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Kelantepan
Kälamdar
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General and Cultural InformationEdit

Kelantepan (natively lüdar ca Kälamtäpa or Kälamdar) is a language spoken in the cold south of Patrona by the Kälamtäpa, a name which means "Fire-people". The Kelantepans, despite (or perhaps due to) their cold environment, worship fire, the sun, and volcanoes.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Coronal Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d tʃ dʒ k1 kj g gj
Fricative s z h
Approximant ɻ̝2 l j w
  1. The sequences /kj/ and /gj/ are more common than the bare /k/ and /g/.
  2. /r/ is a raised retroflex approximant, sounding approximantly halfway between [ɻ] and [ʐ]. It is devoiced before a voiceless consonant.

VowelsEdit

Front Back
High y u
Mid e ʌ
Low æ

This strange vowel system actually originated as a very simple five-vowel system, having undergone a massive counter-clockwise shift.

PhonotacticsEdit

(C)V(/m/, /r/);

min: /u/; max: /tʃær/

  • Syllable-final /m/ assimilates to the place of articulation of any following consonant in all but the most careful speech.
  • /w/ doesn't occur before /u/ or /y/.
  • /j/ doesn't occur before /e/ or /y/ except as a part of /kj/ and /gj/.
  • Consecutive vowels are in separate syllables.
  • No more than three consecutive vowels are permitted.

Stress Edit

Primary stress is always on the second syllable of a word, with secondary stress on every other syllable after that. ex. Kälamtäpa [kjæˈlʌntæˌpʌ]

Writing SystemEdit

Letter a ä b c d e g h j k l
Sound /ʌ/ /æ/ /b/ /tʃ/ /d/ /e/ /gj/ /h/ /dʒ/ /kj/ /l/
Letter m n p r s t u ü w y z
Sound /m/ /n/ /p/ /r/ /s/ /t/ /u/ /y/ /w/ /j/ /z/
  • Adding an apostrophe on <k> and <g> negates the inherent /j/. ex. k’amlu /kʌmlu/

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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