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Latinized Farnian

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Latinized Farnian
Lioŋ Faornnis Lotovnnninib
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Nominative–accusative
Head direction
Not certainly
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
5
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


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Latinized Farnian

"Latinized Farnian" written in English, Latinized Farnian and Farnian alphabet.




General informationEdit

Latinized Farnian is the second version of Farnian. It was based on Old Farnian and Latin. The pronunciation and spelling is much more chaotic than Modern Farnian.

Although the sentences are quite short,but the rule of pronunciation is very chaotic.

There exist some dialects: Sliaver(Zliaawer in La.F.), Biajuan(Biëmduën in La.F.), Upper Latinized Farnian(Wogënfaorn in La.F.)

PhonologyEdit

AlphabetsEdit

At first, there were no lower case in both the Latin script and Latinized Farnian. So some ancient articles might look like this:

TOVTEIXOTTRAESIR, ILLON LINFOCC RJSIERRERES AASC, "WANLINN".

(To tell them from Holstaurs, people named them after "Vanlinn".)

SAEɥOIPRLA (Sae Oiprla)

The lower case was actually developed in Renaissanse, with Early Modern Farnian.

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff
Aa Be Ec Do Ea Ef
Gg Hh Ii Jj Ll Mm
Ge He I Apec I/J Le Em
Nn Ŋŋ Oo Pp Rr Ss
En Ov Ep Er Es
Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Zz
To U V Svs Ex Ze
Ëë ï ü ɥ1
E Fëlvųto

I sinninnib

I palïaetir

U sinninnib eɥas
  1. "ɥ" is only used in names.

I Apec = Long I

V Svs = Lip V

E Fëlvųto = Flat E

I sinnac = Silent I

I palïaetir = Palatal I

U sinnac = Silent U

Latinized Farnian can also be written in Farnian Alphabets. For example:

Lioy Faornnis Lotovnnninib 

You can find more information about Farnian alphabet here .

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Voiceless or Voiced ~less ~ed ~less ~ed ~less ~ed ~less ~ed ~less ~ed ~less ~ed ~less ~ed
Nasal m/m/ n/n/ ŋ/ŋ/
Stop p/p/ b/b/ t/t/ d/d/ ti,tï,ci,cï/c/ di,dï,gi,gï/ɟ/ c/k/ g/g/ ɥ /ʔ/
Fricative w/ɸ/ f/f/ s/s/ z/z/ su,sü/ʃ/ zu,zü/ h/x/
Affricate sr/sɽ/ zr/zɽ/ tu,tü// du,dü/dʒ/ tr/ʈʂ/ dr/ɖʐ/
Approximant r/ɻ/
Lateral app. l/l/

VowelsEdit

Just like Latin,the Latinized Farnian has long and short vowels.

Front Central Back
Long Short Round Long Short Long Short
Close J/iː/ I/i/ U/y/ Vų/uː/1 V/u/
Mid Ei/eː/ E/e/ Ë/ə/ Ov/oː/ O/o/
Open Aa/aː/ A/a/ A/ɑ/2
  1. The letter "ų" was once "v",but it would be silimar to "w". So Farnian people usually added a hook under the second "v",and it became "ų".
  2. This can be only heard at the head of a word. Such as asrea /ɑ.sɽea/

SyllableEdit

A possible structure of a syllable is (C)(C)V(C)(C). Most of the time,a consonant must pronunce with the vowel behind it,just like Modern Farnian.

Combining consonantEdit

A rule that was discovered recently. Because of the hard-pronunciation of some consonants (such as, su,sü/ʃ/ zu,zü/ʒ/ tu,tü/tʃ/ du,dü/dʒ/ tr/ʈʂ/ dr/ɖʐ/ , especially ti,tï,ci,cï/c/ di,dï,gi,gï/ɟ/.), Latinized Farnian chooses some consonants to combine.

