Fandom

Conlang

Luryo

3,198articles on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

The author requests that you do not make significant changes to this project without first seeking approval.
By all means, please either help fix spelling, grammar and organization problems or contact the author about them. Thank you.
The author wishes to make it clear this project is currently undergoing significant construction or revamp.
By all means, take a look around. Thank you.
Progress 4%
Luryo
'
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Mixed
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
4
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Luryo or Lurian (xxx; /ˈɺy:.ɻɪ̈.ɔ/), is a language spoken by the 288 Lurian species and is the official language of the United Empire of Lur, one of the galactic states.

General informationEdit

Luryo is the reconstructed version of the Early Modern Melnarian, a constructed language, thus some linguists also know Luryo as Neo Melnarian. It is spoken by far more than 4.2*1017 people inside the UEL, where it is standardised, and outside, where it has many pidgins and developed several creoles, being the Nezanomian Luryo Creole the most similar to the standard form.

HistoryEdit

In their earlier history, the Melnarians spoke a few languages. Through time, these languages began to evolve and split, creating whole new languages. Due to many people were not able to communicate with each other, a big group of linguist documented all the tongues of almost all the regions of their home planet. They took into account phonology, word roots, grammar and writing. After that, they began a project to create an universal language. They accomplished their goal and named the new language Melnarian. After a test period, it became official and all the people in the empire had to be able to speak Melnarian along with, if so, their native language

The Melnarians ruled over a vast extension of the Milky Way, so contact with other languages within their territory and with languages of other galactic civilisations, espcielly the Nezasomi, influenced Old Melnarian and created multiple dialects gouped in what was named Middle Melnarian. Another group of linguists decided to revise and standardise the language again in what was named Late Melnarian.

The Melnarians spoke Late Melnarian for hundreds of years without any significant changes but neologisms. However, it didn't last too much due to the involvement of the Melnarians in a bloody military conflict with the other galactic civilisations. In the final years of Galactic War 1, the Melnarian population that escaped their home planet and from plenty of minor colonies divided in 72 flotillas each of which headed to one of the seventy-two major colonies that they had previously founded. These colonies comprised a trinary star system with six inhabitable planets.

After thousands of years of isolation, new languages evolved in each planet of each colony. When the 72 colonies met, there were 288 different languages. Once again, a goup of linguists began a project to create an universal language. They found it difficult, so they decided to reconstruct the language used in the journals of the sunk ships. This reconstructed lanaguage was unofficially known as Neo Melnarian. Then it was officially named Luryo.

The regulatory authority for the teaching of Luryo is the Imperial Academy of the Lurian Language (ponto pangyen; xxx; /pɔn.tɔ.paŋ.jɛn/), an especial body of the Lurian Ministry of Education (ponto pangyen; xxx; /pɔn.tɔ.paŋ.jɛn/). The carer body of the literary heritage in Luryo is the Imperial Institute of the Lurian Literature (ponto pangyen; xxx; /pɔn.tɔ.paŋ.jɛn/), an especial body of the Lurian Ministry of Culture (ponto pangyen; xxx; /pɔn.tɔ.paŋ.jɛn/).

Brief OverviewEdit

Luryo is extremely flexible respect to word order, allowing to write a sentence with any of the six sintactic word orders. It has 96 phonemes of which 15 have a short allophone.

PhonologyEdit

Luryo has 77 consonant phonemes, 30 vowel phonemes, 15 long and 15 short, and 4 semivowel phonemes.

