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Mértéetä

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Mértéetä
/møi̯ʀ.tɪi̯.'ɪ.tä/
Type
Polysynthetic
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Png - 副本 (2)

Planet

000 2

Mertenessia

The Mertenessian Language (Mértéetä  /møi̯ʀ.tɪi̯.'ɪ.tä/) is the language spoken by Merts People (Mérten  /'møi̯ʀ.tɪn/), who live in the western part of the continent Saykoran, planei (to be decided). It is also the official language of the Mertenessian Federal Republic  (Mérténeccià Watýoteńpòvritä).

ClassificationEdit

  • Saykoran-Napiennia Family
  • West-Saykoran Languages
  • Metza Languages
  • Mertenessian Language

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g q ʔ
Fricative ɸ β θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ç ʝ x ɣ
Affricate tθ dð ts dz tʃ dʒ kx gɣ
Approximant j
Trill r ʀ
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral approximant

l

ʎ ʟ

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close i y u
Near-close ɪ
Close-Mid o
Mid ə
Open a ä ɒ

DiphthongsEdit

i u
a ai̯ i̯a au̯ u̯a
e ɪi̯ i̯ɪ ɪu̯ u̯ɪ
i ii̯ i̯i iu̯ u̯i
o oi̯ i̯o ou̯ u̯o
u ui̯ i̯u uu̯ u̯u
y yi̯ i̯y yu̯ u̯y

AlphabetEdit

There are two types of alphabets in Mertenessian Language: Latin Script and Mertenessian Traditional Alphabet. Both of them are the official writing system of Mértéetä.

There are 38 letters in the Mertenessian Alphabet.

Letter Sound Letter Sound
F f /ɸ/ D d /d/
L l /l/ Ḋ ḋ /ɾ/
Ł ł /ʎ/ G g /g/
Ĺ ĺ /ʟ/ W w /β/
V v /b/ K k /k/
M m /m/ P p /p/
C c /s/ Z z /ʃ/
Ċ ċ /z/ Ż ż /ʒ/
Y y /y/ E e

/ɪ/

only in Mért /ø/

I i /i/ Ë ë /ə/
N n /n/ A a /a/
Ñ ñ /ɲ/ Ä ä /ä/
Ń ń /ŋ/ Ö ö /ɒ/
T t /t/ J j /j/
O o /o/ Q q /q/
U u /u/ X x /θ/
H h /ʔ/ Ẋ ẋ /ð/
R r /ʀ/ S s

Before & After i, e, y

/ç/

Otherwise

/x/

Ŕ ŕ /r/ Ṣ ṣ

Before & After i, e, y 

/ʝ/

Otherwise

/ɣ/

  • If a vowel letter has an 'acute accent', it indicates that the semivowel /i̯/ is after the vowel.
  • If a vowel letter has an 'grave accent', it indicates that the semivowel /i̯/ is before the vowel.
  • If a vowel letter has an 'circumflex', it indicates that the semivowel /u̯/ is after the vowel.
  • If a vowel letter has an 'caron', it indicates that the semivowel /u̯/ is before the vowel.

GrammarEdit

SyntaxEdit

The syntax in Mértéetä is usually SVO, but there can be exceptions.

GendersEdit

There are four genders in Mértéetä - Masculine, Feminine, Neuter and No-gender. However, unlike French, German, Spanish, Italian and Latin, the genders are only for living objects. Living objects can only use Masculine, Feminine and Neuter; non-living object can only use no-gender.

Masculine -ít
Feminine -ès
Neuter -àt
No-gender anything

Word EndingEdit

ArticlesEdit

Singular Indefinite Definite
Masculine ictít dít
Feminine ictès dès
Neuter ictàt dàt
No-gender

if the noun ending is a vowel

ict + vowel

if the noun ending is a consonant

ict + consonant

if the noun ending is a vowel

d + vowel

if the noun ending is a consonant

de + consonant

  • The plural of the indefinite article is icten.
  • The plural of the definite article is den.