Combined/Omitted Consonants
r /ɻ/ n /n/, ŋ /ŋ/
/ɳ/, Faorn (Farnian)
r /ɻ/ l /l/
/ɾ/, Rlasuë (Russia)
s /s/ tr /ʈ͡ʂ/
/st͡s/, strefs (string)
s /s/ dr /ɖ͡ʐ/
/ʐ/, rosdra (meat)
s /s/ sü,su /ʃ/
/ʃ/, essü (to yell)
sü /ʃ/ tr /ʈ͡ʂ/
/ʃt͡ʃ/, Osütr (A place), tesütrë (to draw)
sü /ʃ/ dr /ɖ͡ʐ/
/ʐ/, südris (cloud)
sü /ʃ/ s /s/
/ʃ/, aaxesüsoll (It had)
t /t/ s /s/,z /z/
/t͡s/, tsest (mountain)
t /t/ tr /ʈ͡ʂ/,dr /ɖ͡ʐ/
/ʈ͡ʂ/, Pettr (A place)
tü /t͡ʃ/ tr /ʈ͡ʂ/, dr /ɖ͡ʐ/
/ʈ͡ʂ/, tütrv (to appear)
z /z/ tr /ʈ͡ʂ/, dr /ɖ͡ʐ/
/ʐ/, lazdr (poison)
z /z/ l /l/
/zɾ/, zlia (bread)
cï,dï,gï,tï /c/,/ɟ/ Any consonant
/c/,/ɟ/, ocïf (to sob, to cry)
Any consonant cï,dï,ci,di /c/, gï,tï,gi,ti /ɟ/, ŋ /ŋ/
Any consonant, ccios (wheat), collinetüŋër (They found)

Beware that the same consonants get togethoer won't really produce another new consonant. Such as horr,  hazzël, etc, there are same consonants together, but the pronunciations are still /xoɻ/ and /xazəl/.

Long VowelsEdit

/aː/ aa
/eː/ ei,eoe,eev,eov
/iː/ ee,j
/oː/ oov,ov
/uː/

DiphthongsEdit

Two or three certain vowel might have different pronunciation from the spelling.

/ai/ ae,aei,ai /oːe/ oe,oev,oei,ooi
/au/ ao,au,av,aev,aov /oi/ aoi,eoi,voi
/ea/ eia /uːa/ va
/ei/ ei,eei /we/ vev,vei
/eːo/ eio,eo /wi/ vi
/eu/ eev,eov,ev,eu /wo/ vo
/ia/ ia /uːo/ vov
/ie/ ie,iei
/io/ io,ioi,iio
/iu/ iev,iov,iu,iv

VerbEdit

Just like Latin,Latinized Farnian has four types of conjugation,depends on what the verb ends.

I-type VerbEdit

Conjugation I

(-b,d,dï,dü,g,gï,w,z,zü)

Voice Person Tense Mood Aspect
Active Passive Middle First Second Third Present Future Past Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Conditional Simple Inchoative Perfect Progressive
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Pural
Gender Masculine -e -o -us -i -j -sai -saj -la -laa -∅ -ti -tre -∅

Remove all suffix ahead and behind

-a

-il -fes -∅

Remove all suffix ahead and behind

-ottr

-vp -os
Feminine -ŋe -ŋei -ce -cei -cto -ctov -tj -trei -ovs
Mixed1 -eoss -ravp -susin -tio -tri -ios
Animate -wes -weis -teo -tevs -tv -tro -vos
Inanimate -pre -pro -prvs -fjro -fjrvs -cis -cjs -tus -trobot -uss
  1. Mixed Gender:When a verb is done by a group people with different genders(e.g. boys and girls),the gender of the verb should be Mixed. For example:Werdesusinios.(Boys and girls are running./People are running.)

II-type VerbEdit

Conjugation II

(-l,m,n,ŋ,r)

Voice Person Tense Mood Aspect
Active Passive Middle First Second Third Present Future Past Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Conditional Simple Inchoative Perfect Progressive
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Pural
Gender Masculine -~in -~ion -~ovfo -ie -je -sse -seis -op -opj -∅ -(~v)m -lin -∅

Remove all suffix ahead and behind

-a

-ses -ecca -∅

Remove all suffix ahead and behind

-zdra

-ox -o
Feminine -ŋos -ŋeis -de -der -rian -roov -(~e)m -gër -ir
Mixed -na -naac -etü -(~v)is -ŋër -less
Animate -wio -wivm -rit -rjtü -(~j)c -tera -edda
Inanimate -~er -~or -~vsia -fede -for -cco -cil -ga -gappoir -vger

"~" means "Repeat the last letter ahead." For example:Eillinrian.(She cries.)

