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Lakavezik

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OrthographyEdit

AlphabetEdit

A Ä B C Ċ D DL E Ë F Ə G Ġ H I Ï J K L M N O Ö P Q R S T TL U Ü V W X Y Ÿ Z Ż
a æ b ts d ɛ e f ə g ʝ h x ɪ i j k l m n ɔ œ p ç r s ʃ t u y v v ks ɪ i z ʒ

The alphabet consists of 40 letters, although x and w are used only in foreign place names (e.g. Wallis stlə Fortuna - Wallis and Fortuna) and international neologisms (e.g. watt).

The digraphs dl and tl are classed as individual letters in their own right. They are placed after d and t respectively in alphabetical order.

Lakavezik spelling is very phonemic, meaning that the letters rarely stray from the phonemes they are intended to represent.

Basic GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Lakavezik nouns come in several different forms, as suffixes are added to the end of them depending on the noun's case, number, article and possession. More than one suffix can be added to a noun, for example aldleqnaedlbön "in the house", made from aldleq "house" + naedl "the" + bön "in".

ArticlesEdit

Articles in Lakavezik are added as enclitics to the end of the noun. There are two articles, an indefinate and a definate.

  • The indefinate article is made by adding the suffix -naedl. So for example aldleq means "house", and aldleqnaedl means "a house".
  • The definate article is made by adding the suffix -soeg. So "the house" is written aldleqsoeg.

NumberEdit

There are two numbers in Lakavezik, singular and plural. The plural is marked by the any of the endings: -an, -än, -en, -ën, -in, -ïn, -on, -ön, -un, -ün, -yn or -ÿn. Which ending is used depends on the last vowel of the noun. For example "yslantl" is pluralised to "yslantlan", and "velës" is pluralised to "velësën".

Possessive SuffixesEdit

Nouns are modified depending on who owns them, by means of a suffix. The possessive suffix replaces an article suffix.

Suffix Meaning Oereg
(Car)
English
-nu my oeregnu my car
-dunə your oeregdunə your car
-fen his oeregfen his car
-ṡanu her oeregṡanu her car
-noċaelu our oeregnoċaelu our car
-tlotlə their oeregtlotlə their car
-kadÿ it's oeregkadÿ it's car

CasesEdit

Nouns in Lakavezik come in several different cases, with each case represented with a different suffix added to the end of the noun.

Case Suffix gulä
(bird)
Absoloutive -none- gulä
Genitive -gotlə gulägotlə
Dative -tün gulätün
Locative -bön guläbön
Allative -tloe gulätloe
Ablative -pontlə guläpontlə
Instrumental -veq guläveq
Ablative-Instrumental -dluvn gulädluvn
Associative -sinnlä guläsinnlä
Equative -këren guläkëren
Antiequative -kërennə guläkërennə

VerbsEdit

Lakavezik employs a sort-of Verb-Subject-Object word order. Unlike in English however, the objects and subjects are attatched to the verb in the way of a clitic. For example "vetleṡunakdlae" meaning "I love you" can be split into "vetleṡun" (love) + "nav" (I) + "dlae" (you).

  • nav: I/me
  • dlae: you
  • fen: he/him
  • seṡeq: she/her
  • vevän: they/them
  • qoelu: we/us
  • tlə: it

Examples:

  • golaeġnavdlae - I hate you
  • golaeġseṡeqfen - She hates him

TenseEdit

There are a few tenses in Lakavezik, represented, as most other things in Lakavezik, with a suffix.

Tense Suffix Unnu
(to do)
English Equivalent
Past -drə unnudrə did
Future -grə unnugrə will do
Perfect -krə unnukrə have done
Progressive -senċə unnusenċə be doing
Gerund -dunnə unnudunnə doing

Examples:

  • unnudəntlkeṡqoelu - we have done
  • vetlynäzəgaelnav - I will talk
  • vetlynäzəgaelnavdlae - I will talk to you

NegationEdit

To negate a verb, as in "I did not do that"., you place the word narän before the verb. So for example narän unnudrənavaċonuz means "I did not do that", whereas unnudrənavaċonuz means "I did that", split into "unnudrə" (did) + "nav" (I) + "aċonuz" (that).

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives are fairly easy. An adjective comes after the noun it is describing, much like in French. They come in a few different forms:

Case Suffix hoerdlə
happy
Definintion
- - hoerdlə happy
comparitive -ġu hoerdləġu happier
superlative -kan hoerdlkan happiest

For example "the happy fish" is written "spaesəsoeg hoerdlə".

NumbersEdit

Cardinal Ordinal
0 ṡtlə ṡtləzer
1 tlapav tlapavar
2 dör
3 geb geber
4 fac facar
5 holän holänär
6 hekä hekär
7 uepavl uepavlar
8 ipt iptir
9 noec noecer
10 sezel sesseler
11 sezeltlapav sesseltlapavar
12 sezeldö sesseldör
13 sezelgeb sesselgeber
14 sezelfac sezelfacar
20 dösezel dösezeler
21 dösezeltlapav dösezeltlapavar
50 holänsezel holänsezeler
100 orosoegon orosoegonor
200 dorosoegon dorosoegonor
1000 qrpae qrpaer
3000 gebqrpae gebqrpaer

In word order, to indicate a numerical quantity of a noun, the number comes after the noun. So for example "därganə" means "train", "därganən" means "trains", and "därganən holän" means "five trains".

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