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Conlang

Møðletþung

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Dam Konta in dom nört (talk) 03:07, August 4, 2013 (UTC)

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Møðletþung
Middle tongue
Type
Flexive analytic
Alignment
Nominative-accusative
Head direction
Final
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
1
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Møðletþung (/mø.ðlet.θuŋ/) is a posteriori conlang which belong to the northern germanic languages family. It has evolved from low trudanelange and it has become an analytic language, the phonology has also changed and a lot of words seem different because of lenition and gender's removal.

Another think to have into consideration is that the verbs "Årmakon" and "Feraton" from hukketrudanjälangvig has become one verb called " på Vøre" that means "to be". Though the most of tenses are still flexives the future and conditional tenses has become analytic.

It is divided in two main dialects, the northern dialect which use the phonemes /ɹ/ and /ɻ/ instead of  /ʁ/ which is used in the southern one.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Alveolo-palatal Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Nasal m n ɳ ɲ ŋ
Plosive

p   b

t     d k   g
Sibilant Fricative f    v θ ʃ ɕ
Non-sibilant Fricative ɸ ð ð̠ ʝ x   ɣ       
Affricate ts
Approximant β ɹ ɻ j w ʁ h
Lateral Approximant l
Flap or tap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i u
Near-close ɪ       ʏ ʊ
Close-mid e o
Mid ə
Open-mid œ   ɛ ʌ        ɔ
Near-open æ
Open a

OrtographyEdit

Letter IPA  Letter  IPA  Letter IPA  Letter  IPA 
A /a/ -   /ʌ/ I /i/   -/ɪ/ P /p/ Y /ʏ/ - /ʝ/
B /b/ -   /β/ J /j/ R /ɹ/ -        /ʁ/* Z /ts/
C /ɕ/   - /k/ Ĵ /x/ Ʀ* /ɻ/ Æ /æ/
D /d/ - /d̪/ K /k/ S /s/ Ø /œ/
Ð /ð/ -   /ð̠/ L /l/ T /t/ Å /ɔ/
E /e/-/ɛ/ M /m/ Þ /θ/ Rn /ɳ/
F /f/  -   /ɸ/ N /n/ U /u/ Ng /ŋ/   
G /g/ -   /ɣ/ Ny /ɲ/ V /v/ Sch /ʃ/
H /h/ O /o/ W /w/ Č /tɕ/

Usually when the sound /ŋ/ (ng) is located before a vowel it becomes /ŋɣ/ (ngg).

  • letter "R" can be /ɹ/ or /ʁ/ depending on the dialect.
  • letter "Ʀ" is only found in the northern dialect.

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

VerbsEdit

As in many germanic languages, møðletþung's verbs could be "weak verbs", "strong verbs" and as special case "ss verbs". The disctintion is located when conjugating. Møðletþung has two moods (imperative and indicative) and the verbs are conjugated in present, past, gerund and participle because the future and conditional tenses are constructed by using of auxiliar verbs. 

weak verbsEdit

weak verbs can be also called regular verbs, these are the ones that are declinated regularly by adding of suffixes.

example verbs: Báþ (Bëtten), Drang (Dränken), Elske (Elskeren), Fligg (Flîgen) and Átme (Ajtmeren).

Infinitive Imperative Past Participle Present Future  Conditional
på Báþ Báþ Báþel Báþel Báþer Skyl báþ Skull báþ
på Drang Drang Drangel Drangel Dranger Skyl drang Skull drang
på Elske Elske Elskel Elskel Elsker Skyl elsk Skull elsk
på Fligg Fligg Fliggel Fliggel Fligger Skyl fligg Skull fligg
på Átme Átme Átmel Átmel Átmer Skyl átme Skull átme

Weak verbs make their past and participle way with "-el" and the present way by using "-er" and as every verb, the future form is made with the auxiliar verb "skyl" plus the infinitive and the same for the conditional but using "skull".

Strong verbsEdit

Strong verbs are verbs that change when conjugating, an also has a future form.

Infinitive Imperative Past Participle Present Future Conditional
på Lákk Lákk Læjkken Læjkken Læjkkar Læjkkur Skull lákk
på Liff Liff Leffen Leffen Leffar Leffur Skull liff
på Vænt Vænt Vanten Vanten Vantar Vantur Skull vænt
på Dissæt Dissæt Dessæten Dessæten Dessætar Dessætur Skull dissæat

Strong verbs make their past and participle form with "-en", the present with "-ar" and the future by the use of "-ur", the conditional works in the same way that the rest of verbs.

Strong verbs mark the following ablaut in the first syllable:

A - Æ E - I I - E O - Å U - Y Å - O Ø - U

Irregular verbsEdit

This language has only 3 irregular verbs and all of them belong to the family of the strong verbs, those verbs are Vøre (to be), Hafat (to have) and Hebb (to have).

Infinitive Imperative Past Participle Present Future Conditional
på Vøre Vøre Vaggen Vaggen Vaggar Vaggur Skull vøre
på Hafat Hafat Haten Haten Hatar Hatur Skull hafat
på Hebb Hebb Høren Høren Hørar Hørur Skull hebb






An auxiliar verb which is usfull to know about is the verb "på Hebb" that has as equivalent the english verb "to have" and the spanish verb "haber", but only when is use in perfects like the sentence "I have made a cake" or in phrases like "there is/there are...", so, why is this verb important? because as in german you can use the present perfect instead of using simple past. Then you have the other verb which has as equivalent the english one "to have", is called "på Hafat", this other is used when demarking posesion of something or a kind of not so strong obligation. 

VocabularyEdit

Example textEdit

The lord's prayerEdit

Møðletþung English Literal in english

Jan fatjæ hvø i skánðom vaggaʀ, visset din nam vøre. Din rekkist gjew. Din skyl vøre gjoren já varð så et i ská vaggaʀ. Diþ tá jan tálik brøþ geff ag, åg jan æfʀømten kirjoyþ, så vegja ðøss hvø æfrømteʀ modyʀ ag kirjoyþeʀ, åg egijaþæ ag i ráschtðom fall, fʀø jektal war ag. Þell.

Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us, and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.

Our father who in the skays is, hallowed your name be. Your kingdom come. Your will be done on earth as it in the skay is. This day our daily bread give us, and our trespasses forgive, as we those who trespass against us forgive, and not to lead us into temptation fall, from evil deliver us. Amen

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