III-type VerbEdit

Conjugation III

(-c,cï,f,h,p,s,sü,t,tï,tü)

Voice Person Tense Mood Aspect
Active Passive Middle First Second Third Present Future Past Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Conditional Simple Inchoative Perfect Progressive
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Pural
Gender Masculine -i -ce -bar -is -js -zaei -zaj -lyo -lyovn -∅ -we -rre -∅

Remove all suffix ahead and behind

-a

-mosen -dvren -∅

Remove all suffix ahead and behind

-iz

-app -is
Feminine -to -tovs -xe -xes -cfes -cfir -wi -rei -js
Mixed -cca -co -erre -wiss -res -ivs
Animate -as -aas -tus -tun -wod -rass -as
Inanimate -fjcsas -fesdon -cefe -cifi -wes -rewvas -vss

IV-type VerbEdit

Conjugation IV

(-vowels)

Voice Person Tense Mood Aspect
Active Passive Middle First Second Third Present Future Past Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Conditional Simple Inchoativ Perfect Progressive
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Pural
Gender Masculine -x -ede -o -e -ei -xa -xaa -ha -haa -∅ -we -ll -∅

Remove all suffix ahead and behind

-a

-sirio -vden -∅

Remove all suffix ahead and behind

-sc

-ioss -ta
Feminine -ŋo -ŋov -soco -cada -fe -feire -te
Mixed -dee -dise -esüso -ttas
Animate -wes -weis -teo -tevs -trofes
Inanimate -tessis

The last vowel of a IV-type verb must be replaced if the verb is passive or middle.

Any verb after another verb must be in inchoative aspect, which means "I'm about to do right after the previous action." in Latinized Farnian.

Irregular VerbEdit

Warning!! Large Table!!

Er(Be)Edit

Er Mood Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Conditional
Aspect Simple Perfect Simple Perfect Progressive Simple Perfect Progressive
Gender Person Number/Tense Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past
Masculine First Singular Er Erta Ersü Ies Iesin Iesson Ra
Plural Eir Eirta Eirsü Jes Jesin Jesson
Second Singular Or Orta Orsü Suor Suorin Suoron
Plural Ovr Ovrta Orsü Sisü Sisun Sisuon
Third Singular Ar Arta Arsü Caas Caasin Caasson
Plural Aar Aarta Aarsü Cesas Cesasin Cesasson
Femiline First Singular Er Erm Errill Te Tes Tessun
Plural Weis Weisim Weissill Tos Tosso Tossun
Second Singular Wees Weesim Weessill Aiwa Aiwas Aiwassun
Plural Weecs Weecsim Weecssill Wilier Wilierv Wilirs
Third Singular Jos Josim Jossill Worwo Worwvs Worweiss
Plural Jorla Jorlam Jorlall Jn Jnnta Jnndo
Mixed First Singular Dor Dorip Dorhis Gorsun Gorsan Gorzan
Plural Ŋor Ŋoro Ŋoras Gordon Gorda Gordi
Second Singular Ztre Ztress Ztrosia Zdris Zdrivs Zdraas
Plural Ŋes Ŋeso Ŋesas Gerd Gerda Gerddi
Third Singular Fcis Fcias Fccias Legen Legiën Legëm
Plural Ŋeipa Ŋeipo Ŋeipas Geip Geippo Geippass
Animate Second Singular Dis Disip Dishis Disto Disten Distion
Plural Dvs Dvsip Dvshis Dvwer Dvwor Dvwar
Third Singular Dovŋ Dovŋip Dovŋhis Dvŋwe Doŋ Dvŋwar
Plural Dvron Dvronip Dvronhis Diron Diross Dirast
Inanimate Second Singular Bor Borv Borjas Borra Borri Borres
Plural Borta Bortav Bortaas Bvrtin Bvrtein Bvrtann
Third Singular Opres Opresü Opresjas Otras Otrassin Otraan
Plural Oprexa Oprexus Oprexaas Otred Otreddis Otredde

