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Kaj

A male and female Khajiit

General informationEdit

Ta'agra is the language spoken by the natives of the province of Elsweyr, the Khajiit. They are a race of feline humanoids, and their civilization is millenia old. The grammar of the language has been influenced greatly by that of Cyrodyll and Skyrim, and is now very similar to english. There are a sub-species of Khajiit who have been abandoned from normal society and now reside in the desert caves of Elsweyr, they are referred to by most as "Ja'Alfiq" Literally "the afflicted". They have a similar language to that of the Khajiit 100-200 years ago, before it was influenced by other Tamrielan continents.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m ‹m› n ‹n›
Plosive p ‹p› t ‹t› k ‹k› q ‹q› ʔ ‹'›
Fricative f ‹f› θ ‹th› s ‹s› ʃ ‹sh› h ‹h›
Affricate k͡x ‹kh›
Approximant w ‹w› j ‹y›
Trill r ‹rr›
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open

AlphabetEdit

PhonotacticsEdit

Most are the same as in english, except that all constonants can be used with z ( E.G Jz and Dz) Fz does not exist in the language nor does sm

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes No Yes Yes No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


Khajiit Name HonorificsEdit

In Khajiiti culture, individuals will often take an optional honorific on their name. These honorifics may be chosen by the individual or given to him or her by clan or family. Some Khajiit consider it foolish or poor form to take more than one honorific.

Honorifics be either prefixes or suffixes. When adding an honorific prefix, the honorific is separated from the name with an apostrophe and the name is capitalized. For example: Zakhar with the honorific prefix "ra" would be "Ra'Zakhar". When adding an honorific suffix, the honorific is separated from the name with a dash and the honorific is not capitalized. For example: Garesh with the honorific suffix "ri" would be "Garesh-ri".

Listed below are some of the most common khajiiti name honorifics. Honorifics marked with an asterisk * are non-canon and have been added by us or others in the community.

  • dar: Male specific. This honorific means "thief," but more like the Nordic "Clever Hudvar" or the Breton "Arnand the Fox." A Khajiit with "dar" in his name is clever, and maybe clever with his hands, but not always a thief by your odd Imperial property customs.
  • daro: Female specific. Female version of dar.
  • do: This honorific means "warrior" and is almost exclusively male, but is very occasionally accorded to outstanding females.
  • dra: Female specific. Grandmother or wise elder woman.
  • dro: Male specific. Grandfather or patriarch.
  • ja/ji/j/sa: Male specific. Bachelor.
  • jo: Male specific. Wizard, scholar, or healer.
  • ko: Female specific. Wizard, scholar, or healer.
  • la: Female specific. High-caste unmarried female or maiden.
  • ma/m: Gender neutral. Young, child, virgin.
  • *qa: A rare title of unknown meaning.
  • ra: Male specific. Boss, leader, male of high standing.
  • ri: Male specific. General, great leader, male of highest standing.
  • *ro: Female specific. Noblewoman, female of high standing.
  • *s: Gender neutral. Adult or elder.

Sentence StructureEdit

Ta'agra, like English, primarily uses a Subject-Verb-Object (SVO) word order. Ta'agra has no markers for the subject or objects of a sentence, so word order is important to conveying meaning. (e.g. "Man bites dog" is very different from "dog bites man".)

Comments on word order: Existing lore samples of Ta'agra are inconsistent in their use of word order. Some are clearly Subject-Verb-Object and some are clearly Subject-Object-Verb. After extensive discussion on this topic, we have decided to stick with a Subject-Verb-Object order for Ta'agra. This will increase simplicity and ease of use, because this is the same word order used by native English speakers. We attribute the discrepancy to cultural and linguistic variations between Anaquina and Pa'alatiin with the north historically using SOV and the south using SVO. Both structures work, so long as the Subject comes at the beginning of the sentence. We are saying the official structure, however, is SVO.

IntonationEdit

Declarative sentences in Ta'agra have no special intonation. Interrogative sentences (questions) end with an upwards inflection at the end, just like English.

NounsEdit

CaseEdit

Nominative (Subject): No change.

Accusative (Object): No change.

Dative (Indirect Object): No change.

Genitive (Possessive): No change, indicated by word order. When two nouns are paired together in a sentence, the first noun is the possessor and the second noun is the possessed. e.g. "Ra'Zakhar's bread" = "Ra'Zakhar barij". Alternatively, if more clarity is needed, possession can be established by using the word "di" (of): "Barij di Ra'Zakhar" = "Bread of Ra'Zakhar".

Lative (Movement to something): +ali. "Ra'Zakhar walks to the market" = "Ra'Zakhar iit shothi'ali".

Ablative (Movement from something. Also used to indicate origin.): +iitay. "Ra'Zakhar is from Torval" = "Ra'Zakhar vaba Torvaliitay".

PluralEdit

Plural: +a (ends w/ cons), +'a (end w/ a, ay, ai), drop ending vowel & +a (ends with e, i, o u).  - Naraj = animal. Naraja = animals.  - Kafa = horse. Kafa'a = horses.  - Raszai = drug. Razsai'a = drugs.  - Srato = hat. Srata = hats.  - Alku = bottle. Alka = bottles.

AgentiveEdit

Verb/noun to agentive noun: +iit. If the word ends in a vowel, drop the vowel before adding the suffix.  - Budi = shirt. Budiit = tailor (one who shirts, shirter)  - Khaj = desert/sand. Khajiit = (one who deserts, deserter)  - Dela = learn. Deliit = student (one who learns, learner)  - Laa = law. Aliit = (one who laws, lawyer).  Special irregular: Single syllable words consisting of a consonant and a vowel would become too short. Instead of dropping the trailing vowel entirely, the vowel is moved to the front of the word.

