Language of the Four/Phonology

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The language of the four has a rather easy (single) vowel system of only 5 different vowels:

Front Central Back
Close y i
Near-close o
Open-mid ɛ
Open a

All of these vowels can be short or long.


The diphthong system of the LotF is also not very hard. There are only the following 6 diphthongs:

/ɪ/ /ʊ/
/a/ /aɪ̯/ /aʊ̯/
/ɛ/ /ɛɪ̯/ -
/ɔ/ /ɔɪ̯/ /ɔʊ̯/
/ʏ/ /ʏɪ̯/ -


The consonant system of the LotF is a bit more complicated - very often, consonants change because of assimilation or devoicing. These sound changes are listed in the alphabet section of this page.

Consonants in () occur in spoken language (because of sound changes) but they are not regarded as actual sounds and they do not have their own letter.

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal (m) n (ŋ)
Plosive p b t d k g (ʔ)
Fricative f (v) (ð) s ʃ (h)
Affricate t͡s t͡ʃ
Approximant j
Trill r
Lateral app. l


Sounds Notes
A a /a/ -
B b /b/ /f/ in intervocalic position, /p/ in coda position
C c /t͡ʃ/ -
D d /d/ /ð/ in intervocalic position, /t/ in coda position
E e /ɛ/ -
F f /f/ /v/ in intervocalic position
G g /g/ /h/ in intervocalic position, /k/ in coda position
I i /i/ -
J j /j/ -
K k /k/ /g/ in intervocalic position
L l /l/ -
N n /n/ /m/ before /p/ and /b/, /ŋ/ before /k/ and /g/
O o /o/ /ɔ/ in diphthongs
P p /p/ /b/ in intervocalic position
Q q /ʃ/ -
R r /r/ -
S s /s/ -
T t /t/ /d/ in intervocalic position
U u /y/ /ʏ/ in diphthongs
W w /ʊ/ only used for second vowel in diphthongs
Y y /ɪ/ only used for second vowel in diphthongs
Z z /t͡s/ -

The sound /ʔ/ does not have an own letter - and its existence in the Fourish language is somewhat of a debate. The usage of this sound depends on a speaker's dialect and does not alter the meaning of any word. The sound (if used) can only appear before vowels in initial position of a word.

Long vowels are created by doubling the according vowel letter.


The stress of a Fourish word falls onto the penultimate (in words ending with a vowel) or on the ultimate (in words ending with a consonant).

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