For(Do)Edit

For Mood Indicative Imperative Inchoative Subjunctive Conditional
Aspect Simple Perfect Simple Perfect Progressive Simple Perfect Progressive
Gender Person Number/Tense Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past

Animate

(Incuding Ma,F,Mi)

First Singular For Forro Foris Dvų Dvųss Dvųsian Far Fatü
Plural Fors Forsun Fersun Dena Denio Denivs
Second Singular Scawa Scowad Sciwad Dicï Dicis Dicion
Plural Sia Sian Sienn Djcï Djciss Djcial
Third Singular Fope Fopis Foppin Dasfe Desffe Dasar
Plural Feg Feduis Fetuiss Lod Lodde Loddas
Inanimate First Singular
Plural
Second Singular Fec Foc Fecaa Cesfa Cesfer Cesfass
Plural Fist Fisten Fistaa Eetü Etüta Etütor
Third Singular Fvs Fusü Fvsua Etratü Etrotus Etrovs
Plural Fah Fahas Fihas Asden Esden Aesdenn

Wva(See)Edit

Active VoiceEdit

Wva Mood Indicative Imperative Inchoative Subjunctive Conditional
Aspect Simple Perfect Simple Perfect Progressive Simple Perfect Progressive
Gender Person Number/Tense Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past

Any Gender

First Singular Wv Wvas Wos Ader Ador Aderrio Waa Wes Watio
Plural Wvų Wvaas Woer Adeir Ahes Aor
Second Singular Werr Wera Wop Asuor Azuos Azuis
Plural Weoer Weros Woppa Asur Asit Asvt
Third Singular Wir Wier Wel Atuon Atuin Atin
Plural Wjr Wiez Wild Cvotin Cvoton Cvotiner

Passive VoiceEdit

Wva Mood Indicative Imperative Inchoative Subjunctive Conditional
Aspect Simple Perfect Simple Perfect Progressive Simple Perfect Progressive
Gender Person Number/Tense Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past

Any Gender

First Singular Zlis Zlia Zlos Dros Drait Drod Zrai Sro
Plural Zroa Zros Zren Drir Dris Drigen
Second Singular Zios Zivs Ziass Trir Tris Trol
Plural Zdrios Zdrivs Zdrian Trvgën Tvgën Tiŋën
Third Singular Wesü Wessia Wesüsip Divpë Divpas Passë
Plural Wossü Waits Wirts Dëriën Dëgën Degen



Xuos(Think)Edit

Xuos Mood Indicative Imperative Inchoative Subjunctive Conditional
Aspect Simple Perfect Simple Perfect Progressive Simple Perfect Progressive
Gender Person Number/Tense Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past Present Future Past

Any Gender

First Singular Xuo Xias Xoc Xovs Xinn Xecad Xo Xeizü
Plural Xuon Xiaas Xox Xess Xiado Xefor
Second Singular Xuila Xvla Xeas Xerrsü Xuon Xuns
Plural Xula Xvlv Xeaŋ Efile Efoll Efilons
Third Singular Czu Ciz Cvz Errt Erge Erdü
Plural Czis Cizü Cvzü Dufia Dufion Dufaaŋ

Most of the time,the suffixes can replace the subject of a sentence. For example:

  • Suoŋ(II)
    • Suoŋŋinie.(I sing.)
    • Suoŋŋinje.(We men sing.)
    • Suoŋŋinop.(He sings.)
    • Suoŋŋinopj.(Men sing.)
    • Suoŋŋinroov.(Women sing.)
    • Suoŋŋinetü.(We men and women sing.)

Even the object.

  • Oper(II)
    • Operrionje.(We men are praised.)
    • Operrionsse.(You are praised.)
    • Operrionna.(We men and women are praised.)

And both subject and object(If they are the same one).

  • Simil(II)
    • Similovfoie.(I like myself.)
  • Ponit(III)
    • Ponitbarcoa!(Regret for yourselves!)
  • Ewi(IV)
    • Ewotüfell.(She killed herself./She suicided.)

