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Ke

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Ke
Kel
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Split-Ergative
Head direction
First
Tonal
Yes
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Ke (or Kel) is a Conlang I have been working on for some time. It is designed to be rather alien to humans. More comming soon

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Nouns No Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No Yes No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No Yes No


PhonologyEdit

1.Consonants:Edit

Bilabial: Dental: Alveolar: Palatal: Velar:
Plain: Palatalized:
Plosive: Voiced/

Implosive:

ɓ ɓʲ ɗ ɟ͡ʝ (ɢ)
Aspirated: t̪ʰ~θ c͡çʰ kʰ~qʰ
Ejective: t’ k’~q’
Affricate: Central: d͡z̪ t͡sʰ t͡ʃʰ
Ejective: t͡s’ t͡ʃ’
Fricative: Lateral: ɬ
Central: s x~χ
Sonorant: Lateral: l λ
Central: w ð̞ ɾ~ɹ j ɣ~ʕ
Nasal: m n ɲ ŋ

2.Vowels:Edit

-- Front: Back:
Unrounded: Rounded: Rounded: Unrounded:
High: i u ɯ
High-Mid: e ø o
Low-Mid: ɛ ɔ
Low: æ ɑ

All vowels can be nasalized.Edit

Edit

3.Phonetic Processes:Edit

1.Ablaut:

Radical: 1.Ablaut: 2.Ablaut:
/i/ /e/ /ɯ/
/ɛ/ /ɯ/ /e/
/ɑ/ /æ/ /ɛ/
/ɔ/ /ø/ /o/
/u/ /o/ /ø/
/e/ /i/ /i/
/ɯ/ /ɛ/ /i/
/æ/ /ɑ/ /ɛ/
/ø/ /ɔ/ /u/
/o/ /u/ /u/

OrthographyEdit

Phoneme Grapheme Phoneme Grapheme Phoneme Grapheme Phoneme Grapheme
/ɓ/ b /ɬ/ lh /n/ n /ɑ̃/ ã
/ɓʲ/ bh /s̪/ z /ɲ/ nh /ɔ̃/ ãu
/ɗ/ d /s/ s /ŋ/ ng /ũ/ ũ
/ɟ͡ʝ/ gy /∫/ sh /i/ i /ẽ/ ãie
/t̪ʰ/ th /x/ kh /ɛ/ e /ɯ̽̃/ ãiu
/tʰ/ t /l/ l /ɑ/ a /æ̃/ ãe
/c͡çʰ/ ty /λ/ ly /ɔ/ o /ø̃/ ãue
/kʰ/ k /w/ w /u/ u /õ/ ão
/t'/ x /wʲ/ wh /e/ ie Dialectal Phonemes:
/k'/ q /ð̞/ dh /ɯ/ ë

/ɢ/

gh
/d͡z̪/ dz /ɾ/ r /æ/ ä

/j̊/

yh
/t͡sʰ/ ts /j/ y /ø/ ö

/r̥/

rh
/t͡ʃʰ/ ch /ɣ/ g /o/ ou

/d͡ʑ/

zh
/t͡s'/ xh /m/ m /ĩ/ ĩ

/ʌ/

ă
/t͡ʃ'/ qh /mʲ/ mh /ɛ̃/ ãi

/ɨ/

ï

Grammar:Edit

1.Verbs:Edit

0.Verbal TemplateEdit

Subject Number Object Number Direct Object Number Mood Evidentiality Tense
y- -i- -n- -i- -w- -a- -ouz- -li -nha
1.Person.subject Plural 3.Person.object Plural 2.Person.dative Singular SEE Reportative Futur
Yãiliwawoudhlinha
We will give them to you (We are told)


1. Pronominal PrefixesEdit

Subject: Object Direct Object:
1.Person y- d- ng-
2.Person s- ch- w-
3.Person Animat -- n- kh-
3.Person Inanimat -l-


2. Number PrefixesEdit

Singular: Plural:
Subject: a- u-
(Direct) Object: i-


3. Mood AblautEdit

Indicative: Subjunctive: Conditional: Optative: Jussive:
Ablaut: Radical First Ablaut Second Ablaut
Duplifix: No No Yes No Yes
Example: ya-yetq ya-yëtq ya-yëyetq ya-yietq ya-yieyetq
Translation: I see I would see If i see I hope to see I should see


