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Kazcadian

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Name: Kazcadian

Type: Analytical with Derivationally Synthetic characteristics

Alignment: Nom Acc

Head Direction: Final

Number of genders: Ø

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Classification and DialectsEdit

Kazcadian is descended from Tharfish, a dialect of english.  It is spoken in the Cascadia region of the United States and Canada.  The most significant differences between Tharfish and Kazcadian are the spelling and grammar changes, along with simplification of the vocabulary.  Kazcadian has been somewhat influenced by the native languages of the area as well.  Some of the sound changes are relative to sounds that have been lost in the english language.  These will not be given in IPA but instead in their English spelling.  For example, gh in night is not pronounced anymore.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal n
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v θ s z ʒ ç
Affricate t͡s t͡ʃ d͡ʒ
Tap ɾ
Approximant ɹ
Lateral app. l

Sound ChangesEdit

Standard Tharfish > Cascadian Tharfish

Sound Simplifications take place here

kh gh > ç

ks > cç

sh > (diverges into zh and ch)

d͡ʒ > ʒ / #_V

Cascadian Tharfish > Kazcadian

Spelling Changes take place here

h > ç

ld > ɾ (but often other simplifications occur)

ð > (diverges into z and θ)



PhonotacticsEdit

Writing SystemEdit

Letter Sound[s]
A a æ eɪ ɑ/eɪ
B b b
C c s k
D d d
E e ɛ eɪ i
F f f
G g g
H h Silent, forces first sound
I i ɪ i aɪ
J j d͡ʒ
K k k
L l l
M m m
N n n
O o ɑ ʌʊ
P p p
Q q kʷ 

R r ɹ
S s t͡ʃ
T t t
U u ʌ u ju
V v v
W w ʍ
X x ç
Y y ʒ
Z z z s
DIGRAPH SOUND
II ii i
zz t͡s
Th th θ
XX xx
ai What it looks like
Au au Same
LD ld ɾ

Conditional LettersEdit

There are several conditional letters with sounds depending on those around it.  These letters are c, q, and the vowels.  Vowels A, E, I, O, and U follow regular patterns where the first sound is used when the vowel has a consonant on either side of it, and the second consonant is not followed by a vowel.  The second sound is used otherwise.  The first sound can be induced by doubling the following consonant, and the second sound can by induced by adding a -y after the noun, which is silent following a noun.  Vowels A, I, and U have third sounds that apply when the sound is word initial.  The third sound of an E applies when word final.  Vowel pairs usually use second sounds.  C-Changes are extremely relevant.

The conditional consonant C has forms k and s.  When one of the following conditions apply, k is used

  • Word Final
  • Followed by A, O, or U

When the second condition applies, the second sound of the vowel is used. This is called a C-Change.  K does not posess this quality.  When the C is followed by an E or an I, s is used.

The conditional consonant Q has forms kʷ and k̚.  The first is used when followed by a vowel, and the second is used when word-final.  All non-word-final Q's will be followed by a vowel.

GrammarEdit

PronounsEdit

Pronouns in Kazcadian are quite similar to those of Tharfish, with some exceptions. The ones with the most degree of difference are the personal pronouns.

Personal Pronouns (Nominative)Edit

First Second Third
Sing I Thau Thei
Dual Unai Utu Thei
Plural We U Thei

Personal Pronouns (Accusative)Edit

First Second Third
Sing Me The Thim
Dual Und Me Utu Thim
Plural Huz U Thim

Posessive Pronouns (Attributive)Edit

First Second Third
Sing Mai Thai Their
Dual Ar Ur Their
Plural Ar Ur Their

Posessive Pronouns (Predicative)Edit

First Second Third
Sing Main Thain Theirz
Dual Arz Urz Theirz
Plural Arz Urz Theirz

VerbsEdit

Kazcadian verbs conjugate to both number and tense, except the verb Aint, signifying the negated form of To Be.  When a letter is listed in the following table, it means "A variation upon ___".

Past Present Conditional
Singular -d -z LD- (plus -z)
Non Sing -d -- LD-

NounsEdit

Nouns in Kazcadian decline only to number, which is done with a -z.

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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