PronounsEdit

Number Singular Pural
Case/Gender Masculine Femiline Mixed Animate Inanimate Masculine Femiline Mixed Animate Inanimate
Person First1 Subject La Waei
Object Wo Lowen
Possessive Esj Larsus
Pos. Determiner Es Lar
Instrumental Ettin Laslar
Dative Nia Linns
Second Subject Tur Am Ŋol Dussol Vųs Le Cassin Borx Gordian
Object Wer Iom Ral Daŋ Vs Lis Cassonda Boc Gvrdeen
Possessive Torj Aten Ŋepa Duan Van Liors Copon Bers Garrian
Pos. Determiner Tor Ammos Ŋep Duaŋnis Vaei Lir Ces Bixus Gisdus
Instrumental Tovrs Aliŋ Ŋiss Dunn Vsval Lorsda Celir Binnse Gedur
Dative To All Ŋe Du Vs Lor Ce Bi Go
Third Subject Hann Tos Wem Dussill Js Cef Calil Wir Fer
Object Henn Tes Wes Dus Jn Ceon Cel Willis Ferris
Possessive Hannmos Tosul Wilion Dvųlo Jsson Cess Codon Wosda Forvs
Pos. Determiner Holl Tvs Will Du Jc Cil Cvm Wero For
Instrumental Hell Tvdar Wislar Duanle Jccfa Cillor Casdar Werrpa Fvrsdan
Dative Ho Tv We Dv Jci Ci Ca Wj Fe
  1. The Latinized Farnian lacks the idea of "First Person". In the word "Lusaxe",the suffix "e" tells us the subject is "Singular,Masculine",which equals "I" in English. But "ei" in "Lusaxei" stands for "Pural,Masculine",which means "We" in English.

Question PronounsEdit

Thing Location Time One One's One Manner Amount Distance
Epp Cas Vom Il Illi Illoz Vse Cese Lasuoŋ
What Which Where When Who Whose Whom How How many/much How far
Xep Xeca Xuom Xil Xilli Xilloz Xus Xecï Xilasü

These quesiton pronouns don't have genders.

GendersEdit

MasculineEdit

Not only men,hard,noisy,poisonoun,and harmful things are usually Masculine. Such as Hjct(Thunder),Bortin(Mushroom),Mert(Wood),Sider(Iron).

FemilineEdit

Women and soft,quiet,peaceful,lovely,and safe things are usually Femiline. For example,Loe(Water),Gorsu(Cloud),Cosuon(Girl/Loli),Ill(Warmth).

MixedEdit

No matter what genders there are,as long as there are more than one gender,the nouns and the verbs should be Mixed gender.

They are certainly pural. Such as Cedim(Mass/People),Sess(World).

When a mixed noun is sungular,the gender is actually unknown.

AnimateEdit

Animals,plants that are not neither Masculine or Femiline,and thnigs that move automaticly are Animate gender. Such as Ovtomobail(Automobile/Car),Sian(Horse).

InanimateEdit

Things that don't move automaticly or things that are not one of the four genders above. For example:Xex(Question),Wewir(Wall).

CasesEdit

Subject, Object, Dative of GivingEdit

The rule is very simple:Anything before a verb is Subject, and one after a verb is always a Object.

Watch out for the word "vm". Nouns before it are Dativeof giving.

Only nouns in Object have suffixes,ones in subject or dative of giving are their original form.

Suffix
-l,m,n,ŋ,r -~o
Other endings -o
-vowels -zo

Dative of PurposeEdit

It is "dativs pordosis" in Latinized Farnian. Just like Classical Greek,Latinized Farnian also has dative case for purpose.

Suffix
-l,m,n,ŋ,r

-~oi(1 syllable)

-!o-~os(>1 syllables)

Other endings

-oi(1 syllable)

-!o-os(>1 syllables)

-vowels

-moi(1 syllable)

-!amos(>1 syllables)

The "!" here denotes to replace the vowel.

