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Name: Asinarian

Type: Romance-influenced ConLang

Alignment: Nominative-Accusative

Head Direction: Initial

Number of genders: 2

Declensions: No

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


SettingEdit

Asinarian (Len Lango de Ásinaro (Asinara's Language)) is spoken on an island off the northwestern coast of Sardinia in the Mediterranian Sea. It has influences from French, Spanish, and other Romance languages, it also has influences from Turkish, Arabic, and German. This island is called Len Izlo de Ásinaro in Corcian. about 500 people speak Asinarian. Much of its noun declension comes from French, Spanish and Italian.

Asinarian
Len Lango de Ásinaro 
Pronunciation: IPA: [lɛ̃ ˈlɑŋ̯ˌo deː ˈaː̯ˌzinˈaɾˌo]
Spoken in: Asinara, Italy, Sicily, United States, Sardinia, Corsica 
Region: Mediterranian and North America
Total speakers: roughly 10,000,000 native

roughly 5,000 non-native

Language family:
 Indo-European
  Romance
   Southern Romance
    Sardino-Asinarian
     Asinarian 
Writing system: Latin (Asinarian Variant) 
Official status
Official language of: Official Minority Language in: Italy (Autonomous Region of Sardinia)
Regulated by: La Bibliteca dele Langoz Romanticoz de Ásinaro (The Library of the Romantic Lanuage of Asinara)
Language codes
ISO 639-1: As
ISO 639-2: Asn (B)  Asi (T)
ISO 639-3:


PhonologyEdit

The Phonology of Asinaran is a combination of French, German, Italian, and Spanish with a few Corsican influences, too.


Bilabial Labiodental Labio-Velar Dental Alveolar Post-Alveolar Palatal Palatal-Velar Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive b p t d k g
Trill
Trilled Affricate
Tap or Flap ɾ
Fricative f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʝ x ɣ h
Affricate tʃ dʒ
Lateral Fricative
Lateral Affricate
Approximant w l j
Lateral Approximant ʎ


Front Central Back
unrounded rounded
oral i ĩ y ỹ u ũ
Close-mid e ẽ œ œ̃ ə ə̃ o õ
Open-mid ɛ ɛ̃ ʌ ʌ̃ ɔ ɔ̃
nasal
Open
oral (a) ɑ ɑ̃


Letter Name IPA
A Ah /ɑ/
Á Ah Acut /ɑː/
À Ah Groev /a/
 Ah Coircumflex /ɑ/̃
B Bi /b/
C Ci /k/~/s/~/tʃ/
Ç Ci Cedille /ts/
D Di /d/
E Eh /e/
É Eh Acut /eː/
È Eh Groev /ɛ/
Ê Eh Coircumflex /ə/
F Efe /f/
G Gue /g/~/k/~/ɣ/
H Haci /silent/~/x/
I Ih /i/
Í Ih Acut /i/
Ì Ih Groev /i/
Î Ih Coircumflex /ĩ/
J Jota /j/
L Ele /l/
Ll Elle /ʎ/
M Eme /m/
N Ene /n/
Gn Gni /ɲ/
O Oh /o/
Ó Oh Acut /œ/
Ò Oh Groev /œː/
Ô Oh Coircumflex /ɔ̃/
P Pe /p/
Q Cu /k/
R Ere /ɾ/
S Ese /s/~/z/
T Te /t/
U Uh /u/
Ú Uh Acut /uː/
Ù Uh Groev /ʌ/
Û Uh Coircumflex /ũ/
V Uve /v/
W Uve Dubloir /w/
X Ix /ks/~/z/
Y Ih Grec /j/~/y/~/i/
Z Zet /z/~/s/


GraphsEdit

Graph IPA
Aa /a/
Ai /ai/
Ae /ɛ/
Aue /o/
Auex /oʃ/
Ch /tʃ/
Cch (In loanwords from Turkish, as an alternative to Turkish's s-cedilla) /ʃ/
Eau /õ/
Em /ɛ̃/
Ene /ɛ̃/
Enes /ɛ̃/
Gh /x/
Ghi /xi/
Ghu /xu/
Ie /iː/
Ien /jɛ̃/
Îi /ə/
Îim /ə̃/
Jh /h/
Lh /l/
Lli /ji/
Lle /j/
Oi /ɔy/
Oim /ɔ̃y/
Oir /wɑ̃/
Ou /u/
Òu/Òum /ỹ/
Qu /kv/
Sch /ʃtʃ/
Sz /z/
Uu /w/
Ya /ja/
Yy (Only in words from Turkish) /jy/
Zh /ʃ/

