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Kranti

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Kranti
Kiranti yoli
Type
Aglutinative
Alignment
Tripartite
Head direction
Final
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

    Main article: Kranto-Fenikic languages

This    is a language made of my Science-fiction  book Astral Tale. It is designed to sound alien.

431b325f9d2024cf46ab3dc9badb3097

Lara, the Laranese homeworld

Kranti or Common Laranese as humans called it is lingua franca of Laranese feline alien species.  It was the first alien language described by human scholars. It is one of 2000 languages spoken on their homeworld of Lara, belonging to Krantic branch of Kranto-Fenikic language family, being the national language of Krant kingd


Kranti dialects

Main article: Kranti dialects

  Kranti is very dialectal, are many dialects on their homeworld and their colonies. 
Main dialects are Rodian or Standard Kranti, Sambelic Kranti and Erin.

PhonologyEdit

Download

A Kranti speaker

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m/m/ n/n/ ny /ɲ/ ng/ŋ/
Plosive p /p/ b/b/ t/t/ d/d/ c/c/ j/ɟ/ k/k/ g/g/
Fricative f/f/ v/v/ s/s/ z/z/

sh/ʃ/

zh/ʒ/

cx/ç/

jx/ʝ/

x/x/ gh/ɣ/

Affricate

ts/ts/ dz/dz/

tl/tɬ/

dl/dɮ/

ch/ʧ/

dj /ʤ/

kx/kx/

q/gɣ/

Approximant vw /ʋ/

y/j/ w/w/
Trill rb/ʙ/ r/r/
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.

ls / ɬ/

lz /ɮ/

Lateral app. l /l/
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close i /i/ u /u/
Mid e /e/ o /o/
Open a /a/

AlphabetEdit

   Sarah Matthew, the first human linguist who became familiar with Kranti has adopted a Latin orthography for this language used in this article. There are also a native script to write Kranti but it has decreased in use after the human-laranese contact.

PhonotacticsEdit

   The maximal syllabe structure is CVVC, consonant clusters are forbidden. Vowels have three degrees of length: short, long and extralong.

GrammarEdit

    Kranti like the Native American language Nez Perce, but in contrast with majority of human languages use the tripartite system.

NounsEdit

Noun numberEdit

Nouns display three numbers: singular (one thing), paucal( several things), plural(many things)

Noun number Suffix
singular none
paucal -tin
plural -angi

Nouns casesEdit

Case Suffix Role
Absolutive none subject of a intransitive clause
Ergative -ka subject of a transitive clause
Accusative -san direct object
Dative -vwer indirect object
Locative -giiin location
Instrumental -jein modality

VerbsEdit

Kranti verbs are conjugated according to person, number, tense,aspect, mood, voice and evidentiality.

Fourth person inflectionEdit

Kranti language feature a so-called fourth person which use to express impersonal verbs or to distinguish two third person perfomers in a clause. For example the English phrase "He is leaving because he is sick" is ambiguous because is not sure if is refer to one or two persons and is not clear who is leaving and who is staying. This is not case of Kranti.

Person, number and tense inflectionEdit

There are only two tenses: future and non-future. The verb stems are terminated in a consonant.


Non-future intransitive subject suffixes
Singular Paucal Plural
First -ao -epo -emi
Second -avi -ifin -eber
Third -erbi -areng -rimi
Fourth -ena -enyu -nitu
Non-future transitive subject suffixes
singular paucal plural

First

-ui -ghuui -wani
Second -owe -veeen -vimi
Third -bun -voni -avni
Fourth -jxei -cxii -ice


