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Kant Go

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Name: Kant Go

Type: Synthetic and isolated

Alignment: Nominative-Accusative

Head Direction: Right

Number of genders: 2

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Kant Go is a language inspired in english, japanese and spanish. The word kant go means "Kant language".

Alphabet and PhonologyEdit

The alphabet order is: A, B, G, D, E, Z, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, V, F, X, W. Also there are clusters like ts, xl, tl, sl, etc. which have different sounds.

Alphabet
Letter IPA Letter IPA Letter IPA Letter IPA
a [ɑ] [ə] i [i] [ɥ] [ɪ] p [p] x [ʧ]
b [v] j [ʤ] r [ɾ] w [w]
g [g] k [k] s [s] sl [ʃ]
d [d] l N/A t [t] tl [θ]
e [ɛ] [ə] m [ɱ] u [u] [ɥ] [ʊ] ts [ʦ]
z [ʣ] n [n] v [ʋ] xl [tʰ]
h [h] o [ɔ] f [f]



Vowels have a length diacritic with an accent ( ´ ): á[ɑː], é[ɛː], i [iː], o[ɔː], u[uː]. The vowels i and u sounds like glides, [j] and [ɥ] respectively, when go before another vowel (ua, ia, ue, ie, uó, io, ui, iu).


Diphtongues
Phoneme IPA Phoneme IPA Phoneme IPA
ae ɔə ea ɛə oa oe ɔə
ai ɑɪ ei ɛɪ oi ɔɪ
au ɑʊ eu ɛʊ ou ɔʊ
ao ɑɔ eo ɛɔ

NounsEdit

The nouns have declination of number and gender. The gender only applies for people or animals that have sex distinction like: regu [men], kati [female cat], inuo [dog], inue [bitch]. In nouns the primary stress always falls in the penultimate syllable (re'ge).

Declination Table
Ends with Femenine Masculine
singular plural singular plural
vowel -nue -mue -/nuo -muo
m n -o -oi -e -ei
d, z, t, tl -i -ie -o -oi
sl, x, xl, ps -u -ui -i -ie
other consonant -e -ei -u -ui


The nouns for objects or abstract concepts use gender declination to change the meaning like: turu [tool], ture [toolbox], oiru [gasoline], oire [oil], wóku [work], wóke [worker], mosku [mosquito], moski [fly]. Other abstract concepts has no declination: go [language].

Adjectives in Nouns.Edit

Nouns can be modified by adjectives. Kant Go adjectives modifies a noun, a verb or another adjective. Adjectives has no declination and only precedes the noun.

Some adjectives (as idioms) paired with an specific noun changes its meaning: étlo [ground], pome [apple], étl pome [potatoe].

More than one adjective can be added to the noun: rir étl pome [little potatoe], fersl rir rege [happy little girl].

Modifying Adjectives.Edit

Usually it is used for adverb-like meaning adjectives. Also there are comples nouns used as adjectives like: rousl hedo [redhead], saitl pénuo [sharpener]. Use postposition ti. Eg. rir rousl ti hed rege [little redhead girl].

Article.Edit

There is an article for definitiveness. The object is visible or present. The article is da. Eg.: da inuo [the dog (I see)].

VerbsEdit

Verbs have tense and aspect. Infinitive verbs can be used as noun (action nouns), for compound verbs or for mood expression. Add -s for verbs ended in vowel or -a for verbs ended in consonant. Eg: córa [run], gos [go].

Present TenseEdit

The verbs always need a subject for conjugation. The subject is always attached to the verb as a single word. The present tense is simply attaching the subject to the verb: inuo-cór [A dog-runs]. The hyphen ( - ) is only to differentiate between subject and verb only. The stress falls in the penultimate syllable.

Past Tense.Edit

Subject-Verb word change its stress to the last syllable. The past tense has an apostrophe at the end of the word ( ' ). Eg. : Imuocor' (Imuocor')[Some dogs-ran].

Future Tense.Edit

Subject declination changes to a future form. Eg: Isuocor [Some dogs-will run].

Future Declination Table

Ends with Femenine Masculine
singular plural singular plural
vowel -sl -slue -s -suo
m n -u -ui -i -ie
d, z, t, tl -e -ei -u -ui
sl, x, xl, ps -o -oi -e -ei
other consonant -i -ie -o -oi

SubjunctiveEdit

It's a mixture between past tense stress and future declination form. Eg.: Regocor' [A man-would run].

