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Lexicon Edit

BEFORE ADDING ANYTHING HERE, PLEASE SEE THE NOTICE AT THE TOP OF THE KEKISH MAIN PAGE

  • a, an (indefinite article) - u
  • ability - qodr (f)
  • above, over - alil
  • absolute (n.) - khakamilka (literally "completeness")
  • after - gaz
  • air - shiy (m)
  • to align - akhatte
  • alignment - akhatka
  • all - hivvè
  • alone, lone, only - tanha
  • also - awm
  • altar - dwamez (m)
  • ancient, antique - gèhanitwad
  • anger, wrath - ghazb (m)
  • answer - sadiy (m)
  • to answer - sadiy de (vad) (literally "to give answer (to)")
  • antique - gèhanitwadèkht (m)
  • to appear, seem - bade
  • arch - ves (f)
  • around - jav
  • authority - vestaliy (m)
  • away - lèray
  • back (to a previous place or state) - beriti (also, again)
  • balance - tèrazu (f)
  • base, foundation - fenka (f) (also, pedestal)
  • to base, found - fene
  • based - fenanè
  • bare - bayna
  • to be - wede
  • beak - ano (m)
  • bear - arsa
  • to become - zhale
  • to believe - bavre
  • big - meru
  • bird - kheyfu (m)
  • to blow - ayvve
  • to boast, brag - lahfe
  • boat - keshtiy (m)
  • body, torso - dadhis (m)
  • bone - mersiy (m)
  • border, limit - hadh (m)
  • bottom - domi (f)
  • bow (n.) - kaman (f)
  • to bow - idhrake
  • to break - shekaste
  • breath - avira (m)
  • to breathe - ave
  • bridge - vul (f)
  • to bring- varde
  • brother - wedr (m)
  • by - vat
  • bye, goodbye, farewell - [see: Table: variants of goodbye]
  • camel - bakhil, tewa (f)
  • to carve, sculpt - burde
  • cave, cavern - qar, kahf (m), leghet (f)
  • certain, definite, concrete - ostid
  • change - arwed (f)
  • to change - arèwe
  • chaos - ghellur (f)
  • to check - hokhave
  • to choose - vèzite
  • church - kerk, kanisè (f)
  • civil - temedit
  • civilization - temediy
  • to civilize - temede
  • claw, hook - hara (m)
  • close (adj.) - azdi
  • cloud - awbr (f)
  • cold (adj.) - sarut
  • cold (n.) - sarwè (m)
  • color - rang (f)
  • colossal - zhinj
  • to come - hatte
  • to command - formade
  • commandment, order - fordamka (f)
  • common - malalit
  • to complete, finish - khakamile
  • complete, finished - khakamilit
  • completely - khakamilitwi
  • completion - khakamilka
  • confused - mayad
  • to connect (transitive) - mannan varde (literally "bring together")
  • consistency, constancy, regularity - adiy (m)
  • consistent, constant, regular - adiyit
  • to continue (intransitive), endure, go on - dume
  • to copy, duplicate, immitate - parshge
  • correct - drosit
  • cosmic, universal - kawniyit
  • cosmos, universe - kawniy (m)
  • to count - raqme
  • to create - ahfarre
  • to cross, traverse - bare, tarbare (DO in PREP), tarzhude (DO in PREP)
  • daily - rujiynit
  • day - rizè, rujiy (m)
  • decay, rot - vass (f)
  • to decay, rot - vasse
  • descendant - gazsalil (f)
  • desert (the big sandy thing) - sahra (f), ajariy (m)
  • despair, hopelessness - novidiy (m)
  • to despair - novide
  • to destroy - dammare
  • destruction - dammarka
  • to dive - lengavde
  • to do, make, cause - shikhde
  • dog - dasshiy (m)
  • down - esbit
  • dream - ghab (f)
  • to dream - ghabe, fètagne
  • to drown - taghane
  • dry - gashkit
  • dune - corya (f)
  • duty, obligation - vazif (m)
  • eagle - arciyu (m), nasr (f)
  • Egypt - Mesr (m)
  • Egyptian - mesrit
  • Egyptian (n.) - Mersriy (m)
  • electric - eletrit
  • electronic - eletronit
  • else - zur
  • emotion, passion - ehsas (f)
  • end, ending - kamiliy
  • to end - kamile
  • to end rightly - drositwi khakamile
