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Lodeg

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under construction

Pronouns Edit

personal
I you he she it
sg. pl. sg. pl. sg. pl. sg. pl. sg. pl.
nom. ge
[ge]
kje
[çe]

[toʊ̯]
dói
[doʏ̯]

[sɪ]
sói
[soʏ̯]
séa
[sɪɐ̯]
sói
[soʏ̯]

[soʊ̯]
sói
[soʏ̯]
acc. mem
[mem]
mói
[moʏ̯]
tem
[tem]
tói
[toʏ̯]
sem
[sem]
sói
[soʏ̯]
sem
[sem]
sói
[soʏ̯]
sem
[sem]
sói
[soʏ̯]
gen. gea
[gɪɐ̯]
kjea
[çɪɐ̯]
tea
[tɪɐ̯]
dea
[dɪɐ̯]
sér
[sɪɹ]
sóir
[soʏ̯ɹ]
séra
[sɪɹɐ]
sóir
[soʏ̯ɹ]
sér
[sɪɹ]
sóir
[soʏ̯ɹ]


Noun Edit

dog(s) the dog(s)
sg. pl. sg. pl.
nom. 1 gón
[goʊ̯n]
góin
[goʏ̯n]
ghón
[ʒoʊ̯n]
ghóin
[ʒoʏ̯n]
nom. 2 gkón
[koʊ̯n]
gkóin
[koʏ̯n]
gkhón
[xoʊ̯n]
gkhóin
[xoʏ̯n]
cat(s) the cat(s)
sg. pl. sg. pl.
nom. 1 kat
[kat]
kait
[kaɪ̯t]
khat
[xat]
khait
[xaɪ̯t]
nom. 2 kgat
[gat]
kgait
[gaɪ̯t]
kghat
[ʒat]
kghait
[ʒaɪ̯t]
tree(s) the tree(s)
sg. pl. sg. pl.
nom. 1 réa
[ɹɪɐ̯]
réai
[ɹeɐ̯]
rhéa
[ɹɪɐ̯]
rhéai
[ɹeɐ̯]
nom. 2 rjéa
[jɪɐ̯]
rjéai
[jeɐ̯]
rhjéa
[çɪɐ̯]
rhjéai
[çeɐ̯]


Glides Edit

The first glide is the normal form: this is an apple: tra sze bowla. The second glide is the define form: the apple is in my mouth: bhowla szet éa mhún géa. The third glide is the normal form, but it is mutated: he eats an apple: ádat bpowla. The fourth glide is the define, mutated form: he eats the apple: ádat bphowla.

Mutations are used when a word starting with a voiced consonant follows a word ending on a voiceless consonant or when a word starting with a voiceless consonant follows a word ending on a voiced consonant.

  • b [b] -> bh [v] -> bp [p] -> bph [f] -> (can) bot -> bhot -> bpot -> bphot
  • ch [x] -> ch [x] -> cz [z] -> czh [z] -> (chlorine) chlór -> chlór -> czlór -> czhlór
  • d [d] -> dh [ð] -> dt [t] -> dth [θ] -> (time) déa -> dhéa -> dtéa -> dtéa
  • g [g] -> gh [ʒ] -> gk [k] -> gkh [x] -> (dog) gón -> ghón -> gkón -> gkhón
  • j [j] -> hj [ç] -> sc [ʃ] -> sch [ʃ] -> (year) ján -> hján -> scán -> schán
  • k [k] -> kh [x] -> kg [g] -> kgh [ʒ] -> (cat) kat -> khat -> kgat -> kghat
  • l [l] -> lh [l] -> lj [j] -> lhj [ç] -> (cloud) léach -> lhéach -> ljéach -> lhjéach
  • m [m] -> mh [m] -> mb [b] -> mbh [v] -> (month) mána -> mhána -> mbána -> mbhána
  • n [n] -> nh [n] -> nd [d] -> ndh [ð] -> (reaction) nút -> nhút -> ndút -> ndhút
  • p [p] -> ph [f] -> pb [b] -> pbh [v] -> (father) péar -> phéar -> pbéar -> pbhéar
  • r [ɹ] -> rh [ɹ] -> rj [j] -> rhj [ç] -> (tree) réa -> rhéa -> rjéa -> rhjéa
  • s [s] -> sh [s] -> sz [z] -> szh [z] -> (sun) súlimb -> shúlimb -> szúlimb -> szhúlimb
  • t [t] -> th [θ] -> td [d] -> tdh [ð] -> (roof) téach -> théach -> tdéach -> tdhéach
  • w [v] -> hw [v] -> sv [sf] -> svh [sf] -> (summer) wen -> hwen -> sven -> svhen

Genitive Edit

The genitive cases is constructed by adding úa- as a prefix to the noun. Normally the fourth glide is used, but when the fourth glide is voiceless the second glide is taken. Words beginning on j- always take the second glide. Compare:

  • (year) s. ján -> úahján; p. jáin -> úahjáin
  • (dog) s. gón -> úaghón; p. góin -> úaghóin
  • (cat) s. kat -> úakghat; p. kait -> úakghait

Plural Edit

The plural is usually constructed by adding -i- in the first syllable. So: (one road) oim báta -> (two roads) dwoi báita; (one dog) oin gón -> (two dogs) dwoi góin. This construction is also used with all glides and with the genitive. Some words have an irregular plural, like: (one day) oin gúi -> (two days) dwoi gwi; (one man) oi méa -> (two men) dwoi mlú (pronunciation: [luː]).

Verb Edit

With glide.

g(k)éris (to hear) Present Perfect Future Conditional
sg. pl. sg. pl. sg. pl. sg. pl.
I g. 1 géram géiram ógéram ógéiram ésgkéram ésgkéiram ónésgkéram ónésgkéiram
g. 2 gkéram gkéiram
you g. 1 géras géiras ógéras ógéiras ésgkéras ésgkéiras ónésgkéras ónésgkéiras
g. 2 gkéras gkéiras
s/he g. 1 gérat géiran ógérat ógéiran ésgkérat ésgkéiran ónésgkérat ónésgkéiran
g. 2 gkérat gkéiran
  • Imperative: gér(i) - gkér(i)


Without glide.

ádis (to eat) Present Perfect Future Conditional
sg. pl. sg. pl. sg. pl. sg. pl.
I ádam áidam ónádam ónáidam észádam észáidam ónészádam ónészáidam
you ádas áidas ónádas ónáidas észádas észáidas ónészádas ónészáidas
s/he ádat áidan ónádat ónáidan észádat észáidan ónészádat ónészáidan
  • Imperative: ád(i)


Irregular: with glide.

s(z)éa (to be) Present Perfect Future Conditional
sg. pl. sg. pl. sg. pl. sg. pl.
I g. 1 sam sun won wóin éasam éaisam dóm dóim
g. 2 szam szun svon svóin dtóm dtóim
you g. 1 ses séis wus wúis éasas éaisas dús dúis
g. 2 szes széis svus svúis dtús dtúis
s/he g. 1 se, set séan wut wói éasat éaisan dút dói
g. 2 sze, szet széan svut svói dtút dtói

Numbers Edit

cardinal ordinal
0 chlóp chúls
1 oi, oin, oim úis
2 dwoi dwúis
3 tró trús
4 pói púis
5 pli plit
6 óws úwt
7 sil silt
8 al alt
9 nút
10 déar déart
11 úisichdéar úisichdéart
20 dwúisur dwúisurt
100 gam gapt
1.000 déarkap déarkapt

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