GerundEdit

It only add the suffix -s/-as if word ends with s. Eg.: Inuomansl [A dog-is eating], Regoimansl' [Some men-would be eating], Inuocor' [A dog-was running]

Participle.Edit

Add the suffix -n/-an if ends with n. You can mix gerung and particple using -ns/-ans if ends with n or s. Eg.: Regecorns [A women-has been running].

Modifying Verbs.Edit

An adjective always go after the subjec-verb and before when it's infinitive. Eg.: kuik cora [quick run], Inuocor kuik [ A dog-runs quickly].

Negatives.Edit

The negative form is form by adding the suffix -eu/-m. For participle, gerund and gerund-participle the suffix changes to -eun/-eus/-euns. Eg.: Inuomansleun [A dog-hasn't eat].

PronounsEdit

Pronouns presents number, gender and person distinction. The pronouns are different from subject, object and possessive.

Subject PronounsEdit

These pronouns have to be attached to the verb. Subject pronouns are adjunct suffixes of the verb for 1st and 2nd person. Different from english and spanish, Kant Go has gender in 1st and 2nd person.

Pronoun Suffixes
Person Femenine Masculine
singular plural singular plural
1st -tsua/-ua -tsaus/-aus -tsia/-ia tsiai/-ias
2nd -tsau/-au -tsaus/-aus -tsai/-ai -tsais/-ais

When you have gerund or participle in the verb, you add pronouns at the very last position. Eg: córnia [I (male) has run], córianeu [I (male) hasn't run], gonsaus mansla [Y'all (female) has been going to eat (restaurant)].

The 3rd person pronouns are prefixes. Also there is an undetermined genre here, it is for objects or animals.

Person Femenine Masculine Undetermined
singular plural singular plural
3rd au- ua- ai ia- i-

Eg: icóreus [It isn't running], iamansleu' [They (male) didn't eat].

The pronouns changes when it is the future tense like noun declination. Subjunctive is the same for pronouns.

Person Femenine Masculine Undetermined
singular plural singular plural
1st -tsoa/-oa -tsaos/-aos -tsea/-ea tseas/-eas
2nd -tsou/-ao -tsaos/-aos -tsae/-ae -tsaes/-aes
3rd ao- oa- ae- ea- e-

Eg.: ecóreus [It will not be running], eamansleus' [They wouldn't be eating].

Object Pronouns.Edit

These pronouns goes in the object part of the sentences and are treated properly as nouns.

Person Femenine Masculine Undetermined
singular plural singular plural
1st mie mies mai os
2nd xla ja xlu ju
3rd vas vaz vos voz dat


Possessive PronounsEdit

Use for pronouns in ther possessive case. You use the same object pronouns but you treat them as adjectives. Eg.: mai inuo [my dog], vas pomei [their (female) apples].

SyntaxEdit

The sentence has the structure OSV. The object always precedes the subject-verb. There are other gramatical cases that uses adpositions and postposition. First go adpostional or postpositional cases, then object, at last subject-verb, and maybe at last the illocution particle.

xlu miria [I see you]

mai inuo podia mira [I can see my dog].

Kant Go spikia [I speak Kanto Go]

Using verb des [to be].Edit

The verb des' describes qualities (adjectives), identities (nouns) or possessions (adjectives). When the object is a noun it goes at the begining, but if is an adjectives the word goes aftes verb. Eg.: Inuodes mai [The dog is mine], audes bei [She's cute], wóke audes [She's a worker], go Kant Godes [Kant Go is a language].

Using verb iru [there are].Edit

There is a verb for identifying objects. Spanish and japanese have verbs for "there are". No subject are needed. The verb iru has a noun declination but is a verb. The gender declination depends the gender of the speaker. Eg: wóku irum [There hasn't been work], mansli iro [There will be food (male)].

Using verb stáEdit

The verb describe places where the subject doesn't move. Spanish have a similar verb "estar". The object need one of the locative adpositions. Eg.: oir steislni státsua [I'm in the gas station], xlafren státsia [I'm in front of you]. The locatives cases will be shown later.

InterrogativeEdit

The interrogative has a particle at the end of the sentence. There's no intonation as english. The particle is ne. You can use the correlatives for question.

Eg: inuo podau tenga ne [Can you have a dog?], hu ides ne [who is this?/what is this?]

Gramatical CasesEdit

Dative.Edit

Only occurs when you have 3 participants in the sentences. It's the recipient. The adposition used is -to-. It's positioned in the object order.Eg.:

regtonue mune aida. [He gave the doll to a girl.].