  • to enter - der hatte (literally "come in")
  • eternity - ayjiy (m)
  • everything - hivvèceyzuk (literally "all things")
  • everywhere - hivvèyaghuk (literally "all places")
  • exchange, replace - riyarèwe, riyarwed shikhde
  • eye - shemr (f)
  • face - paykr (f)
  • falcon, hawk - shahin
  • far - lèra, dagham
  • to farm - mazrahe
  • fear - bav (f)
  • to fear - [see: {fear} + { to have}]
  • to feed - yudiy de (literally "to give food")
  • few - kayim
  • to fight - shadile
  • final - fazdugh
  • to find - effare
  • fish - thasiy (m)
  • flood- fayad (m)
  • to fly - alwate
  • fnord
  • fog - awbr (f)
  • to fold - qote
  • to follow - gaz zhude (literally "go after")
  • food - yudiy (m)
  • for - bar
  • free, unrestrained - azad
  • freedom - azadiy (m)
  • frog - pepey (m)
  • from - ith
  • frown - rayenku
  • gain, profit - girviy (m)
  • to gain, receive, obtain - girve
  • to go - zhude
  • God - Kek, Ghèday (also, lord)
  • good - shah (also, well (adv.))
  • ground - dhin (f)
  • group, cell (as part of a larger group) - groh (f)
  • to guide - lesje
  • hand - las, dastiy (m)
  • to harmonize - harmoniye
  • harmony - harmoniy (m)
  • he - keh
  • heat - vata (f)
  • hello - anha, hay (from English hi)
  • here - uval
  • to hide (intransitive) -nahofte
  • to hide (transitive) - nahoftanè shikhde (literally "to make hidden")
  • high - wal, hasit
  • hill - mahur (f)
  • hope - amdey (f)
  • to hope - amdeyalit wede
  • hopeful - amdeyalit
  • horse - vakh (m)
  • hot - vatta
  • how - kedr
  • humble - braji
  • hundred - sal (f)
  • to hurt (transitive) rèzd de
  • I - mim
  • idea - ija (f)
  • ideaology - ijaluzhiy (m)
  • ill, sick - ayn
  • illness, sickness, disease, plague - aynka (f)
  • image, picture - ancor (m)
  • in - der
  • instead - maffarkaytwi (literally "substitutionally"; used with the preposition bar "for" for the meaning of "instead of")
  • into - deri
  • it - ket
  • judge- khakam (m)
  • to judge - khakme
  • judgement - khakka (f)
  • Kekish - Keks Avvah
  • Kekistan - Kekistan (m)
  • Kekistani (adj.) - Kekistanit
  • Kekistani (n.) - Kekistaniy (m)
  • king - sultan (m)
  • to know - jenne
  • knowledge - jennka (f)
  • lake - dercey (f)
  • land - kharzh (m)
  • late - dri
  • to laugh - keke
  • to lay, set, put - klaste
  • length - razwal
  • lengthen - razwale
  • lesson - darsh (m)
  • level - rutbiy (m)
  • level (adj.) - rutib
  • to lie (position one's self horizontally) - leshte
  • life - zis (f)
  • like ('similar to'; 'such as') - misr
  • line - khatt (f)
  • lip - liv (also, edge)
  • to live - zis shikhde (literally "to do life")
  • lol - kek (m)
  • long - raz
  • to look - nagye
  • low - azh, niyo
  • magic - yathu (f)
  • mare - afsè (f)
  • to meet - dire
  • metal - zar, falis
  • metalic - zaru, falisit
  • mountain - kovviy (m)
  • to move - kuwe
  • much - dayr (also, many; very)
  • must (to have/need to) - waydhe
  • near - zdi
  • never - avadhè
  • night - shapor (f)
  • no (shows disagreement or negation) - na
  • none, no (determiner) - hichè
  • Normy- Normiy (m)
  • not - na
  • nothing - hichèceyzuk (literally "no things")
  • now - alan, nun
  • number - hadad
  • to observe - katèlavdavde
  • to occur, happen - vishaye
  • ocean - semandr, ovyans (m)
  • official - waqey
  • on - al
  • one (impersonal pronoun) - almr
  • to oppress - normalize (cf. English normalize)
  • oppression - normalizka
  • or - no
  • to ordain - vestaliy de (literally "to give authority")
  • order (the state of being well arranged) - rabiy (m)
