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Latin Novo

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Overview

SettingEdit

Latin modernized into a Romance language, maintaining a little more conjugation than it did in our world. The genitive case still exists, as do 3 genders. it has been influenced by Germanic contact, and this has influenced vocabulary and some grammar features.

Basic GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

  • Masculine - often end in 'o', genitive singular 'os'; plural 'i' and plural genitive 'is'
  • Feminine - often end in 'a', genitive singular 'as'; plural 'e' and plural genitive 'es'
  • Neuter - often end in 'u', genitive singular 'us'; plural 'a' and plural genitive 'as'

ExamplesEdit

  • la rosa, le rose
  • lo rego, li regi
  • lu ovu, la ova

AdjectivesEdit

  • Agree with the noun they modify in endings (o/a/u and i/e/a)
  • Comparative is always -ior-, superlative is -issim- in short adjectives (1 or 2 syllable root) and -ism- in long adjectives
  • Some are irregular:
    • small - lytlo, minoro, minimo
    • great - magno, majoro, maximo
    • good - bono, melioro, optimo; also as bato, bettero, betsto in dialect
    • good - tello, telloro, tellissimo (Germanic borrowing; good, useful)
    • bad - malo, pejoro, pessimo
    • evil - yflo, wierso, wiersto
    • many - multo, pluro, plurimo
    • many - manigo, manigro, manigissimo
  • In comparative and superlative, the adjective precedes the noun
  • Conjugation:
    • masc. sing. lo magno, los magnos
    • masc. pl. li magni, lis magnis
    • fem. sing. la magna, las magnas
    • fem. pl. le magne, les magnes
    • neut. sing. lu magnu, lus magnus
    • neut. pl. la magna, las magnas
      • Example: lo rego magno habe un caro bono - the great king has a good car
      • lo magnoro rego habe un melioro caro - the greater king has a better car.

AdverbsEdit

  • From the adjective, drop any gender ending, and add 'e' and in the superlative use 'issime'
    • magne, majore, maxime
    • telle, tellore, tellissime

ArticlesEdit

  • Definite Article
    • the: lo, la, lu; li, le, la
    • that: illo, illa, illu; illi, ille, illa
    • this; isto, ista, istu; isti, iste, ista

VerbsEdit

  • there are of 3 types: ar, er, ir
  • Present Indicative: o, as, at, amos, atis, an
    • amar: amo, amas, amat, amamos, amatis, aman
      • Example: Lo homo amat jua femina nova - the man loves his new woman/girlfriend
      • Example: Li homini aman le novisme femine - the men love the newest women.
  • Past Perfect AR: avo, aviste, avit, avimos, avistis, aviron
    • amar: amavo, amaviste, amavit, amavimos, amavistis, amaviron
  • Past Imperfect AR: abo, abas, abat, abamos, abatis, aban
    • I did, i was doing; used for any past action, continual or at a point in time
    • amar: amabo, amabas, amabat, amabamos, amabatis, amaban
      • Le femine amaban la television de Sony.

DictionaryEdit

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Example textEdit

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