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Lutta

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Lutta
Lua-ǂXeda
Type
Alignment
Head direction
left
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


General InformationEdit

The Lutta Language (natively Lua-ǂHera [lɯʔə ǂʰerə]) is a Luttan language spoken by the Lua-Hushen.

PhonologyEdit

Pulmonic ConsonantsEdit

alveolar palatal pre-uvular glottal
nasal n ɲ ŋ
stop t d c ɟ ʔ
affricate ts dz tɕ dʑ
fricative central s z ɕ ʑ h
lateral ɬ ʎ̥˔
approximant ɹ l j ʎ ɰ
rhotic r

ClicksEdit

postalveolar lateral palatal
! ǁ ǂ tenuis
ǁʰ ǂʰ aspirated
ᵑ!ˀ ᵑǁˀ ᵑǂˀ glottalized nasal

VowelsEdit

front back
high e ɯ
low ɑ̽
  • /e/:æ~e~ɪ
  • /u/:ɨ~ɯ~ɯ̽
  • /a/:ə~ä~ɑ̽

PhonotacticsEdit

CV(N)

The following CV syllables don't occur: /ne/, /ŋe/, /tu/, /du/, /cu/, /ɟu/, /se/, /ze/, /ɬe/, /le/, /je/, /wu/, /!e/, /!ʰe/, /ᵑ!ˀe/, /ǁʰe/, or /ᵑǁˀe/

NounsEdit

Lutta has no grammatical gender, case, number, or definiteness. However, nouns can take many derivational affixes, and new nouns are frequently coined. For example, some common collectivizing suffixes are -n!a and -jawe found in hushen!a "a lot of people/people in general" and karajawe "a lot of kids/kids in general".

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