PhonotacticsEdit

1. C in front of a vowel is devoiced to /s/. In front of I or E it is pronounced /tʃ/.

2. Any vowel in front of M or N is nazalized, but if there are two nasal vowels adajcent to each other, the first is denasalized and "M" or "N" is pronounced separate of the vowel

example: amen IS NOT /ɑ̃ˈe/̃ , BUT /ɑmˈe/̃.

3. G in front of A, or U is pronounced /ɣ/, in front of I, or E it is pronounced /k/, everywhere else it is pronounced /g/.

4. S after voiced consonants or A, O, or U is pronounced /z/, everywhere else it is pronounced /s/.

5. Z after voiceless consonants or I, or E is pronounced /s/, everywhere else it is pronounced /z/.

6. H is silent at the start of a word or after a vowel.

7. Y is pronounced /j/ before or after a vowel, /i/ before or after a voiced consonant and /y/ before or after an unvoiced consonant.

Basic GrammarEdit

There are no adverbs.

NounsEdit

Nouns are conjugated according to gender and number and, like French and Spanish, are not conjugated by any case.


Gender Singular Plural Meaning
Masculine Len Alemieno Lens Alemienoz German(s)
Feminine La Curcîena Las Curcîenez Corsican (Person)


Posessive NounsEdit

Posessive Nouns are declined by taking the direct object, putting it before the subject, and adding "de (of)" in between them.

Example: The man's dog.

Len Pero dele Hambro (The dog of the man.)

Demonymic NounsEdit

Nouns are made into demonyms by adding suffixes.

Gender Comes after A, O, U, or Consonant Meaning
Person
Masculine Estonuuo (base - Estogno) Estonian
Feminine Ameriuua (America) American


Gender Comes after I, or E Meaning
Person
Masculine Chinenes (Chine) Chinese
Feminine Acadenas (Acadie) Acadian


Gender Comes after A, O, U, or Consonant Meaning
Place, Thing, or Idea
Masculine Estonien Estonian
Feminine Americh American


Gender Comes after E, or I Meaning
Place, Thing, or Idea
Masculine Chineau Chinese
Feminine Acadya

Acadian


Example: He is Estonian

Ell es Estonuuo.

Example: That is Acadian snow.

El es nebe Acadya.

Dimunitive FormsEdit
Gender Base Dimunitive Base Meaning Dimunitive Meaning
Masculine Chico Chicato Boy Little Boy
Feminine Chica Chicata Girl Little Girl

To intensify a dimunitive you add "trîis (very)" before the noun.

Example: The boy, The little boy, The very little boy

Len chico, Len chicato, Len trîis chicato

PronounsEdit

Pronouns are declined according to person and gender.

Singular Plural
Min - I Nòu - We
Tû - You Vòu - You (Plural)
Ell, Ella, El - He, She, It Eso, Esa, Es - They


Example: We are going to the store.

Nòu vo alla magacina.

Possessive PronounsEdit

Unlike in other romance languages there are no possessive adjectives, only possessive pronouns.


Singular Plural
Mins - My/Mine Nòun - Our/Ours
Tus - Your/Yours Vòun - You/Yours (Plural)
Si - His/Hers/Its Sin - Their/Their


Ex: Our dog's fur is soft.

Len pelcio de nòun cano es suva.

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives take on the gender and number of the noun or pronoun.


Gender Singular Plural Meaning
Masculine Gurdo Gurdoz Fat
Feminine Breva Brevez Short

Example: He is short and fat.

Est brevo at gurdo.

Example: They are ugly.

Eso sun fo.

Proper AdjectivesEdit

Proper adjectives are always capitalized. The noun being described is also capitalized. A Proper adjective always derives from a proper noun, but when it is an adjective it will take the gender of the noun it describes and not the noun it derives from.


