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La'ana

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La'ana
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations No
Genders No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
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Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator TheZephron

La'ana is spoken by the Elwiudians of Ieluris. The very animistic and original tribe of the island and Elwiudians, the Ulaeaki, speak their La'ana in its original form. Being a tribe of basic and cannibalistic former slaves, their living off of the land left language at the very end of their focus. However two other subraces of Elwiudian who had split from the Ulaeaki early on in their history, being the Illufari and the Faobhar that occupy both their own separate regions of the island speak a more advanced and wider dialect of La'ana usually referred to as the Faobhar La'ana. The advancements in technology, farming, and the dedication of people to language and the arts gave way to new additions to the dialect and many in-depth examples of their work.

Classification and DialectsEdit

La'ana is split into two major dialects distinguished by the sub-races of the Elwiudians. The lexicon of the Ulaeaki La'ana is limited by the stalled development of the tribes, restricted environment, and religion. However with the leaps in linguistics, trade, and science of the Faobhar give them a larger lexicon with words with no translation into Ulaeaki La'ana except for the assimilation of Faobhar words through trade. La'ana is influenced by the Hawaiian language among smaller elements of eastern European languages for the split and distinctions of the dialects. 



PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal       m        n ŋ
Stop p      b t      d k    g ʔ
Fricative [f]       s      z
Approximant [θ]       [ɹ] j w h
Lateral app. l     

Vowels

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i u
Near-close

ɪ

ʊ
Close-mid

ĕ

Mid ə
Open-mid

ɛ

ɔ
Near-open æ
Open ɑ
Diphthongs
ju
ɛɚ̯
äɪ̯

PhonotacticsEdit

Common consonant clusters that occur are [mk] [bn] [kn] [bl] 

Writing SystemEdit

Both dialects use their own written alphabets and symbols, however the use of the Latin alphabet is acceptable in absence of comprehension of the two unique alphabets.

Letter L K B Q M Gn/ Ñ P Y G S T W
Sound l k b k m ŋ p j g s t w
Letter N ' H D A Ā E Ē I Ī O Ō
Sound n ʔ h d æ ɑ

ɛ

ĕ

ɪ

i ɔ u
Letter U Ū F Th R Z Ou Īu Ei Ea/Ae Aī Au
Sound ə ʊ f θ ɹ z ju ɛɚ̯ äɪ̯


 These consonants are only used in Faobhar La'ana or adopted words from Faobhar. 

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

To plural a noun, the addition of ['o], or just [o] if there is a consonant at the end of the word. To construct possessive pronouns with this such as "Ours" the word will look as so [O'o'm] with "I" being [O'], "We" being [O'o] and the addition of the possessive marker after the plural marker.

To give possession to a noun, the addition of ['m] is added unless ended by a consonant in which [u'm] is added.

VerbsEdit

Tense Default Perfect Continuous Perfect Cont.
Present -- En Lū Enlū
Past Lūll’ī Enlūll’ī Lilūll’ī Enlilūll’ī
Future Mae’ū Enmae’ū Limae’ū Enlimae’ū
Infinitive Ae'e -- -- --

With La'ana, the use of separate words to signify tense is used in conjunction with suffices for perfect, continuous and perfect continuous to these separate words, along with conditional words such as [Da'i]"Would",[Da'a] "Could" and [Da'u] "Should", as well as the command modifier of [Num]. This also includes infinitive which uses the word ae'e to signify that the verb is infinitive. Verbs however are always ended with the consonant [m]. Regular verbs end in a set CV(M) structure such as [Anam] "To be" however the vowel and consonant can become irregular. Verbs do add suffices for signifying politeness with [-ikayo/-kayo]; and to show that the subject of the verb is either Living (No suffix added), Dead [-yiknam] and Inanimate [-ponam] which are placed instead of the CV(M) cluster and before the polite suffix.

In the alphabets of Ulaeaki the verb ending of CV(M) is always written as [nm] regardless of the consonant and vowel which must be memorized. This gives some hint to where the verb in the sentence is. Two exceptions to this rule being [Lam] "To give" and [Am] "To have" which are slept [Lnm] and [Nm] respectively.

Adjectives Edit

Adjectives in La’ana agree to the noun that it describes as long as they are not the subject of the sentence.

Living: -i

Dead: -ae

Inanimate: -it

Conceptual: -eu

(If the adjective ends with a vowel the use of a ‘ to separate the suffix with the adjective.)

AdverbsEdit

Adverbs using adjectives to describe verbs, do not use the same suffix but require only one general suffix to indicate it is an adverb.

-akwi

SyntaxEdit

The word order of La'ana is commonly SVO 

Question Modifier| Subject [Modifier](-adjective|Modifier|)| Tense | Verb [Modifier] (-adverb)| Object (-adjective|Modifier)

LexiconEdit

Greetings

Īli’o--Hello

hū pali?--How are you?

pali--Good

palipali--Great

anaʻik pali--Same as always

bapnū hū?--And how are you?

Maoʻnū hūʻm inoa?--Whatʻs your name?

oʻm inoa ___.--My name is ___.

Īliʻo--Goodbye

Kik’i--Mother

Kik’--Father

O’ kikanam li…--Please...

