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Leonzvous

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Zimaninan
Leonzvous
Type Agglutinative-Fusional
Alignment Tripartite
Head direction Mixed
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders None
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]

Zimanian, sometimes called Liorstan, is the official language of the island nation of Liorst, located in the Gulf of Xho. It's spoken by approximately 70 million people in Liorst, as well as about 110 million people on the island conglomerations of Firu and Dwqueti as a lingua franca, as those nations are part of Liorst's naval empire. It also has a few hundred thousand extra speakers in the trading business due to its widespread use across the seas.

Classification and DialectsEdit

Zimanian is an agglutinative language with some fusional tendencies. Just like all Missean languages, it has tripartite-alignment. There are five main dialects of Zimanian:  General, Countryside, Southern Islands, Western Islands, and "Sailor-Talk." This page covers the General Zimanian dialect.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m ɴ
Plosive pʰ b t̪ d̪ qʰ ɢ ʔ
Fricative f v s z ʒ ʁ
Approximant
Affricate t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ  d͡ʒ
Trill ʀ
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral app. l

+ /w/

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i y u
Near-close ɪ ʊ
Close-mid e ø o
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ œ ɔ̃
ɛ̃ œ̃
Open a ɑ̃

PhonotacticsEdit

Onset:

  • All consonants allowed except /ɴ/ and /ʔ/.
  • pʰ and qʰ become unaspirated when clustering.
  • All onset consonants can be palatized with the letter "i", or labialized with the letter "u".

Nucleus:

  • The nucleus can be any pure vowel or diphthong.
  • Oral vowels can form diphthongs with other orals, but not nasals.
  • Nasal vowels do not form diphthongs and usually end a word (except with suffixes).

Coda:

  • All consonants allowed except /ɾ/, /ʀ/, /w/, and /ʔ/.
  • pʰ and qʰ become unaspirated.
  • Nasals are absolutely NEVER geminated.

Other:

  • /ʔ/ is always intervocalic

StressEdit

Stress usually falls on the last or penultimate syllable.

Writing SystemEdit

Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Nouns in Zimanian decline according to number, definiteness, and case, in that order. They work very similarly to how they do in other Missean languages (I haven't made the article yet).

NumberEdit

The number system of Zimanian is rather complicated compared to English. There are 4 (kind of 5) grammatical numbers:

Number Use Suffix Pronunciation Example Pronunciation Meaning
Singular one item -- -- pilanz /pʰɪlɑ̃ː/ building
Plural more than one item -e /ə/ pilanze /pʰɪlɑ̃ːzə/ buildings
Paucal a group of an item -ê/-ee /eː/ or /eiː/ pilanzee /pʰɪlɑ̃ːzeː/ some buildings
Collective* all instances of an item -ui /ʷi/ or /wi/ pilanzui /pʰɪlɑ̃ːzʷi/ all buildings
  • Collective can also be used as the paucal-collective (all groups of an item).
  • If a word ends in a vowel or diphthong, the whole sound is replaced with the number suffix

DefinitenessEdit

There are no definite or indefinite articles in Zimanian, but there is the negative article. It is represented as the suffix -souem ( /syːm/ ) that attaches its noun. Ex. pilanze + m =  pilanzem (no buildings). That a schwa is added to the suffix (-em /əm) if the noun ends in a consonant. Therefore the singular and plural are often the same with the negative article.

Case Nouns are inflected via particles à la Japanese that precede or follow the noun or suffixes.

Case Use Modification Pronunciation Example Pronunciation Meaning
Ergative agent of transitive clause -- -- pilanz /pʰɪlɑ̃ː/ a building (erg.)
Absolutive subject of intransitive clause -de /d̪ə/ pilanz de /pʰɪlɑ̃ː d̪ə/ a building (abs.)
Accusative object of transitive clause -ris (suffix) /ʁi/ pilanzris /pʰɪlɑ̃ːzʁi/ a building (acc.)
Genitive* of/'s/-esque -nanz (suffix) /n̪ɑ̃ː/ pilanzanz /pʰɪlɑ̃ːzɑ̃ː/

building-esque

Dative indirect object von- /van̪/ von pilanz /van pʰɪlɑ̃ː/ to/for a building
Allative moving towards neu- /nø/ neu pilanz /nø pʰɪlɑ̃ː/ towards a building
Ablative away from doer- /d̪œ̃ː/ doer pilanz /d̪œ̃ː pʰɪlɑ̃ː/ away from a building
Locative at/on/in/by -le (suffix) /lə/ pilanzle /pʰɪlɑ̃ːzlə/ at a building
Intrumental via/by/using -chêin /ʃɛ̃ː/ pilanz chêin /pʰɪlɑ̃ːʃɛ̃ː/ via/through a building
Translative (turn) into voue- /vøʊ/ voue pilanz /vøʊ pʰɪlɑ̃ː/ (turn) into a building
  • Genitive: initial /n̪/ in suffix is dropped if noun ends in consonant

Spelling and pronunciation of grammatical number sometimes changes when using the accusative, genitive, or locative suffixes:

Plural Paucal Collective
Accusative -eris -êris -uris
/əʁi/ /eiʁi/ /uʁi/
Genitive -eurnanz -ênanz -unanz
/øən̪ɑ̃ː/ /en̪ɑ̃ː/ /un̪ɑ̃ː/
Locative -ele -êle -lui
/ələ/ /eːlə/ /lʷi/

PronounsEdit

These are the pronouns:

Singular
First Person Second Person Third Person
Ergative zan /ʒan̪/ van /van̪/ lan /lan̪/
Absolutive zan de /ʒan̪ d̪ə/ van de /van̪ də/ lan de /lan̪ də/
Accusative zeris /ʒəʁi/ veris /vəʁi/ leris /ləʁi/
Geninive zenanz /ʒən̪ɑ̃ː/ venanz /vən̪ɑ̃ː/ lenanz /lən̪ɑ̃ː/
Dative zier /viəː/ veur /viəː/ leur /liəː/
Ablative zen /ʒən̪/ ven /ven̪/ len /len̪/
Allative zat /ʒat̪/ vat /vat̪/ lat /lat̪/
Locative zanle /ʒan̪lə/ vanle /van̪lə/ lanle /lan̪lə/
Intrumental zechêin /ʒəʃɛ̃ː/ vechêin /vəʃɛ̃ː/ lechêin /ləʃɛ̃ː/
Translative voue zan /vøʊ ʒan̪/ voue van /vøʊ van̪/ voue lan /vøʊ lan̪/

Plural, Paucal, and Collective pronouns to come soon. Anyone who's reading this can add them if they like (though I'll likely change them quite a bit).


AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives are rather simple: they proceed the nouns they describe and agree with number and case. Examples:

Noun Meaning Adjective Meaning Together Meaning
pilanz /pʰɪlɑ̃ː/ building soerl /sœːl/ yellow pilanz soerl yellow building
jêmosa /ʒeimosa/ book cerat /sɛʁat̪/ boring jêmose cerate boring books
doulle /døːwə/ flower banti /ban̪t̪i/ beautiful doulluiris bantuiris all beautiful flowers (acc.)

Verbs


SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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