Non-future object suffixes
singular paucal plural
First -ivpi -vopen -ovpe
Second -oyer -yera -lei
Third -pima -ipma -inyu
Fourth -djeyu -zheri -jeli
Future intransitive subject suffixes
singular paucal plural
First -ara -epara -mara
Second -avara -ifara -ebeera
Third -erbara -rengira -rimara
Fourth -enara -nyara -nitara
Future transitive subject suffixes
singular paucal plural
First -ura -ghuura -wanara
Second -owara -veeera -vimara
Third -bura -vonara -avnara
Fourth -jxera -cxaara -icera
Future object suffixes
singular paucal plural
First -ivpara -vopera -ovpara
Second -oyera -yaara -leiira
Third -pimra -ipmara -inyara
Fourth -djeyara -zherara -jelara

AspectEdit

Aspects in Kranti grammar:

-Perfective : -a completed action , unmarked

-Imperfective: -a uncompleted action, -laren

-Momentane: -occurrence is sudden and short-lived, -awej

-Iterative: -expresses the repetition of an event, -ghija

MoodsEdit

Indicative, unmarked

Subjunctive, a ipotetic action, -rats

Optative, a wish, -laka

Imperative, a command, -dzeb

Potential,  probability indicating that, in the opinion of the speaker, the action or occurrence is considered likely, -uto

Permissive, action is permitted by the speaker, -bavwe 

Voice

Active, unmarked

Passive, -veba

Reflexive, -elpa

Adjustative, to help to, -yu

EvidentialityEdit

visual sensory, -ta

non-visual sensory, -rian

inferential,-ama

reported, -ope

Nonfinite formsEdit

Nonfinite forms of a verb is:

-Infinite, the basic form of verb

-Gerund, the verbal noun obtained with -ydli

-Supine, the adverbial form of verb -ghaarb

AdjectivesEdit

Kranti doesn't have proper adjectives, but use stative verbs instead of them. Their inflection is identical to normal verbs. The are terminated with the -we suffix.

ComparisionEdit

The comparasion is made analitycal be adding the following before the stative verb:

-dei, denoting the superiority

-ara, denoting the equality

-jxew, denoting the inferiority

-kxas, denoting the superlative

PronounsEdit

Personal pronounsEdit

Because of Kranti nature the personal pronouns are used only for emphasis.

singular paucal plural
First Nga Gana Inyei
Second Okxew Yuuu Vaac
Third Haji Kali Cxaz
Fourth Qen Dlesi Zhej

Demonstrative pronounsEdit

 Kranti exbit four degree of deixis, proximal (near the both speakers), 
medial (near the second speaker, but far to first),
 distant to both speakers but still visible, 
 invisible to both speakers.
singular paucal plural
proximal lsin lsintin lsinangi
medial tler tlertin tlerangi
distant fegi fegitin fegiangi
invisible rbee rbeetin rbeeangi

NumbersEdit

Kranti use the hexadecimal system, because their hand and their foot  have only four digits.

Number Kranti
0 pati
1 ada
2 jxeen
3 qei
4 konya
5 dlaanu
6 eeevu
7 ooyrta
8 loik
9 eewqa
10 baitu
11 ngagi
12 rolsu
13 lzasii
14  jecxaa
15 alkoo
16 reeluu
256  annyuuu
4096 munuu
65536 vwequ
1048576 lafik
16777216 fasghi
268435456 zhed
429497296 yulir

The multiples of powers of 16 is by adding the coresponding divisor as a prefix to that power. For example 32 is jxeenreeluu. Complex numbers like 33, 50 is formed by the number that needed to added as a suffix. For example 33 is jxeenreeluuada and 50 qeireeluuujxeen. The ordinary example is made by adding the suffix  -car to the cardinal one. 

SyntaxEdit

Kranti is a VOS (verb-object-subject) and a head-final language.

NegationEdit

Negation is realised with the particle vak placed before verb.

QuestionEdit

Question are formed by placing gherta before verb. Noun suffixes order

The noun compund is stem-case suffix-number suffix

Verbal suffix order

The verbal compund is stem-tense,person,number suffix-aspect suffix-mood suffix-voice suffix-evidentiality suffix.

VocabularyEdit

Main article:Kranti vocabulary

yoli-language

jaun-male

ghora-female

laraju-laran farbue-planet

sarkan-moon


Example text

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