaching the subject to the verb: inuo-cór [A dog-runs]. The hyphen ( - ) is only to differentiate between subject and verb only. The stress falls in the penultimate syllable.
Subject-Verb word change its stress to the last syllable. The past tense has an apostrophe at the end of the word ( ' ). Eg. : Imuocor' (Imuocor')[Some dogs-ran].
Subject declination changes to a future form. Eg: Isuocor [Some dogs-will run].
Future Declination Table
|d, z, t, tl||-e||-ei||-u||-ui|
|sl, x, xl, ps||-o||-oi||-e||-ei|
It's a mixture between past tense stress and future declination form. Eg.: Regocor' [A man-would run].
It only add the suffix -s/-as if word ends with s. Eg.: Inuomansl [A dog-is eating], Regoimansl' [Some men-would be eating], Inuocor' [A dog-was running]
Add the suffix -n/-an if ends with n. You can mix gerung and particple using -ns/-ans if ends with n or s. Eg.: Regecorns [A women-has been running].
An adjective always go after the subjec-verb and before when it's infinitive. Eg.: kuik cora [quick run], Inuocor kuik [ A dog-runs quickly].
The negative form is form by adding the suffix -eu/-m. For participle, gerund and gerund-participle the suffix changes to -eun/-eus/-euns. Eg.: Inuomansleun [A dog-hasn't eat].
Pronouns presents number, gender and person distinction. The pronouns are different from subject, object and possessive.
These pronouns have to be attached to the verb. Subject pronouns are adjunct suffixes of the verb for 1st and 2nd person. Different from english and spanish, Kant Go has gender in 1st and 2nd person.
When you have gerund or participle in the verb, you add pronouns at the very last position. Eg: córnia [I (male) has run], córianeu [I (male) hasn't run], gonsaus mansla [Y'all (female) has been going to eat (restaurant)].
The 3rd person pronouns are prefixes. Also there is an undetermined genre here, it is for objects or animals.
Eg: icóreus [It isn't running], iamansleu' [They (male) didn't eat].
The pronouns changes when it is the future tense like noun declination. Subjunctive is the same for pronouns.
Eg.: ecóreus [It will not be running], eamansleus' [They wouldn't be eating].
These pronouns goes in the object part of the sentences and are treated properly as nouns.
Use for pronouns in ther possessive case. You use the same object pronouns but you treat them as adjectives. Eg.: mai inuo [my dog], vas pomei [their (female) apples].
The sentence has the structure OSV. The object always precedes the subject-verb. There are other gramatical cases that uses adpositions and postposition. First go adpostional or postpositional cases, then object, at last subject-verb, and maybe at last the illocution particle.
xlu miria [I see you]
mai inuo podia mira [I can see my dog].
Kant Go spikia [I speak Kanto Go]
Using verb des [to be].Edit
The verb des' describes qualities (adjectives), identities (nouns) or possessions (adjectives). When the object is a noun it goes at the begining, but if is an adjectives the word goes aftes verb. Eg.: Inuodes mai [The dog is mine], audes bei [She's cute], wóke audes [She's a worker], go Kant Godes [Kant Go is a language].
Using verb iru [there are].Edit
There is a verb for identifying objects. Spanish and japanese have verbs for "there are". No subject are needed. The verb iru has a noun declination but is a verb. The gender declination depends the gender of the speaker. Eg: wóku irum [There hasn't been work], mansli iro [There will be food (male)].
Using verb stáEdit
The verb describe places where the subject doesn't move. Spanish have a similar verb "estar". The object need one of the locative adpositions. Eg.: oir steislni státsua [I'm in the gas station], xlafren státsia [I'm in front of you]. The locatives cases will be shown later.
The interrogative has a particle at the end of the sentence. There's no intonation as english. The particle is ne. You can use the correlatives for question.
Eg: inuo podau tenga ne [Can you have a dog?], hu ides ne [who is this?/what is this?]
Only occurs when you have 3 participants in the sentences. It's the recipient. The adposition used is -to-. It's positioned in the object order.Eg.:
regtonue mune aida. [He gave the doll to a girl.].
Besides possesive pronouns, there is a case for ownership. The adposition used is -no-. Eg.: mai pattromuo da regno inuo datsialeu' ne [Did I give the man's dog to my parents?].
Describes a place where the noun is or the event occurs and has the adposition -ni-. It is treated as an adjective. Eg.: vasto da bukui datsia' buk biurtni. [I gave her the books at the library]