NumberEdit

PronounsEdit

Personal PronounsEdit

Singular / Plural 1st Person 2nd Person 3rd Person
Masculine ít / íten ésít / ésíten ẋít / ẋíten
Feminine ès / èsen ésès / ésèsen ẋès / ẋèsen
Neuter i / in és / ésen ẋàt / ẋàten
No-gender - és / ésen ẋi / ẋin

NounsEdit

There are four cases of nouns in Mértéetä - Nominative, Accusative, Dative and Genitive. Using the singular, neuter forms of the word hifàt (person) , which belongs to the first declension:

  • hifàt (nominative) '(the) person' [as a subject or direct object in SVO]
  • hifàteh (accusative) '(the) person' [as a direct object]
  • àhifàt (dative) 'to / for (the) person' [as an indirect object]
  • hifàté (genitive) '(the) person's' [as a possessor]

There are two grammatical declensions in Mértéetä - first declensons and second declension, consists of nouns ending in consonant & e, and other vowels.

First DeclensionEdit

First declension nouns end in consonants and e.

hifàt (person) kötze (country)

Singular / Plural

Nominative Accusative Dative Genitive
Masculine hifít / hifíten hifíteh / hifíteneh àhifít / àhifíten hifíté / hifítené
Feminine hifès / hifèsen hifèseh / hifèseneh àhifès / àhifèsen hifèsé / hifèsené
Neuter hifàt / hifàten hifàteh / hifàteneh àhifàt / àhifàten hifàté / hifàtené
No-gender kötze / kötzeen kötzeeh / kötzeeneh àkötze / àkötzeen kötzeé / kötzeené

Second DeclensionEdit

Second declension nouns end in vowels (not e) .

All nouns in second declension are no-gender.

helvetä (language)

Nominative Accusative Dative Genitive
Singular helvetä helvetäh àhelvetä helvetäé
Plural helvetän helvetäneh àhelvetän helvetäné

VerbsEdit

  • Verbs in Mértéetä conjugate for eight tenses: present, present imperfect, perfect, past, past imperfect, pluperfect, future and future imperfect.
  • Verbs in Mértéetä conjugate for two moods: indicative and conditional. 
  • Verbs in Mértéetä conjugate for two voices: active and passive.
  • Verbs in Mértéetä conjugate for three persons: 1st person, 2nd person and 3rd person.
  • Verbs in Mértéetä conjugate for two numbers: singular and plural.
  • Although Verbs in Mértéetä conjugate for persons and numbers, the singular 3rd person form can be used for all persons and numbers.

TensesEdit

  • Present - to show someone does something.
  • Present imperfect - to show someone is doing something, and has not finished.
  • Perfect - to show someone has done something / finished doing something.
  • Past - to show someone did something in the past.
  • Past imperfect - to show someone was doing something in the past, and had not finished.
  • Pluperfect - to show someone had done something in the past / had finished doing something.
  • Future - to show someone will do something
  • Future imperfect - to show someone will be doing something, and will have not finished.
Present fasa
Present imperfect fasina
Perfect ava fasaḋ
Past fasei
Past imperfect fasinei
Pluperfect avei fasaḋ
Future nela fasaḋ
Future imperfect nelina fasaḋ

MoodsEdit

  • Indicative - most common used mood
  • Conditional - used after 'if'
Indicative fasa
Conditional fiefasa

VoicesEdit

  • Active - to show someone do something
  • Passive - to show something is done by someone
Active fasa
Passive sa fasani / sa fasano*
  • Depending on what is doing the action.

Persons & NumbersEdit

  • Persons and numbers are to show who does something.
  • The singular 3rd person form can be used for all persons & numbers.
Singular 1st person fasá
Singular 2nd person fasat
Singular 3rd person fasa
Plural 1st person fasanos
Plural 2nd person fasaéz
Plural 3rd person fasah

Full TableEdit

Fasar

(to make)

Active

Present

Active

Present Imperfect

Active

Perfect

Active

Past

Active

Past Imperfect

Active

Pluperfect

Active

Future

Active

Future Imperfect

Passive

Present

Passive

Present Imperfect

Passive

Perfect

Passive

Past

Passive

Past Imperfect

Passive

Pluperfect

Passive

Future

Passive

Future Imperfect

Indicative

Singular

1st Person

fasá fasiná avá fasaḋ faséi fasinéi avéi fasaḋ nelá fasaḋ neliná fasaḋ sá fasano siná fasano sá avfasano séi fasano sinéi fasano séi avfasano sá nelfasano siná nelfasano

Indicative

Singular

2nd Person

fasat fasinat avat fasaḋ faseit fasineit aveit fasaḋ nelat fasaḋ nelinat fasaḋ sat fasano sinat fasano sat avfasano seit fasano sineit fasano seit avfasano satnelfasano sinat nelfasano