  • other (adj.) - bal
  • other (det.) - nor
  • out - riy
  • to outlive - widz... zis shikhde (literally "to do life past")
  • pain - rèzd
  • past - widz
  • past (n.) - madin (f)
  • patience- sovvè (f)
  • patient - savvr
  • people - mordiv (f)
  • person - kasa (f)
  • place - yagh (m)
  • plains, prairie - vosh-sahra
  • pond - tolav (m)
  • pool - birkè (f)
  • power, might - negho (m)
  • powerful, mighty - neghwit
  • praise - afrina
  • to praise - afrine
  • to pray - dwa shikhde
  • prayer - dwa (f)
  • to protect - varaste
  • to put, set, position, (rarely) adjust - heshte
  • queen - sultana (f)
  • to read - ghande
  • reality - haslika (f)
  • rebel - bishadid
  • to rebel, revolt - beriti-shadilavde
  • to repeat - byavishaye
  • to return - beriti hatte
  • to reveal - anamavde
  • to ride - ranne
  • ruins, wreck (as of a ship) - luwida (f)
  • sail - shira (m)
  • to (set) sail - azshire
  • savanna - vosh-sahra
  • to say - tarfe
  • scowl, snear - dozhboru (m)
  • to scowl, snear - dozhborwe
  • sea - deriy (m)
  • to see - re, katèle, viyne
  • to send - lezge
  • to shatter - shekastavde
  • she - wi
  • to show - aname
  • sight - viyniy (m)
  • silk - harir (m), shè (f)
  • to sink - ghorge
  • sister - ghasir (f)
  • sky - azamniy (m)
  • sleep - nam (m)
  • to sleep - name
  • snake - senpè (f)
  • so - tadh
  • so (interjection introducing a new or related topic) - byud
  • some, any - qe
  • something, anything - qeceyz
  • to speak - tefod kalmus shikhde (literally "to make use of words")
  • species, kin - khana (m)
  • spice - adviy (m)
  • star - akhtiy (m)
  • to start, begin - ajize
  • start, beginning, genesis - ajiz (m)
  • Status Quo - wadrahin
  • to stay, remain - mane
  • still, yet - naz
  • stone -sang (m)
  • to stop - ste
  • strength - qorwal
  • strong - qor
  • to substitute - maffare
  • substitute, replacement - maffar
  • substitution - maffarka
  • substitutional - maffarkayt
  • such - dasi (also, thus)
  • to swim - lenge
  • table - mez (m)
  • to take - isne
  • talon - chang (m)
  • to teach - jennka de (literally "to give knowledge")
  • to tell - vadtarfe
  • thanks - sepas (m)
  • to thank - sepas de
  • thank you (interjection) - sepas, eta ast misi sepasè (formal), misepasè (informal contraction of the previous)
  • that - kals
  • then - byud
  • there - thaq
  • they - kesr
  • thing - ceyz (m)
  • this - els
  • though - yaret
  • thousand - zar (f)
  • through - areb
  • time - zaman
  • to - vad
  • together- mannan
  • toward - nagh
  • to travel - wathraje
  • true - [see: correct]
  • trunk - qurmiy (m)
  • until - to
  • up - foyut
  • use (noun) - tefod (m)
  • to use - tefod shikhde (literally "make use (of)"; invokes genitive case)
  • valley, ravine - wadiy (m), darrey (f)
  • videoclip - vidyoklip (m)
  • to wait - sovvè shikhde (literally "make/do patience")
  • warm - garwit
  • warmth - garwè (f)
  • waste - stekkriy
  • to watch - katèlavde
  • we - hesr
  • wet - ne
  • what, which - kè (f)
  • when - kiy
  • where - gya
  • which, that, who (relative) - gè
  • who - kigh (f)
  • wing - vor (m)
  • with - vay
  • without - vih
  • wolf - braj (f), gorghèn (no plural) (m)
  • word - kalmiy (m)
  • world - doniy (m)
  • work - kar (f)
  • to work - kar shikhde, kare
  • to wrinkle - chiqote (cf. fold)
  • year - sur (m)
  • yes (shows agreement or affirmation) - arè, ha, naham
  • you (plural) - tesr
  • you (singular) - et
  • you're welcome (reply to thank you) - west vazif (literally "it was [my] duty")