Li num lam o’...--{Li num ram o’...} Give me...

Kala--Money/coin

Anukayo--Thank you

Anyo nukime--No problem

Īli’o kikanam--Excuse me

Akani sulmi’o hū am?--How old are you?

O’ am ___ sulmi’o--I’m ___ years old.

Yy--Yes

Anyo---No

Nan--Maybe

Nanikayo--Perhaps

Numbers

0-Keto

1-Kahi

2-Eio

3-Īani

4-Suda{Fuda}

5-Kuew {Quew}

6-Desuna

7-Hana

[8]10-Heitha

[9]11-Heitha-kahi

[10]12-Heitha-eio

~The Elwiudians possess a Base 8 counting system however for the use outside of the race or reference to them I have included the numbers to fit a Base 10 system.

Time

Mao’nū laklau li?--What time is it?

Auin’(i)--After,past(time)

Koeka’(i)--Before, to(time)

Po--At

Po mao’nū laklau?--At what time?

Haka--Day

Ddag--Noon

Auin’ddag--Afternoon

Koeka’haka--Night

Golni--Yesterday

Golani--Tomorrow

Lani--Today

Bik--Second

Bakī--Minute

Hola--Hour

Heitha’haka--Week

Kinau’haka--Month

Mīkikai’haka--Year

Haka’kahi Monday

Haka’eio Tuesday

Haka’iani Wednesday

Haka’suda Thursday

Haka’kuew Friday

Haka’desuna Saturday

Haka’hana Sunday

Mao’nū haka aok heitha’haka egno?--What day of the week is this?

Egno haka’eio.--This is Tuesday.

An’eio January

An’iani February

Miki’kahi March

Miki’eio April

Miki’iani May

Rao’kahi June

Rao’eio July

Rao’iani August

Uidi’kahi September

Uidi’eio October

Uidi’iani November

An’kahi December

Mao’nu kinau’haka egno?--What month is this?

Egno miki’iani.--This is May.

~The use of [Egno] "This" or the other demonstratives do not require a copula to follow it as in the last example, as the fact is implied.

Weather

īa anu’u--(the) cold

īa akna--(the) rainy

īa hu’ikin--(the) chilly

īa mkini--(the) windy

īa pou’uli--(the) calm

īa malie--(the) overcast, cloudy

īa pu’unki--(the) warm

īa elaw--(the) hot

īa kin’na--(the) stormy

īa oul’ie--(the) cool, pleasant

īa uin’na--(the) season

īa lao’uin’na--(the) summer

īa uidi’uin’na--(the) fall, autumn

īa an’uin’na--(the) winter

īa miki’uin’na--(the) spring

Pehia?--How is/are?

Pehia lani? elaw?--How’s (the weather) today? hot?

Elaw anam lani--Today is hot.

Egno elaw haka.--This is a hot day.

~A note that “lani” and “īani” are separate, the former means day and the latter means the number. The use of “Pehia” is only for the weather, if you wish to say How is/are otherwise, use “Aka anam”. Description of the weather precede the object it is describing in all cases.

Questions

Hiwi--Who

Mao’nū--What

Kui’a--Where

Nū’lukau--When

Doam--Why

Aist--Because

Aka--How

Aka’ki--How much

Akani--How many

Nū’lyo--What kind

Pronouns

O’--I

Hū--You

Li--He

Li’i--She

Li--It

O’o--We

Hū’o--You(plural)

Li’o--Them

Colours

Lakūl {Rakūl}--Red

Muinal--Orange

Konūl--Yellow

Manaūl--Green

Uiknil--Blue

Knilol {Snirol}--Purple

Piknlil {Fiknril}--Pink

Blokūl--Brown

Knykol {Kna’akol}--Black

Kualmkal {Quarmkal}--White

Gnīlolkul {Gnrolkal}--Grey

Wi- Light-

Yo- Dark-

Conjunctions

Bapnū (or Bap, for quick use or repetition)--And

Man--But

Gi--Or

Yogi--Nor

Ikau--Yet

Igaok--So

Hei’i--Also

Demonstrative

Egno--This

Egno’o--These

Egni--That

Egni’o--Those

Adjectives

īa--The

Wainu--Some

Olina--Only/Just

Yo’anu--More

ī--If

Anu'a--Enough

Ana’ik--Always


Prepositions

Kī{Suī}--Above/on

Ke{Seī}--Below

Onī--In

Onī hikau aok--In front of

Laone--Behind

Ai gauk aok--To the left of

Ai hagkī aok--To the right of

Kippi--Close

Kipepi--Very close

Enni ai--Next to

Igi--There

Igo--Here

Ku’o igi--Over there

Oninī--Between

Aok--Of/for

Ai--To

Bi--By

Kna--With

Po--At

Ya'iga--From

Kisu--As

Knaonī--Within

Anie--Beside

Aist aok--Because of

Onī lieu aok--By means of

Onī kikin aok--In favour for

Liuw--Since

Didani--Through/via

Eliman'a--Along

Ou'ame--Until

Sikasi--After

Sikabiki--Before

Aunimani--Across

Example textEdit

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