NominalizationEdit

Converting verbs/adjectives/adverbs to nouns.

Word +na. (If root word ends with Noun + H, drop the H before adding +na. e.g. valah = far. valana = distance) - Takarr = [to] attack(v). Takarrna = [an] attack(n).  - Dar = steal(v). Darna = theft.  If nominalizing an adjective formed by adding +i/+'i to a noun root word, keep the adjective suffix and add +na to the end of it.  - Zal = health(n). Zali = healthy(adj). Zalina = healthiness(n).   If nominalizing an adjective that is a root word, just add +na.  - Itrola = ugly. Itrolana = ugliness.  If pluralizaing a nominalized word, follow the same pluralization rules for words ending with the letter A (+'a).  - Sa'alai = pray(v). Sa'alaina = prayer(n). Sa'alaina'a = prayers(n).

VerbsEdit

Tense Change English Ta'agra
Present Simple No change I play Ahziss ketra
Present Prog. + "to be" (pres.) I am playing Ahziss va ketra
Past Simple Verb +ka (+a if word ends w/ k or q) I played Ahziss ketraka
Past Prog. + "to be" (past) I was playing Ahziss vaber ketra
Future Simple Verb +se (+e if word ends w/ s or z) I will play Ahziss ketrase
Future Prog. + "to be" (pres.), Verb +se/+e I will be playing Ahziss va ketrase
           

Ta'agra does not use the Perfect (I have/had played) or Perfect Continuous (I have/had been playing) verb tenses.

Simple common verbs are often truncated for brevity. For example, "vara" may be said simply as "ra" and vaba may be said simply as "ba". The Khajiit often look for language shortcuts.

NegationEdit

Ta'agra uses a negation suffix on verbs instead of using an independent word to establish negation (e.g. "not" in English). 

Present tense: +oh. Past tense: +ohka. Future tense: +ohse. If the word ends in a vowel, drop the vowel before adding the suffix.  - "I worry" = "Ahziss muk". "I don't worry" = "Ahziss mukoh".  - "I mentioned that" = "Ahziss bekka jaji". "I didn't mention that" = "Ahziss bekohka jaji".  - "I will fight" = "Ahziss rakse". "I will not fight" = "Ahziss rakohse".

VoiceEdit

Ta'agra can use both passive and active voice. The active voice, which is short and direct, is usually preferred. 

Active:  - "The hunter killed the animal."  - "Hirsiniit var darka naraj." 

Passive:  - "The animal was killed by the hunter."  - "Naraj vaber var darka iho hirsiniit."

MoodEdit

Ta'agra, like English, establishes Grammatical moods (condition, command, hope, etc.) with helper words rather than through verb inflection.

Converting Nouns to VerbsEdit

Noun to Verb: +ith If the word ends in a vowel, drop the vowel before adding the suffix.  - da'khe = water. da'khith = to water/watering  - zrasha = a circle. zrashith = to circle/circling

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives/nouns modifying nouns: Combine the two (or more) words with the adjective(s) before the noun being modified. If the last letter of the adjective and the first letter of the noun are both vowels, separate with a glottal stop (').  - Zwinthodurrarr = yellow pen (zwintho + durrarr)  - Ajo'iiliten = wonderful girl (ajo + ' + iiliten)  - Fithsutapal = hot, long day (fith + suta + pal)

Noun Adjunct: Using Nouns as Adjectives=Edit

Nouns can be used as adjectives without modification  - dog = rian. food = taj. dog food = riantaj.

Converting Nouns to AdjectivesEdit

Noun to Adjective: +i (ends w/ cons) / +'i (ends w/ vowel). Do not drop ending vowels before adding suffix.  - dog = rian. doglike/canine(adj) = riani

It is not necessary to convert a noun to its adjective form when using that noun as an adjective. These two forms can be used to create subtle differences in words.  - dogfood = riantaj. doglike food = rianitaj

===Adverbs===  Under construction

PronounsEdit

It is a common misconception that the Khajiit do not use pronouns. Ta'agra has pronouns, though the use, origin, and meaning of these words reflects the Khajiiti culture. Pronouns are sometimes omitted, especially when using certain irregular verbs where the conjugation implies the pronoun that was excluded. For a list of Ta'agra pronouns please refer to the Pronouns page or the Dictionary.

PrepositionsEdit

Ta'agra's usage of prepositions is the same as in English. Prepositions are used to relate a noun or pronoun to another word or element in a clause.

ConjunctionsEdit

Ta'agra uses most of the standard English conjunctions (and, but, or, because, etc.). Like English, conjunctions are used to join sentences, clauses, and words.

ArticlesEdit

Ta'agra does not use direct or indirect articles (a, an, the).


VocabularyEdit


No. English Ta'agra
1IDo
2you (singular)Jer
3heIik
4weJzer
5you (plural)Ahme
6theyQet
7thisMeu
8thatMue
9hereSko
10thereSkah
11whoNea
12whatOam
13whereEl
14whenDeh
15howDas
16notE' (used before adjectives or vowels to make negative)
17allTam
18manyKha
19someHau
20fewBzah
21otherE'Jz (Literally "Not us")
22oneEld
23twoS' (used before any word to make plural when no definate number is present)
24threeAe'S' (literally "more than two")
25fourDesh
26fiveKzont
27bigRaht
28longGax
29wideBove
30thickGia
31heavyIgue
32smallGaint
33shortE'Gax (literaly "Not long")
34narrowPha
35thinPhae
36womanCaas
37man (adult male)Faas
38man (human being)Area
39childMa
40wifeCas
41husbandFas
42motherCalas
43fatherFalas
44animalPidog
45fishMarha
46birdApash
47dogRian
48louse(not a word yet)
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Taagra Dictionary

ExamplesEdit

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