ConsonantsEdit

The inventory of consonants in Luryo is spread over almost all the places of articulation founded in human languages, but it has no clicks, ejectives nor implosives. The 77 consonants and 4 semivowels are:

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar

Post-alveolar

Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k g q ɢ
Fricative ɸ β̞ f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ
Affricate p̪͡f b̪͡v t̪͡θ d̪͡ð t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ d͡ʒ ʈ͡ʂ ɖ͡ʐ c͡ç ɟ͡ʝ k͡x ɡ͡ɣ q͡χ ɢ͡ʁ h ɦ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j* ɰ*
Labialised app. ɥ* w*
Trill r ʀ
Flap or tap ɾ ɽ
Lateral fric. ɬ ɮ ʟ̝̊ ʟ̝
Lateral affri. t͡ɬ d͡ɮ k͡ʟ̝̊ ɡ͡ʟ̝
Lateral app. l ɭ ʎ ʟ
Lateral flap ɺ

VowelsEdit

The inventory of vowels, like that of consonants, is spread over almost all the places of articulation founded in human languages. with each of the 15 long vowels phonetically paired with one of the 15 short vowels. The 30 vowels are:

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i: y: ɨ: ʉ: ɯ: u:
Near-close ɪ ʏ ɪ̈ ʊ̈ ɯ̽ ʊ
Close-mid e: ø: ɘ: ɵ: ɤ: o:
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ œ ɜ ɞ ʌ ɔ
Near-open ɐ:
Open a: ɶ: ɑ ɒ

AlphabetEdit

The Lurian alphabet consists of 81 consonants, including semivowels, and 15 vowel graphemes. There are upper and lower cases. Luryo is written in rows from left to right.

PhonotacticsEdit

The standard syllable structure is;

C (A) V (C)

Where (A) is a liquid consonant or a semivowel. There is consonant harmony according to the place of articulation when a syllable ends with a nasal or a liquid consonant (except fricatives and affricates) and the next syllable begins with a plosive, a fricative or an affricate.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes No No Yes Yes
Nouns Yes No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes No Yes No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes No Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

Luryo is a nominative–accusative language, morphologically agglutinative, slightly flexive and uses several particles to determine the grammatical functions of the sentence elements.

World orderEdit

Luryo has a relative free word order, meaning that it can follow any of the structural orders which are: SOV, SVO, VSO, VOS, OVS and OSV. These orders are grouped in SO, OS, VO, OV, SV and VS. The VO sentences are head initial, have the adjectives after nouns, place adpositions as prepositions before the noun phrases they govern and use the place-manner-time order. In contrast, OV are ussually head final, have the adjectives before nouns, place adpositions as postpositions after the noun phrases they govern and use the time-manner-place order. SV sentences follow the inderect-direct objects order and VS sentences follow the direct-indirect objects order. SO place complements after the object and OS sentences place complements before the object. Even though someone can use any word order, the SO orders are the most common.

NounsEdit

The noun is the nominal part of speech which refers to a concrete or an abstract entity.

In Luryo there two classes of nouns, animate and inanimate beings, both in the sense of living, not motion. The fomer class has three genders: masculine, feminine - both of which are based on the sex of living beings - and neuter - which is used when the speaker doesn't know the sex of the person, of the animal or of the plant; in plural it's used to include beings that are masculine, feminine and ambiguous. The latter class has one gender and includes objects, places, abstractions and actions.


VocabularyEdit


No. English
1IContionary_Wiki
2you (singular)Contionary_Wiki
3heContionary_Wiki
4weContionary_Wiki
5you (plural)Contionary_Wiki
6theyContionary_Wiki
7thisContionary_Wiki
8thatContionary_Wiki
9hereContionary_Wiki
10thereContionary_Wiki
11whoContionary_Wiki
12whatContionary_Wiki
13whereContionary_Wiki
14whenContionary_Wiki
15howContionary_Wiki
16notContionary_Wiki
17allContionary_Wiki
18manyContionary_Wiki
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewContionary_Wiki
21otherContionary_Wiki
22oneContionary_Wiki
23twoContionary_Wiki
24threeContionary_Wiki
25fourContionary_Wiki
26fiveContionary_Wiki
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
41husbandContionary_Wiki
42motherContionary_Wiki
43fatherContionary_Wiki
44animalContionary_Wiki
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogContionary_Wiki
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki


Example textEdit

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki