|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
Kumar is the classical and one of the official languages of the Republic of Kumari. Although Kumar is still the lingua franca and the language used in government, it is a dead language, i. e. no one in Kumari has it as their mother tongue. In the 11th century Kumar started developing a case of diglossia, coexisting two varieties: Classical Kumari and Vulgar Kumari. It was the vulgar variety the one which gave birth to the modern Kumari languages, such as Udul, Kontu, Kentami and various other languages spoken throughout the country.
Kumar does not distinguish phonologically between voiced and voiceless consonants, the distinction is made between aspirated, plan and tense consonants.
|Nasal||m /m/||n /n/||ṅ /ɲ/|
|Plosive||ṗ /pʰ/||ṭ /tʰ/||c /c/||ḳ /kʰ/|
|p /p/~/b/||t /t/~/d/||k /k/~/g/|
|ṕ /pː/||ṯ /tː/||ḵ /kː/|
|Fricative||s /s/||ṣ /ʂ/||y /ʝ/||h /h/|
|Approximant||v /ʋ/||ṛ /ɻ/|
|Flap or tap||r /ɾ/|
|Lateral app.||l /l/||ḷ /ɫ/|
|Close||ī /iː/||ū /uː/|
|Near-close||i /ɪ/||u /ʊ/|
|Close-mid||e /e/||o /o/|
|Open-mid||ē /ɛː/||ō /ɔː/|
|Open||ā /aː/||a /ɑ/|
Official Romanization of Kumar comprises 35 letters:
a ā c ċ e ē h i ī k ḳ ḵ l ḷ m n ṅ o ō p ṗ ṕ r ṛ s ṣ t ṭ ṯ u ū v y ai au
Since I haven't created a conscript for Kumar yet, the language is written using the Sinhala script.
Kumari has a canonical word order of SOV
As seen in the table above, verbs are the most complex part in Kumari grammar: they conjugate for gender (masculine, feminine and irrational), number (singular and plural), tense (past, present and future), person (1st, 2nd and 3rd), mood (indicative, evidential, mirative, subjunctive, conditional, potential and interrogative), voice (active, passive and causative) and aspect (perfective, imperfective, habitual, progressive, inceptive, terminative, durative and iterative).
Verbs show polypersonal agreement as well, the agreement can have up to four arguments (subject, direct object, indirect object and the benefitiary of the action). Some verbs can be replaced when using a more formal language. There are also auxiliary verbs to demonstrate evidentiality and mirativity, these is the case some verbs as hana and kānda, these two verbs have no meaning, they just conjugate for the moods cited above.
Verb root.BENEFICIARY.IND OBJ.DIR OBJ.TENSE.ASPECT.MOOD.VOICE.PERSON+NUMBER+GENDER
Present tense, indicative mood and active voice have no markers.
While I was eating