Gender Singular Plural Noun it derives from Meaning
Noun is:
Masculine Francenes Francenesz Francenas French
Feminine Irenas Irenasz Irenes Irish


Example: The Irish man has red hair.

Len Irenes Hambro tegne capille pelire.

AdpositionsEdit

Adpositions function very similar to adpositions in Spanish. Most adpositions are prepositions. There are two postposition and one circumposition.

There are only two simple postpositions, the rest are prepositions.

PrepositionsEdit

A - To, at, into

Alle - To the (Masculine), at the (Masculine)

Ale - To the (Feminine), at the (Feminine)

Alle ludo de - Next to

Alle comparo de - Compared to

Alle partur de - Upwards of, starting from

Anta - Before

Après - After

Arcacinda - Behind

A travis - Through, across

Bal - Under

Curco/a de - Near

Cumo/a - As, like

Cum - with; of, containing (Un basquo cum oga)

Con - against (not in a physical sense as in "The man is against the wall." but in "He went against my idea."

Contre - against (in a physical sense)

Da - from

De - of; made of (used to make compounds)

Dem - (in time expressions), by, in the (in the day, evening, etc)

Dele - of the, in the, from the

D'la - feminine form of "Dele"

Des - from, since (used in place of "De" when stressing notion of movement, or with times, prices and values)

Durant - During, before

Enn - in, on, at

Enn lòun de - Instead of

Enn mediu de - In the middle of

Enn Ezterioir - Outside, outdoors

Entre - Between, Among

Givi - Depending on, according to

Hasto - Until, up to

Pour - (In time phrases) Around, by

Pour - For: expressing destination, direction, recipient ("brought it for me"), opinion ("for me, it seems...")

Par - For: in most other senses ("because of', 'on behalf of', 'in exchange for/per', 'to the value of', 'instead of')

San - Without, -less

Tram de - Behind, from behind

Vîs - (Indicating place) Via, through, throughout, around

Vîs-a-Vîs - Towards

PostpositionsEdit

A por - in search of Example: "Mi vo mins cano a por. ( I am looking for/in search of my dog. lit. I am my dog in search of.)

Ezterie da - Out of Example: Min vena Âfrique ezterie da. ( I came out of Africa. lit. I came Africa out of.)

CircumpositionsEdit

Enn...a - Onto Example: Eso salato enn len titlo a. (They climbed onto the roof. lit. They climbed on the roof to.)

VerbsEdit

Verbs are conjugated according to 3 basic tenses.

InfinitiveEdit

Ezistizre - To be/exist

Gerund/VerbalEdit

Len ezistmeyy - The being

Indicitive (Indicitivo)Edit

Present (Presîimo)Edit

Finite verbs are conjugated to person

To be (Ezistizre) in the present form

Mi ezistiso - I am

Tû ezistim - You are

Ell, Ella, El ezisti - He, she, it is

Nòu ezistsome - We are

Vòu ezistîsa - You are (plural)

Eso, Esa, Es ezista - They are

Imperfect (Enperfeito)Edit

Mi ezistain - I was, I used to be

Tû ezistias - You were, You used to be

Ell, Ella, El ezistabo - He, she, it was, used to be

Nòu ezistiera - We were, We used to be

Vòu ezistierez - You were, You used to be (plural)

Eso, Esa, Es eziston - They were, they used to be

Future (Futero)Edit

Mi ezistae - I will be

Tû ezistizêras - You will be

Ell, Ella, El ezistaa - He, she, it will be

Nòu ezistizau - We will be

Vòu ezistizuuir - You will be (plural)

Eso, Esa, Es ezistizon - They will be

Preterite (Passeo Simpleo)Edit

Mi ezistuve - I was

Tû ezistes - You were

Ell, Ella, El ezista - He, she, it was

Nòu ezistámes - We were

Vòu ezistimes - You were (plural)

Eso, Esa, Es ezistiron - They were

Conditional (Condizioalo)

Mi ezisterja - I would be

Tû ezisterjas - You would be

Ell, Ella, El ezisterjaz - He, she, it would be

Nòu ezisterjon - We would be

Vòu ezisterìmez - You would be (plural)

Eso, Esa, Es ezistizrone - They would be

Subjunctive (Susjuntivo)Edit

This mood is used along with phrases of want, emotion, opinion, or viewpoint to convey the verb's message. It corresponds with the English conjunctive mood.