Indicative

Singular

3rd Person

fasa fasina ava fasaḋ fasei fasinei avei fasaḋ nela fasaḋ nelina fasaḋ sa fasano sina fasano sa avfasano sei fasano sinei fasano sei avfasano sa nelfasano sina nelfasano

Indicative

Plural

1st Person

fasanos fasinanos avanos fasaḋ faseinos fasineinos aveinos fasaḋ nelanos fasaḋ nelinanos fasaḋ sanos fasano sinanos fasano sanos avfasano seinos fasano sineinos fasano seinos avfasano sanos nelfasano sinanos nelfasano

Indicative

Plural

2nd Person

fasaéz fasinaéz avaéz fasaḋ faseiéz fasineiéz aveiéz fasaḋ nelaéz fasaḋ nelinaéz fasaḋ saéz fasano sinaéz fasano saéz avfasano seiéz fasano sineiéz fasano seiéz avfasano saéz nelfasano sinaéz nelfasano

Indicative

Plural

​3rd Person

fasah fasinah avah fasaḋ faseih fasineih aveih fasaḋ nelah fasaḋ nelinah fasaḋ sah fasano sinah fasano sah avfasano seih fasano sineih fasano seih avfasano sah nelfasano sinah nelfasano

Conditional

Singular

1st Person

fiefasá fiefasiná avá fie fiefaséi fiefasinéi avéi fiefasaḋ nelá fiefasaḋ neliná fiefasaḋ sá fiefasano siná fiefasano sá avfiefasano séi fiefasano sinéi fiefasano séi avfiefasano sá nelfiefasano siná nelfiefasano

Conditional

Singular

2nd Person

fiefasat fiefasinat avat fie fieveit fiefasineit aveit fiefasaḋ nelat fiefasaḋ nelinat fiefasaḋ sat fiefasano sinat fiefasano sat avfiefasano seit fiefasano sineit fiefasano seit avfiefasano sat nelfiefasano sinat nelfiefasano

Conditional

Singular

​3rd Person

fiefasa fiefasina ava fie fiefasei fiefasinei avei fiefasaḋ nela fiefasaḋ nelina fiefasaḋ sa fiefasano sina fiefasano sa avfiefasano sei fiefasano sinei fiefasano sei avfiefasano sa nelfiefasano sina nelfiefasano

Conditional

Plural

1st Person

fiefasanos fiefasinanos avanos fie fiefaseinos fiefasineinos aveinos fiefasaḋ nelanos fiefasaḋ nelinanos fiefasaḋ sanos fiefasano sinanos fiefasano sanos avfiefasano seinos fiefasano sineinos fiefasano seinos avfiefasano sanos nelfiefasano sinanos nelfiefasano

Conditional

Plural

2nd Person

fiefasaéz fiefasinaéz avaéz fie fiefaseiéz fiefasineiéz aveiéz fiefasaḋ nelaéz fiefasaḋ nelinaéz fiefasaḋ saéz fiefasano sinaéz fiefasano saéz avfiefasano seiéz fiefasano sineiéz fiefasano seiéz avfiefasano saéz nelfiefasano saéz nelfiefasano

Conditional

Plural

​3rd Person

fiefasah fiefasinah avah fie fiefaseih fiefasineih aveih fiefasaḋ nelah fiefasaḋ nelinah fiefasaḋ sah fiefasano sinah fiefasano sah avfiefasano seih fiefasano sineih fiefasano seih avfiefasano sah nelfiefasano sinah nelfiefasano
  • 'fasino' is replaced by 'fasini' when saying that something is made by something else which is no-gender.

e.g ẋi sei fasini vais vecieur.

GerundEdit

ParticipleEdit

Adjectives and AdverbsEdit

  • All adjectives end in -i or -o. When describing something masculine, feminine or neuter, adjectives ends in -o. When describing something no-gender, adjectives end in -i.
  • All adverbs end in -is.
  • To make an adjective/adverb comparative, nas- is added to the adjective/adverb.
  • To make an adjective/adverb superlative, -issi- is added to the adjective/adverb.

höt-

(good)

Adjective

(describing masculine/feminine/neuter)

Adjective

(describing no-gender)

Adverb
Positive höto höti hötis
Comparative nashöto nashöti nashötis
Superlative hötisso hötissi hötissis

SentencesEdit

Transformation Parts of SpeechEdit

VocabularyEdit

Example textEdit

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