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| Kauf's proto-language |
|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
Classification and DialectsEdit
Welp, that about does it. (c)
Let's say it's a language in some backwater o' da world which was colonized by Brits or some other island 'humpers who
had a Windows PC liked to colonize lands and had their own alphabet already. So the orthography will be pretty minimalistic.
By T7 aka Marek Szymonski.
|Nasal||m <m>||n nʷ <n nw>||ŋ <ng>|
|Plosive||p b <p b>||t d tʷ dʷ <t d tw dw>||k g kʷ gʷ <k w kw gw>|
|Fricative||ɸ <ф>||f <f>||s sʷ <s sw>||ʂ ʂʷ <sh shw>||ħ ħʷ <x xw>|
|Affricate||tɬ tɬʷ <tl tlw>||tʂ tʂʷ <ch chw>|
|Approximant||ʋ ʋ̥ <v vh>||ɰ ɰ̥ <w wh>||ʕ ʕʷ <h hw>|
|Lateral||l lʷ <l lw>||ɫ ɫʷ <ll llw>|
|Lateral fric.||ɬ ɬʷ <lh lhw>|
|High||i <i>||ɨ <y>||ɯ u <eu u>|
|e ø <e eo>|
|Low||ɑ ɒ <a aa>|
Naturally, there's also a tone system. Every vowel has three tones: high [á], low [à] and neutral [a]. Labialization is triggered by the disappearance of a rounded vowel and by a consonant preceding any tonal rounded vowel (note [ɸ] and [ʋ] are the labialized versions of [f] and [ɰ]- though [ʋ] does occur independently, while [ɸ] does not.
Diphthongs include any vowel followed by any short mid-to-high vowel. The first vowel must be in a different place of articulation than the second.
Legal onsets consist of C, C [+app/lateral], [+obstruent] [+pharyngeal], [+fricative] [+obstruent] ([+app/lateral]), [+obstruent] [+nasal +heterorganic] and nothing.
Nuclei only consist of vowels. Only one tonal vowel may exist per root.
Legal codas include C [+plosive], [-obstruent] C, and nothing.
Both approximants and fricatives agree in voice with a preceding plosive (note that ʕ serves as a voiced ħ and vice versa.) Outside of this rule, voiced fricatives do not exist- approximants, however, do distinguish voicing in independent positions.