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Name: Kikyo

Type: Agglutinative

Alignment: Ergative

Head Direction: Final

Number of genders: 2

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Numbers No Yes No No No No No No
Participles Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


SettingEdit

Kikyo is a highly agglutinating language that is spoken in the peaceful island country which is its namesake. The word order of Kikyo is generally SOV, although this is only customary and word order really does not change the meaning of a sentence as it does in English. Kikyo has no known relatives, aside from the few "dialects" spoken in the Sea of Retōchi, which may in fact be totally different languages altogether.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labiode. Dental Alveol. Postalve. Retrofl. Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyn. Epiglot. Glottal
Plosives p b k g
Affricates
Fricatives ɸ t d h
Lateral Fricatives θ ð s z ʃ ʒ
Lateral Affricates ɴ
Nasals m n ɲ ŋ
Trills r
Flaps / taps ɺ
Glides Approxim. l j ɰʷ
Lateral Appr.
Co-art. approx.

VowelsEdit

Front Near front Central Near back Back
Close i y ɯ u
Near-close
Close-mid e ø o
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open æ
Open a ɑ

PhonotacticsEdit

90% of syllables in Kikyo go by the regular pattern of CV. However, some consonant clusters and CVC syllables are permissible. CVC syllables are only allowed when the ending consonant is either m, n, s, ŋ, or t. There are some notable CCV as well. The rule is that the only consonants that may procede another consonant, excluding the five in the last sentence, are r, l, t, d, and θ. These CCV mustn't ever start a word though as they should always have a vowel before them.

Basic GrammarEdit

DECLENSION

Kikyo nouns have gender, case, and number just like Latin and a couple other familiar European languages like German and to some minimal extent, French and English. However the genders are not masculine, feminine, or neuter, but animate and inanimate. Also unlike these familiar tongues, gender is not arbitrary in Kikyo at all. Animate nouns only refer to people, animals, and plants. Inanimate nouns are everything else; nonliving things, abstract concepts, etc. There are four numbers in Kikyo: singular which is the same in Latin and English; dual which used to exist in those two languages, but ceased to later on. The dual basically menas "two -s" or "a pair/couple of -s"; paucal which has not existed in either language as far I know, has two distinct meanings depending on whether or not an ordinal number is found before it. If there is one, then this just functions like the partitive in Finnish and it is a numbered plurals (e.g. "two dogs", "three cats", etc.). If there isn't one though, then the paucal instead means "few" or "some"; and finally plural which is the exact same in English, except for the fact that it cannot be numbered. Lastly there is the problem of cases. English has a maximum of three cases, Latin has five (or six if you count the vocative), and Finnish has 15. Kikyo, on the other hand, has ? different cases! In order to make them a little less frightening, the ? are divided into ? different categories depending on what their meanings are. The most basic category is called the grammatical case group and it is perhaps the most important as it encompasses the most primal of cases, namely the absolutive, ergative, genitive, dative, benefactive, prolative, and the pertingent. Next is the marginal category which includes the essive, exessive, translative, comitative, instrumental, and abessive cases. Last, but certainly not least, are the locative cases, of which over twenty are in commmon usage. Examples of these are the adessive, ablative, inessive, and the superlative (not the degree of adjectives!).

DictionaryEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name

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