Possesive.Edit

Besides possesive pronouns, there is a case for ownership. The adposition used is -no-. Eg.: mai pattromuo da regno inuo datsialeu' ne [Did I give the man's dog to my parents?].

Locative.Edit

Describes a place where the noun is or the event occurs and has the adposition -ni-. It is treated as an adjective. Eg.: vasto da bukui datsia' buk biurtni. [I gave her the books at the library]

Swadesh ListEdit

===


No. English Kant Go
1Imai (male), mie (female)
2you (singular)xlu (male), xla (female)
3hevos (male), vas (female)
4weos (male), mies (female)
5you (plural)ju (male), ja (female)
6theyvoz (male), vaz (female)
7thisdis (adj), disu (male), dise (female)
8thatdous (adj), dousu (male), douse (female)
9heredisni
10theredousni
11whohunuo (male), hunue (female)
12whathu
13wherehuni
14whenhusa
15howhu ti, hu (adj)
16not-eu (suff)
17alloru
18manymoxi
19someargu
20fewpoku
21otherotlo
22oneai
23twovai
24threevaivi
25fouraivi
26fivevi
27bigbig (adj)
28longróngu (adj)
29wideansl (adj)
30thickgruesu (adj)
31heavypsad(adj)
32smallrir
33shortrir
34narrowgost
35thintlin
36womanrege
37man (adult male)regu
38man (human being)reg ento
39childnine (boy), nino (girl)
40wifespouse
41husbandspousu
42motherpati
43fatherpato
44animalanme
45fishfisli
46birdbédo
47dogdogu
48louseliendru
49snakesneiku
50wormlombru
51treearbu
52forestbosku
53stickparu
54fruitfruto
55seedsido
56leaflohu
57rootraizo
58barkkortsu
59flowerfraw
60grasspasto
61ropekuédo
62skinpieru
63meatmito
64bloodbrodo
65boneluesu
66fatgratsu
67eggwegu
68hornkuerne
69tailkore
70featherprume
71hairhénuo
72headhedo
73earrehu
74eyeohu
75nosenarsu
76mouthmautlo
77toothdiento
78tonguerengu
79fingernailuine
80footpie
81legpierne
82kneenínuo
83handmane
84wingwingu
85bellypanzo
86gutsbofu
87neckkueje
88backsparu
89breastxesto
90heartháto
91liverrinju
92drinkdrinku
93eatmansla
94bitebaita
95sucksoka
96spitspita
97vomitvomta
98blowsopra
99breatheriento
100laughries
101seemira
102hearoja
103knownous
104thinkpensa
105smellluera
106fearfís
107sleepsripa
108liveriva
109diemuera
110killmóda
111fightfaita
112huntkatla
113hitgorpa
114cutkóta
115splitsprita
116stabpunja
117scratchraska
118dighora étl
119swimnada
120flyvuera
121walkkamna
122comevena
123liemienta
124sitsenta
125standpara
126turnhira
127fallkaes
128givedas
129holdhorda
130squeezeprieta
131rubfriega
132washrava
133wipewaipa
134pullhara
135pushpuha
136throwransa
137tieata
138sewkosa
139countkuenta
140saydesla
141singsinga
142playhuega
143floatfrota
144flowfruja
145freezejera
146swellgrous
147sunsoru
148moonmuno
149starxluare
150watermizo
151rainjuvu
152riverrionuo
153lakeragu
154sea
155saltsarto
156stonepiedru
157sandarne
158dustporvu
159earthétlo
160cloudnubu
161fognube
162skytlieru
163windvento
164snownievu
165icejeru
166smokelume
167firefairu
168ashtlensli
169burnfaira
170roadroudo
171mountainmaunto
172redrousl (adj)
173greenmirxli (adj)
174yellowmarj (adj)
175whitewait (adj)
176blacknegr (adj)
177nightnaito
178daydei
179year
180warmtipsu
181coldfresl (adj)
182fulljen (adj)
183newnuev (adj)
184oldord (adj)
185goodgud (adj)
186badmar (adj)
187rottenpéd (adj)
188dirtysus (adj)
189straightderx (adj)
190roundbor (adj)
191sharpsláp (adj)
192dulleu ti brait (adj)
193smoothsuav (adj)
194wetmiz (adj)
195dryeu ti miz (adj)
196correctrait (adj)
197nearér (adj)
198farfótl (adj)
199rightraict (adj)
200leftsniest (adj)
201at-at (adp)
202in-ni (adp)
203withkon (prep)
204andi (conj)
205ifif (conj)
206becausekoz (prep)
207nameneime

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