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Kihā́mmic/Prepositions

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Genitive caseEdit

  • (+gen.) = no
    • "There is no water"
  • rānā́ (+gen.) = instead of
    • "Instead of sweets, eat fruit"
  • káz (+gen.) = without
    • "We can't go without him"
  • mī́ (+gen.) = except
    • "Everyone is here except her"
  • zûtā́ (+gen.) = because of
    • "The school had to close because of the snow"
  • sûčā́ (+gen.) = thanks to
    • "Thanks to the rain, the field was flooded"
  • gṓ (+gen.) = amongst
    • "Amongst the contestants was last year's winner"
  • (+gen.) = for the sake of
    • "For the sake of the plants, it must rain"
  • magrā́ (+gen.) = despite, in spite of
    • "Despite the snow the school was open"
  • rā́ kā́ (+gen.) = more than
    • "That's been there for more than a week!"

Ablative caseEdit

  • ayán (+abl.) = away from
    • "They moved away from the city centre a while ago"
  • ayû́n (+abl.) = out of
    • "He got out of the car"
  • ayón (+abl.) = off
    • "Get off the roof!"
  • nán (+abl.) = from
    • "He is from England"
    • "Pick a number from one to ten"
  • nánt (+abl.) = from under
    • "Get out from under the table!"
  • nábōn (+abl.) = out from behind
    • "They got out from behind the sofa"
  • kašā́ (+abl.) = according to
    • "According to the papers that restaurant is fantastic"

Allative caseEdit

  • ôyán (+all.) = to
    • "I came to this city last year"
  • ôyû́n (+all.) = into
    • "They moved into their new house last week"
  • ốnunt (+all.) = under
    • "The cat ran under the table"
  • ôbṓn (+all.) = behind
    • "They went and hid behind the sofa"
  • ôgnā́ (+all.) = past
    • "Go along the river and past the hotel"
  • ôkīnā́ (+all.) = beyond
    • "Can we try and walk beyond those hills?"
  • ônā́ (+all.) = over
    • "Jump over the fence!"

Instrumental caseEdit

  • sū́ (+inst.) = with
    • "He writes with his best pen"
  • sūá (+inst.) = with [animate]
    • "I went to the cinema with my family"
  • (+inst.) = by
    • "The museum was opened by the mayor"
    • "The house is surrounded by the police"
  • ûká (+inst.) = via
    • "You can get to the school quicker via that shortcut"
  • ûčā́ (+inst.) = along
    • "Go along the river then past the hotel"
  • ûkrā́ (+inst.) = across
    • "They went across the bridge"
  • ûyû́n (+inst.) = through
    • "We need to go through the tunnel"
  • (+inst.) = for
    • "I'm going to the shops for some milk"
    • "I'm just going to pay for these"
    • "These are for adults, not children!"
  • ûsū́ (+inst.) = around
    • "He ran around the track several times"
  • krā́g (+inst.) = about
    • "We're talking about the match"
  • ûpróv (+inst.) = for, in favour of
    • "He's arguing for speed cameras"
  • ízgrā (+inst.) = in, concerning, regarding
    • "Born free and equal in dignity and rights."

Prepositional caseEdit

  • yû́n (+prep.) = in
    • "Moscow is in Russia"
    • "In April"
    • "On Friday"
    • "On 5th April"
  • yán (+prep.) = at
    • "I'm still at Michael's [house]"
    • "I can't talk at the moment, I'm at work"
    • "At five o'clock"
  • yón (+prep.) = on
    • "The lamp is on the desk"
  • yén (+prep.) = off
    • "The cat is off the chair"
  • únt (+prep.) = under
    • "Our dog is under the table"
  • ətā́ (+prep.) = between
    • "Keep this between us"
    • "Pick a number between one and ten"
  • tā́ (+prep.) = before
    • "I must get home before my delivery"
  • yûtā́ (+prep.) = in front of, before
    • "I'm in front of your house"
  • grū́ (+prep.) = near
    • "I stood near the bus stop"
  • čā́ (+prep.) = by
    • "We'll wait by the bridge"
  • nā́ (+prep.) = over
    • "The plane is now over Milan"
  • bṓn (+prep.) = behind
    • "What's behind that door?"
  • kīnā́ (+prep.) = beyond
    • "The house is beyond those hills"
  • akrā́ (+prep.) = across
    • "There is a bridge across the river."
  • péəd (+prep.) = outside
    • "We're waiting outside your house"
  • ūnā́ (+prep.) = out of
    • "We're out of the office"
  • ízgrā (+prep.) = around
    • "There is a fence around the park"
  • kót (+prep.) = against
    • "The ladder is leant against the wall"
  • sádan (+prep.) = opposite
    • "There is a café opposite my house"
  • û́čnā (+prep.) = next to
    • "Next to the pub is a bank"
  • prôvā́ (+prep.) = against, opposed to
    • "I'm against smoking in public"

Terminative caseEdit

  • yû́nə (+term.) = until, as far as
    • "I'm working until the weekend"
    • "Go as far as the café"
    • "Pick a number from one to ten"
  • ə́tə (+term.) = during, in
    • "During the lesson they took notes"
    • "Can I stay for another hour? "
  • kī́nə (+term.) = after
    • "After the match they went home"
    • "We'll be home in five minutes"
  • yánə (+term.) = by
    • "By four o'clock you have to have left"
  • û́š kā́ (+term.) = less than
    • "I've been here for less than two years"

Comparative caseEdit

  • nṓd (+comp.) = like
    • "He swims like a fish"
  • ízgrāk (+comp.) = approximately, about
    • "I have approximately £1000 in the bank"

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