4. Tense SuffixEdit

Tense: Suffix:
Present:
Close Past: -si
Remote Past: -lha
Futur: -nha


5. Evidentiality SuffixEdit

Evidentiality: Suffix:
Direct Knowledge: --
Hearsay: -li
inferential: -mase

1.Nouns:Edit

1. CaseEdit

Ablaut: Suffix: Example: Translation:
Ergative: -- -- nou The house
Absolutive: First -es nus The house
Dative: Second -ra nura To the house
Locative: -(u)k nuk In the house
Ablative: -(i)l nul From the house

2. NumberEdit

Evidentiality: Singular: Plural:
Definite: -- i-
Indefinite: u-

Adjectives:Edit

Particles:Edit

VocabularyEdit


No. English Kel
1Itsi
2you (singular)ãie/ud
3heyora
4weoy
5you (plural)tan
6theyna
7thisan
8thatam/uk/ya
9hereyanh
10theresha
11whokhan
12whati
13whereru
14whenã
15howsachw
16notmeng
17allegy
18manyo
19somediwab
20fewkhokbhie
21otherakhsh
22oneloch
23twoe
24three
25fourili
26fivenaytängs
27bigãuwd
28longgish
29wideang
30thickul
31heavyũ
32smalltyi
33shortrelr
34narrowsu
35thinrie
36womandel
37man (adult male)yãu
38man (human being)u
39childsi
40wifeno
41husbandlarala
42motherlänl
43fatherisha
44animalrou
45fishie
46birdli
47dogkão
48louseir
49snakewuqh
50wormish
51treeö
52forestnu
53stickyira
54fruitza
55seedash
56leafba
57rootnhũ
58barkalch
59flowerray
60grassasha
61ropeas
62skinsãiur
63meatqhie
64blooddash
65bonewud
66fatdas
67eggĩ
68hornönu
69tailwa
70feather
71hairank
72headshã
73eargidmã
74eyenerdar
75noseoush
76mouthdãiziba
77toothxay
78tonguekha
79fingernailidlh
80footgu
81leglaru
82kneesa
83handlochw
84wingcha
85belly
86gutsmudz
87neckeku
88backgëyma
89breastkhas
90heartchingũ
91liverowr
92drinkqoyokh
93eat
94biteme
95sucknounl
96spitsusou
97vomitkie
98blowon
99breatheniye
100laughien
101seeyetq
102hearsodkh
103knowchalh
104thinkãi
105smellqak
106fearara
107sleepall
108livelilsh
109dieatg
110killgad
111fightsousha
112huntdu
113hitchan
114cutod
115splitunu
116stabug
117scratchangr
118digri
119swimbi
120flydëth
121walkdal
122comekhä/kha/tsi
123liearw
124sitbha
125standzut
126turnoukh
127fallãk
128giveouz
129holdwhu
130squeezengã
131rublana
132washusd
133wipeannh
134pulläkoush
135pushnãi
136throwach
137tiema
138sewne
139countokq
140sayga
141sing
142playngo
143floatla
144flowrinine
145freezenanhmã
146swell
147sunão
148moonadl
149stariedĩ
150wateren
151rainën
152riverä
153lakeyas
154seamãi
155saltay
156stonesäs
157sandda
158dustyanara
159earthgung
160cloudkhĩsãsh
161fogyĩsh
162skytsit
163wind
164snowishn
165iceasnh
166smokebãm
167fireinb
168ashnedr
169burnatch
170roadnga
171mountainqek
172redche
173greenek
174yellowdi
175whitewha
176blackabs
177nightlidayl
178dayyi
179yearchanh
180warmsãir
181coldkhu
182fullnatda
183newxãu
184oldde
185goodũr
186badannila
187rottengo
188dirtysĩm
189straightiwa
190roundiya
191sharpayäna
192dullnhãie
193smoothnawt
194wet
195drymi
196correct
197nearyayn
198farshu
199rightrëk
200leftra
201atũd
202inchatä
203withnadz
204andanosk
205ifasa
206becauseiet
207nameãu


Example textEdit

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