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Kapanian Arabic

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Kapanian Arabic
Morphological Type: Fusional
Morphosyntactic Alignment: Nominative-Accusative
Linguistic Head: Head Initial
Word Order: SOV
Made by: Maxseptillion77

General InformaitonEdit

Named after the Armenian province in which the small Arabic-speaking community migrated to. I know that this is highly improbable, but that's not the point of this. 


PhonologyEdit

ConsonantEdit

Labial Alveolar Post-Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Nasal m n (ŋ)
Plosive (p) b t d k g ʔ
Fricative f vʷ~w s z ʃ ʒ χ~x ʁ~ɣ ħ ʕ
Approximate l r j

VowelEdit

Front Central Back
Close i ɪ u
Close-Mid ɵ~ə
Open-Mid ʌ

GrammarEdit

VerbEdit

Verbs have five parts based in triliteral roots: the present tense, the perfect tense, the gerund, the active perfect participle, and the passive perfect participle. 

ConjugationEdit

Person and NumberEdit

Verbs have a suffix that agrees with the subject's person and number.

1st 2nd 3rd
Mas Fem Mas Fem
Singular -ʔă- ـأَـ -ta- ـتَـ -te- ـتِـ -t- ـتـ
Dual -tŭmă- ـتمَـ
Plural -nă- ـنَـ -túm ـتُومـ -túnnă ـتُنَّـ -ú- ـوُـ -á- ـَاـ
Mood, Voice, and TenseEdit

Tense and voice depend on the arrangement of vowels in between the consonants. 

Present Perfect
Active Passive Active Passive
Indicative ăCCúC
Subjunctive
Jussive
Energetic



Sound ChangesEdit

Classical > Kapanian

C : consonant | V : vowel | % : intervocalic | ` : unstressed | ´ : stressed | P : plosives

q > g
{tˤ dˤ} > d̥ˤ
{sˤ zˤ} > z̥ˤ
{θ ð} > {t d}
V̀ > ∅ / %
{a: i: u:} > {a i u}
w > v
dʒ > ʒ
P: > P
Vr > rV
{m n ŋ}CV > {mb nd ŋg}CV
{à ì ù} > {ə ɪ ɵ̞}
á > ʌ
ə > ɵ̞



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