Affixes Edit

  • anti- (against, opposing, reverse) - sid-
  • re- (prefix denoting a repitition on an action) - bya-
  • semi- (partially; half way) - kyay-
  • trans- (across; through) - tar-
  • un-, non-, de- - na-
  • -al, -ar, -ial, etc (turns nouns into adjectives) - -it, -yt (after vowels)
  • -el, -le, -er, -re (frequentative suffix) - chi
  • -er (comparative adj. suffix) - -tam
  • -est (superlative adj. suffix) - -darb
  • -ful [derivational; n. > adj.] - -yalit
  • -ness (turns an adjective into a noun) - -(q)oz
  • -less (denotes the lack of a noun) - vi- (note that this is a prefix unlike the English translation)
  • -tion, -ment, -edge (turns a verb into a noun) - -ka (-e drops from the infinitive, -ka is added to the stem; degeminates a stem-final geminate consonant); -iy (non-productive)
  • [augmentative suffix] - -wad
  • [adverbial suffix] - -wi
  • [comparative suffix] - -tam
  • [derivational suffix; adj. > n.] - -èkht (cf. Pashto ښت)
  • [derivational suffix; adj. > abstract n.] - -wal (cf. Pashto والی; ولي)
  • [optative modal verb suffix] (used to express wishes or hopes; replaces personal ending on subjunctive conjugation of regular verbs) - -a
  • [prefix denoting nouns of official or royal consequence] - sur-
  • [prefix that derives verbs from verbs, usually resulting in either the addition or loss of transitivity] - kha-
  • [prefix that forms verbs from specific nouns; not productive] - a(z)-
  • [superlative suffix] - -darb
  • [verbal intensifier] - -avde (drop infinitive -e, add -avde)

eta-vay wed' Kek ("may Kek be with you(singular)"), etvay Kek (colloquial reduction of previous), lesjura Kek eti ("may Kek guide you")

Table: variants of goodbye Edit

Kekish Gloss. English
1 eta-vay wed' Kek you.SG.PREP-with be.OPT Kek.NOM (may) Kek be with you
2 weda Kek eta-vay be.OPT Kek.NOM you.SG.PREP-with (may) Kek be with you
3 etvay Kek you.SG.with Kek [contraction of 1] ~goodbye
4 wedevay be.you.SG.with [contraction of 2] ~bye
5 tvayud you.SG.with.be [alternate contraction of 1] ~bye
6 lesjura Kek eti guide.OPT Kek.NOM you.SG.ACC (may) Kek guide you
7 weda Kek etis in'lesjadh be.OPT Kek.NOM you.GEN guide.PP (let) Kek be your guide
8 to zaman dritam until time.NOM late.COMP until later, another time
9 viyniy dritam sight.NOM late.COMP (I'll) see you later