Present (Presîimo)

Mi ezistizro - I was

Tû ezistizros - You were

Ell, Ella, El ezistizri - He, She, It was

Nòu ezistizrane - We were

Vòu ezistizrîsa - You were (plural)

Eso, Esa, Es ezistizra - They were


Imperfect (Enperfeito)

Mi ezistier - If I were

Tû ezistiers - If you were

Ell, Ella, El ezistiiro - If He, She, It was

Nòu ezistranano - If we were

Vòu ezistrimes - If you were (plural)

Eso, Esa, Es ezistieras - If they were


Future (Futero) Mi ezistizreé - I were to be

Tû ezistizrés - You were to be

Ell, Ella, El ezistizreo - He, She, It was to be

Nòu ezistizrenanos - We were to be

Vòu ezistizrimes - You were to be (plural)

Eso, Esa, Es ezistizieraz - They were to be


Conditional (Condizioalo) Ghui mi ezistizreéi - If I were to be

Ghui tû ezistizrési - If you were to be

Ghui ell, ella, el ezistizreoi - If he, she, it was to be

Ghui nòu ezistizrananosi - If we were to be

Ghui vòu ezistizrimesi - If you were to be (plural)

Ghui eso, esa, es, ezistizierazi - If they were to be

Imperative (Emparativo)Edit

In Asinaran, the Imperative is souly a 2nd person mood.




Imperative Affirmative (Emparativo Apparnativo)Edit

Tû ezistim! - Be!


Vòu ezistims! - Be! (plural "you" pronoun)



Imperative Negative (Emparativo Neghativo)Edit

Tû ezistmeyim! - Don't be!


Vòu ezistmeyims! - Don't be (plural "you" pronoun)

ConjuctionsEdit

Conjuctions serve the same purpose as in English, to connect two clauses. There are three types of conjuctions: coordinating, subordinating, and correlative.



CoordinatingEdit

Coordinating conjuctions include but are not limited to:


Siry - For


At - And


Ne - Nor


Ghalbuca - But


Oi - Or


Ma - Yet


Sichi - So


SubordinatingEdit

This type introduces a subordinate clause. Included in this type:


Vail - Because


Agur - If


Ghalçem - Although


Vèrand - While


CorrelativeEdit

This type uses two conjunctions that work together. Included in this type:


Ne...Ne - Neither...Nor


Ou...Ou - Either...Or

DictionaryEdit


No. English
1IMi
2you (singular)
3heEll
4weNòu
5you (plural)Vòu
6theyEso(M)/Esa(F)
7thisEzho(M)/Ezha(F)
8thatCuo/Cua
9hereEcho/Echa
10thereAio/Aia
11whoCo/Ca
12whatCio/Cia
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36womanAmbra
37man (adult male)Ambro
38man (human being)
39childFillo/Filla
40wifeMauex
41husbandMo
42motherMader
43fatherPader
44animalAgnimalo
45fishPezh
46birdKuzh
47dogGòupe
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

The Lord's PrayerEdit

EnglishEdit

Our Father who art in Heaven,


Hallowed be thy name;


Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done On earth as it is in heaven.


Give us this day our daily bread;


And forgive us our trespasses,


As we forgive those who trespass against us;


And lead us not into temptation, But deliver us from evil.

Amen.

AsinarianEdit

Nòun Paro ghui ess enn la Parasa,

Sagnippicateé ess tus nammre;

Benîsa Tus regno

Pacha tus Bollunteé

Enn len Teurò cummu enn la Parasa.

Dune nòu huiy len panno de cestte gheornia

At purdugna nòun trasgreszioz

Cummu nòu purdunsome nòu trasgreszioturoz;

At nan nòu daje sonnbahizre alle eyartmaczio

Naiz libra'nòu da len kòtylyk.

Amen.

Part of the Prelude to BeowulfEdit

Equeé, homaja a la proeza delez aberzonnoz-regoz,

delaz Dagnaz cum lenz lanzoz, enn journeéaz larjaz agzelerattaz,

tenisome ezgucchatto, at ghu'honorra lenz Atelingoz tenia cagnatto!

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