For example,salwin(city)→salwonnos(for city)

mordi(magic)→mordamos(for magic)

Possessive, Pos. DeterminerEdit

The possessive determiner is always after the determined noun.

Suffix
-l,m,n,ŋ,r -~is
Other endings -is
-vowels -zis

InstrumentalEdit

By/with somethiing. Instrumental nouns can be put directly after the verb.

Suffix
-l,m,n,ŋ,r

-~ëc(1 syllable)

-!e-~sü(>1 syllables)

Other endings

-ëc(1 syllable)

-!e-sü(>1 syllables)

-vowels

-wëc(1 syllable)

-esü(>1 syllables)

AblativeEdit

Be away from something.

1 Syllable, vowel ending -cix
>1 syllables -!i-ix

AllativeEdit

Go to something.

1 Syllable, vowel ending -botü
>1 syllables -!ë-etü

NumbersEdit

The decline of a noun depends on the ending of the noun, just like conjugations.

Plural
-b,d,dï,dü,g,gï,w,z,zü -ess
-l,m,n,ŋ,r -~on
-c,cï,f,h,p,s,sü,t,tï,tü -isi
-vowels -cc

Adjectives and AdverbsEdit

...... as ...... as ......Edit

It's like adjunct clause in Latinized Farnian. It is or......(subject)......odën.

Opres fots. (It's red.)→Opres fots or titsir ordën.(It's as red as blood.)

more ...... thanEdit

It's ivr......(object)......ivdën in Latinized Farnian.

Opres firia ivr ogërro ivdën.(It's bigger than a giant.)

Transforming Word ClassesEdit

Noun AdjunctEdit

Suffix
-l,m,n,ŋ,r

-~ae(1 syllable)

-!v-~ac(>1 syllables)

Other endings

-tror(1 syllable)

-!ae-ir(>1 syllables)

-vowels

-vc(1 syllable)

-!vcc(>1 syllables)

For example, mordi(magic)→mordvcc(magical)

tsess(gold)→tsesstror(golden)

GerundEdit

Suffix
-l,m,n,ŋ,r

-~vųŋ(1 syllable)

-!v-~vųŋ(>1 syllables)

Other endings

-etdr(1 syllable)

-!ei-ottr(>1 syllables)

-vowels

-iid(1 syllable)

-!iic(>1 syllables)

For example, tsasa(to hate)→tsasiic(hate)

Tsasiic iom ra cowas.(Hate will make you sad.)

Attributive VerbEdit

Attributive verb requires the voice of the original verb.

Ending(The suffix of the voice of the original verb) Suffix
-l,m,n,ŋ,r

-ib

Other endings

-its

-vowels

-iztr

For example, gen(to know)→gennion(to be known)→gennionib(known)

Opres sesso latsgennionib j.(It's an unknown world.)

Transforming from AdjunctivesEdit

1 Syllable >1 Syllables
Adjunctive to Verb(To become......) -suol !two vowels before
Adjunctive to Noun -waig !three vowels after

The transforming here follows an ancient rule, The vowel cycle.

/a/→/e/→/i/→/o/→/ə/→/u/→/aː/→/oː/→/y/→/eː/→/uː/→/iː/

Take Loteinn(Latin) for example, it's verb form(To become Latin) is Lotovnn.

Though "Lotoovnn""Lotovon""Lotoonn" were once appeared in some articles, but Farnian people always keep the original spelling and shortest common spelling of a vowel(ov rather than ovo).

The city "Latina" is spelled as "Latina" in Latinized Farnian.

Augmentative and DiminutiveEdit

Nouns and adjunctives have augmentative or diminutive form. Augmentative form usually stand for "more", "greater", "purer". And diminutive for "less", "worse".