BEFORE ADDING ANYTHING HERE, PLEASE SEE THE NOTICE AT THE TOP OF THE KEKISH MAIN PAGE

Swadesh Edit

No. English Kekish
1 I mim
2 you (singular) et
3 he keh
4 we hesr
5 you (plural) tesr
6 they kesr
7 this els
8 that kals
9 here uval
10 there thaq
11 who kigh (f)
12 what kè (f)
13 where gya
14 when kiy
15 how kedr
16 not na
17 all hivvè
18 many dayr
19 some qe
20 few kayim
21 other bal, nor
22 one uwe (m)
23 two dur (m)
24 three riys (m)
25 four kedu (f)
26 five vakè (m)
27 big meru
28 long brendu
29 wide kakhu
30 thick dherwit
31 heavy faydru
32 small gochku
33 short gezdu
34 narrow tanggit
35 thin èzhit
36 woman ral (f)
37 man (adult male) nefer, nishen (m)
38 man (human being) nishen, shakhsiy (m)
39 child bakkè (f), weytsiy (m)
40 wife vechna (f)
41 husband vechiy (m)
42 mother metr (f)
43 father pedár, vetr (m)
44 animal vatsiy (m)
45 fish thasiy (m)
46 bird kheyfu (m)
47 dog dasshiy (m)
48 louse spiy (m)
49 snake senpè (f)
50 worm gerim (f)
51 tree dherwe (m)
52 forest dheseyu (f)
53 stick qur (m)
54 fruit dheyit (m)
55 seed bavè (f)
56 leaf dhequr, varkh (m)
57 root dhemer (f)
58 bark hayit (f)
59 flower rikk (f)
60 grass vosh (m)
61 rope kittu (f)
62 skin peyt (m)
63 meat qezir (m)
64 blood aygè (f)
65 bone mersiy (m)
66 fat srethlah (f)
67 egg oryiz (m)
68 horn shakey (m), amqur (f)
69 tail haydl (m)
70 feather veskiy (m)
71 hair davvya (f)
72 head dapke (m)
73 ear damiy (m)
74 eye shemr (f)
75 nose dapiy (m)
76 mouth miy (m)
77 tooth nofod (m)
78 tongue avvahtiy (m)
79 fingernail naghin (f)
80 foot pay (f)
81 leg yangiy (m)
82 knee zaddhiv (m)
83 hand las, dastiy (m)
84 wing vor (m)
85 belly ashk (f)
86 guts akkziy (m)
87 neck daddhiy (m)
88 back veshtiy (m)
89 breast ghiy (m)
90 heart tseya, ceya (f)
91 liver nezciy (m)
92 drink gir aykke
93 eat aykke
94 bite miye
95 suck gihe
96 spit vene
97 vomit khrite
98 blow ayvve
99 breathe ave
100 laugh kek(e)
101 see re
102 hear vamde
103 know jenne
104 think peddhe
105 smell ekwe
106 fear agre
107 sleep dwarshere
108 live zis shikhde
109 die verde
110 kill ghite
111 fight shadile
112 hunt qarze
113 hit she
114 cut shade
115 split eurke
116 stab deshke
117 scratch meyme
118 dig suvye
119 swim kume
120 fly vake
121 walk dheke
122 come durke
123 lie abuzhe
124 sit beke
125 stand fikke
126 turn sukwe
127 fall dowe
128 give de
129 hold idye
130 squeeze avane
131 rub vavve
132 wash juke
133 wipe leyime
134 pull brate
135 push kweye
136 throw vimre
137 tie bine
138 sew syane
139 count dere
140 say tarfe
141 sing nardare
142 play diske
143 float awe
144 flow muraye
145 freeze bruke
146 swell forwe
147 sun shafs (f), ghah (m)
148 moon wadh, luk (f)
149 star akhtiy (m)
150 water awv (f)
151 rain warnut (m)
152 river zedut (m)
153 lake dercey (f)
154 sea deriy (m)
155 salt navvek (f)
156 stone sang (m)
157 sand reygh (f)
158 dust guwer, hayk (m)
159 earth hayk (m), orid (f)
160 cloud awbr (f)
161 fog awbr (f)
162 sky azamniy (m)
163 wind vaddhu (f)
164 snow taket (m)
165 ice vidrsh (f)
166 smoke taddhu (f)
167 fire dhar (f)
168 ash meynè (f)
169 burn vazzhe (m)
170 road viket (m)
171 mountain kovviy (m)
172 red dvirz
173 green pepeyit
174 yellow poshuk
175 white mesnè
176 black dughal
177 night shapor (f)
178 day rizè (m)
179 year sur (m)
180 warm garwit
181 cold sarut
182 full vurit
183 new nugh
184 old gèhanit
185 good shah
186 bad bèd, hazhit
187 rotten viryud
188 dirty fingit
189 straight dwede
190 round relkke
191 sharp qukke
192 dull kalit
193 smooth kavveh
194 wet ne
195 dry gashkit
196 correct drosit
197 near nadakit
198 far dagham, lèra
199 right fobi (m)
200 left esju (f)
201 at anr
202 in der
203 with vay
204 and aw, so, -va
205 if ris...dug
206 because akniv
207 name kekk (m)

Numbers Edit

Cardinal Ordinal Multiplier Adverbal
1 uwe uwed wel
2 dur durd duraz amidh
3 riys riyzd riysaz riyso
4 kedu kedud kedaz eduwo
5 vakè vakèd vakaz
6 sheys sheyzd sheysaz
7 awd awdid asdaz
8 astè astèd astaz
9 noh nohid nohaz
10 das dasid dasaz

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