|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
Classification and DialectsEdit
ph p b
th t d
kh k g
ʧh ʧ ʤ
|Flap or tap|
Nouns in Makin have 2 genders: Masculine and Feminine. The genders are indicated by the final vowel of the noun. Vowels have one of two genders. If the final vowel is masculine, the entire noun is masculine, and vice versa. The only exceptions to this rule are numbers and occupations. "A" is a feminine vowel, so 'tořa' (magic) is a feminine word. Nouns change their form according to only number. Plural nouns have different forms that singular nouns, and the system of pluralisation is unfortunately irregular. Case, definiteness, plurality and gender are all inflected within the accompanying article.
Verbs are highly agglutinative, quite irregular from the other romance languages. Different endings are attached to the end of the verb to indicate aspect, tense, person, number, (voice) and (mood), in that order. Because it inflects according to person and number, the nominative pronouns are usually omitted in speech and in writing. Finite verbs generally come in the seond element of the sentence, and infinite verbs directly follow the finite verb. All verbs have roots and stems. Roots end in '(vowel)ş', and are almost never used unless referring to the verb itself. The stem is what the suffixes are added to, and it is used as the infinitive. Example: 'vaş' is the root and 'v' is the stem meaning 'to run'. Usa lan veřba vaş. (He uses the verb 'to run'), BUT Vwa v. (He wants to run)
Adjectives have one of three genders, masucline, feminine, and neuter. Adjectives have a simple solution of adding the suffixes 'a' or 'o' to agree with the noun they describe. If a feminine adjective is describing a feminine noun, no suffix is necessary, but if a masculine adjective is describing a feminine noun, then the suffix 'a' must be added. Thus, neuter nouns must have a suffix to agree with the noun. Finding the gender of the adjective is not as easy as nouns, however. There is no fixed rule, so memorisation of the gender must accompany memorisation of the meaning. The only fixed rule is that all adjectives formed from nouns are neuter. The adjective must agree with the noun if they are attributive, and can come either directly before, or after the noun they are describing. However, in predicative adjectives, the adjective must not agree with the noun they describe. Neuter nouns need not add any suffixes, but should a predicative masculine adjective describe a masculine noun, the feminine suffix 'a' must be added to disagree with the noun. Since it is obvious that adjectives are thus predicative, the copula is not necessary. Adjectives have comparative and superlative forms, with the addition of 'åṝ' and 'iste' respectively.
|Universal Declaration of Human Rights||Deklařa Univeřsaa de belkao peθo|
|Article 1||Eŗĉiq$ 1|
|All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.||Alle humans biθo libřo eta ekwao in pošca eta belka. Endawǔgæ mit denk epa vetǔ akt ala tofis in nam spiř deta zamen.|