1 Syllable >1 Syllables
Augmentative

Tsa-

Ovf-

(Inanimate Only)Ivbër-

Tsaa- !four vowels before

Ovf- !five vowels before

(Inanimate Only)Ivbër-

Diminutive

-zles

-sia

(pejorative)-cec

!one vowels after -zles

-sia

(pejorative)-cec

For example, fots (red)→tsafots (more red,or scarlet); gens (blue)→genszles (less blue,or cyan).

il (person)→illës (lady)→illëssia (girl)

il (person)→ilcec (idiot)

Words borrowed from other languageEdit

English
Gëlori Gloria
Vilss Wealth
German
Pëfërd Pferd(horse)
Brozlae Brotlaib(bread)
Ceiss Käse(cheese)
Seg Säge(saw)
Crezdrac(Picos) Kreuzhacke(pickaxe)
French
Rvųdü Rouge(red)
Bële Blé(wheat)
Hymmnos
Sovrr(Operrvnvųŋ) Soare(hymn)
Brëiaŋt(to cry joyful) Briyante(cries of joy)

Example textsEdit

  • I-A-Ma-1-1-Pr-S-R
    • A code that researches usually used to show the state of a verb.
    • X-Undefined, can appear at any position
    • I-Conjugation I; II-Conjugation II; III-Conjugation III; IV-Conjugation IV; V-Irregular
    • A-Active; P-Passive; M-Middle
    • Ma-Masculine; F-Femiline; Mi-Mixed; A-Animate; I-Inanimate
    • 1-First person; 2-Second person; 3-Third person
    • 1-Singular; 2-Plural
    • Pr-Present; F-Future; Pa-Past
    • S-Simple; Pe-Perfect; Pr-Progressive
    • R-Realis; I-Imperative; C-Conditional; S-Subjunctive
  • Ma-1-1-S
    • A code that used to show the state of a pronoun or noun.
    • Ma-Masculine; F-Femiline; Mi-Mixed; A-Animate; I-Inanimate; Q-Question
    • 1-First person; 2-Second person; 3-Third person(Nouns don't have person.)
    • 1-Singular; 2-Plural
    • S-Subject; O-Object; P-Possesive; D-Possesive Determiner; I-Instrumental
  • Er Farn./I'm Farn.
    • Er:a form of Er,V-A-Ma-1-1-Pr-S-R. =Be
  • Sva bor rjsrumo ammos?/What's your name?
    • Sva:Q-2-1-S. =What
    • bor:a form of Er,V-A-I-2-1-Pr-S-R. =is
    • rjsrumo:gerund of Rjs,=call. I-1-O. =name
    • ammos:F-2-1-P. =your
  • Werdesusinios./People are running.
    • Werdesusinios:A form of Werd. I-A-Mi-3-2-Pr-Pr-R. =running
  • Lusaxeta hamono./I'm eating breakfast
    • Lusaxeta:A form of Lusa. IV-A-Ma-1-1-Pr-Pr-R. =eating
    • hamono:A form of Hamon. I-1-O. =breakfast
  • Borrinoplin Wo vm j divso./He gave me a present.
    • The pronoun "Wo" is actually Dative. Any noun before "vm" are dative,not subjects. The actual subject is "j divso"(a present) with a subject suffix "o".
      • Any form of a dative pronoun is the same as object.
    • Borrinoplin:A form of Bor. II-A-Ma-3-1-Pr-S-R. =gives
    • Wo:Ma-1-1-O(D). =me
    • j:=a
    • divso:A form of Divs. I-1-O. =present, gift
  • Hjllinieecca ŋovcseo./I might say nothing.
    • Hjllinieecca:A form of Hjl. II-A-Ma-1-1-Pr-S-C. =would say
  • Egesa!/Shut up!
    • Egesa:A form of Eges. Imperative. =Shut up!
  • Wardannyoop otenn!/He shall be stoned!
    • Wardannyoop:A form of Wardan. II-P-3-1-Pr-S-R. =is stoned
    • otenn:a adverb. =should, shall
  • Hibeivp,Wvaxeioss,Atovnninieo./Veni,Vidi,Vici./I came,I saw,I conquered.
    • Hibeivp:A form of Hib. I-A-1-1-Pr-Pe-R. =have come
    • Wvaxeioss:A form of Wva. III-A-1-1-Pr-Pe-R. =have seen
    • Atovnnineo:A form of Atovn. II-A-1-1-Pr-Pe-R. =have conquered
  • Hiba Ettin./Come with me.
    • Hibe:A form of Hib. Imperative. =Come, go
    • Ettin:Ma-1-1-I. =with/by me
  • Hiba New York/Go to New York.
    • Hibe:A form of Hib. Imperative. =Come, go
  • Doŋa Nia./Dance for me.
    • Doŋa:A form of Doŋ. Imperative. =Dance
    • Nia:Ma-1-1-D. =for me
  • Doŋa Ettin./Dance with me.
    • Doŋa:A form of Doŋ. Imperative. =Dance
    • Ettin:Ma-1-1-I. =with/by me

Example Articles IEdit

And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech.

  • Io sesso ferr di aaxesüsoll lioŋŋo ven es sorrummo ven.

And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there.

  • Io gosiceferewvas, awi cexesüsoll jesobod, io collinetüŋër pletazo j das lonno Suinar. Io eccierreres zasso.

And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for morter.

  • Io sorrinetüŋër soddess, Hiba! Mosrio sadenno, es fela dus forrol. Io woxesüsoll sadenno aa tisso, es suonnizo aa dartoso.

And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.

  • Io sorrinetüŋër, Hiba! Eilrio Linns vm salvinno j es bvrdaso j, erfe dussil gaaxteovden aeso; es ovrio, doto fededeevden jdis odozo sessis ferr.

And the LORD came down to see the city and the tower, which the children and men builded.

  • Io Lord di hiblatre wvasc salvinno di es bvrdaso di, eillionetüŋër mascisisü di es merrliccesü.

And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do.

  • Io Lord sorrinoplin, Wvaa! Ŋeipa ven, es hhosierre lyoŋŋo ven ferr; es fvųrir: es io ŋovcsezo leoedeesüsowe casdar, calil imimmionetuox fvųrir.

Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech.

  • Hiba! Hiba hostili, es folsea lioŋŋo cvm, io esügëferrewiss sorrummo tëraetuir.

So the LORD scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city.

  • Io Lord di fvųxhall Cel jdis odozo sessir ferr: Io assaserre eilzdra salvinno di.

Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the LORD did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.

  • Opres cevro di rjsciic Babvllae, lioŋovcc folseixaettrir hi Lordtror. Es Lord di fvųxhall Cel jdis odozo sessir ferr.

IO SESSO FERR DI AAXESÜSOLL LIOŊŊO VEN ES SORUMMO VEN.

IO GOSICEFEREWVAS, AWI CEXESÜSOLL JESOBOD, IO COLLINETÜŊËR PLETAZO J DA LONNO SUINAR. IO ECCIERRERES ZASSO.

IO SORRINETÜŊËR SODDESS, HIBA! MOSRIO SADENNO, ES FELA DUS FORROL. IO WOXESÜSOLL SADENNO AA TISSO, ES SUONNIZO AA DARTOSO.

IIO SORRINETÜŊËR, HIBA! EILRIO LINNS VM SALVINNO J ES BVRDASO J, ERFE DUSSIL GAAXTEOVDEN AESO; ES OVRIO, DOTO FEDEDEEVDEN JDIS ODOZO SESSIS FERR.

IO LORD DI HIBLATRE WVASC SALVINNO DI ES BVRDASO DI, EILLIONETÜŊËR MASCISISÜ DI ES MERRLICCESÜ.

IO LORD SORRINOPLIN, WVAA! ŊEIPA VEN, ES HHOSIERRE LYOŊŊO VEN FERR; ES FVŲRIR: ES IO ŊOVCSEZO LEOEDEESÜSOWE CASDAR, CALIL IMIMMIONETUOX FVŲRIR.

HIBA! HIBA HOSTILI, ES FOLSEA LIOŊŊO CVM, IO ESÜGËFERREWISS SORRUMMO TËRAETUIR.

IO LORD DI FVŲXHALL CEL JDIS ODOZO SESSIR FERR: IO ASSASERRE EILZDRA SALVINNO DI.

OPRES CEVRO DI RJSCIIC BABVLLAE, LIOŊOVCC FOLSEIXAETTRIR HI LORDTROR. ES LORD DI FVŲXHALL CEL JDIS ODOZO SESSIR FERR.

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