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Mardahag

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Mardahag
Mardjahaji
Spoken in: Mongolia, Manchuria, Kazakhstan, Northern China, Southwest Russia
Total speakers: 7,000,000
Language family: Altaic
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: to be added
ISO 639-3:
Mardahag is an Altaic fictional language spoken in Central to East Asia. It uses the traditional Mongolian writing system. It is with mixed Turkish-Mongolian language. The grammar is a little bit hard for foreigners. The Mardahag alphabet is shown below the infobox. I do not own the picture. Copyright to the owner.
Traditional-mongolian-alphabet-vowel

Phrases Edit

Phrases # 1 Edit

Hello! (formal) - Gaanzit! (gahn-zeet)

Traditional-mongolian-alphabet

Hello! (informal) - Halu! (hah-loo)

Goodbye! (formal) - Mabaa! (mah-bah)

Goodbye! (informal) - Baou! (bah-how) -

How are you? - Gvayartu? (guh-wah-shtuh)

Fine, thank you. - Gviti, hahar. (guh-wih-teh, hah-har)

What's your name? - Enadurhan? (ehn-ah-dehr-hen)

My name is ______. - Adurhan ___ irsap. (ah-dehr-hen ___ ihr-sehp)

I am ______. - ______ irsap. (_______ ihr-sehp)

How old are you? - Enaharga? (ehn-a-har-gah)

I am _____ years old. - Aharga _____ shasar. (a-har-gah ___ shah-sahr)

Thank you. (formal) - Hahar. (hah-har)

Thank you. (informal) - Sidsehar! (sihd-sah-har)

You're welcome. - Tsebihahar! (tay-sah-bee-hah-har)

Yes. - Gor. (gohr)

No. - Tse. (tay-sah)

Maybe. - Gortse. (gohr-tay-sah)

Nice to meet you. - Ulere urun aksi purun. (uh-luh-ruh eh-rehn ak-seh peh-ruhn)

  • gaanzit - hello
  • halu - hello
  • mabaa - goodbye
  • baou - bye
  • gvayartu - condition
  • gviti - fine
  • hahar - thanks
  • en - your
  • adurhan - name
  • irsap - (a connective that connects after a person's name)
  • aharga - age
  • shasar - (a connective that connects after a number)
  • sidsehar - thanks
  • tse - no
  • bi - need, require
  • gor - yes
  • gortse - maybe
  • ulere - good
  • urun - you
  • aksi - know
  • purun - meet

Phrase # 2 Edit

Do you understand? - Enhahal? (ehn-hah-hal)

I understand. - Gorhahal. (gohr-hah-hal)

I don't understand. - Tsehahal. (tay-sah-hah-hal)

Clearly, please. - Anvt, seseka. (ahn-wiht, seh-seh-kah)

What languages do you speak? - Enhargis sonor? (ehn-hahr-geehs soh-ner)

I speak ____________. - Hargis ________. (hahr-gees ______)

  • hahal - understand
  • anvt - clear, clearly
  • seseka - please
  • hargis - language
  • sonor - speak

Phrase # 3 Edit

Happy New Year! - Sensi Ahere! (sayn-sey ah-huh-ru)

Merry Christmas! - Kahaji Ahere! (kahk-jih ah-huh-ru)

Happy Easter! - Hargata Ahere! (hahr-gah-tah ah-huh-ru)

Happy Halloween! - Zanvm Ahere! (zahn-nem ah-huh-ru)

Happy Birthday! - Isiri Ahere! (ee-see-ree ah-huh-ru)

Happy Chinese New Year! - Gong Ha Bat Cho! (Kung Hei Fat Choi!)

  • sen - new
  • si - year
  • ahere - happy
  • kahaji - christmas
  • hargata - easter
  • zanvm - halloween
  • isiri - birthday

Phrase # 4 Edit

Good morning! - Naam ulere! (nahm uh-luh-ruh)

Good afternoon! - Saim ulere! - (seym uh-luh-ruh)

Good evening! - Nidi ulere! (nee-dih uh-luh-ruh)

Good night! - Purugu ulere! (fuhr-gayn uh-luh-ruh)

  • naam - morning
  • saim - afternoon
  • nidi - evening
  • purugu - night

NOTE: Only the pronoun I is hidden. It is shown when I is direct or indirect object and in that state, I is added to the front of the sentence when used as a direct, and placed on the last part when indirect.

Numbers (Makanteg) Edit

English Number Number Pronounciation
0 uruhun uhr-hun
1 iksat yahk-set
2 hara hah-reh
3 daragub dahr-gah-bah
4 bele boo-loo
5 gahang gah-hang
6 aharni ehr-ni
7 shanal shnahl
8 aribo ahr-bow
9 jahar jah-der
10 ikasi yahk-kah-si
11 ikasa yahk-kah-sah
12 ikaha yahk-kah-hah
13 ikada yahk-kah-dah
14 ikabe yahk-kah-boo
15 ikaga yahk-kah-gah
16 ika'ah yahk-kah-eh
17 ikasha yahk-kah-shah
18 ika'ar yahk-kah-ahr
19 ikaja yahk-kah-jah
20 harasi hah-reh-si
30 daragubsi dahr-gah-bah-si
40 belesi boo-loo-si
100 ikarak yahk-kah-rek
500 gahangrak gah-hang-rek
1000 ikanu yahk-kah-noo
10000 ikasaat yahk-kah-saht
100000 ikamni yahk-kah-meyn
1 mil ikaraya yahk-kah-rey
10 mil ikardu yahk-kah-rad
100 mil ikaalka yahk-kah-alk
1 bil ikalala yahk-kah-lah
10 bil ikadirdi yahk-kah-dreed
100 bil ikayarta yahk-kah-shta
1 tril ikalaaka yahk-kah-lah-ka

NOTE: Ordinal Numbers : inig + (number)

Questions and Pronouns Edit

Questions Edit

whom - bangahaa (bang-hey)

what - nahaan (nahn)

who - horv (hoh-row)

why - dene (duh-nuh)

whose - horvna (hoh-row-nah)

where - serang (soo-rong)

how - horo (how-row)

when - danal (dney)

how much - dorhugu (druh-guh)

which - alazaangi (ah-lah-znahng-geeh)

how ___ - naa _____

Pronouns Edit

English Pronoun Pronoun Possessive Pronoun
I / my / mine neher* muksu*
you / your urun en
he / his argin ne'eni
she / her gimin daha
we / our vnha alsi
they / their gom harachi
it / its purub anvto

*=Only the pronoun I is hidden. It is shown when I is direct or indirect object and in that state, I is added to the front of the sentence when used as a direct, and placed on the last part when indirect.

En is used also in questions asking do you?...

NOTE: Urun is placed beside a first word in a sentence that ends with a consonant. If not, it's placed at the end.

For some people that do not know direct or indirect,

A direct object is by question "what? or whom?"

Example: I bought a book. (what did I buy? - a book)

An indirect object is by question "to whom? to what? for what? for whom? .... etc."

Example: He gave it to his friend. (to whom did he give it? - to his friend)

Possessives stick to the word they possess:

Example: enubilik (en) + (ubilik)

Nationality, Place Edit

Where do you live? / Where is your house? - Serang enhala? (Soo-rong en-hah-la?)

I live in _______. - Hala _______. (Hah-la _______)

From what country are you from? - Nahaan enubilik? (Nah-hen ehn-nuh-bey-lik?)

I am from ____. - Ubilik _______. (Uh-bey-lik ________)

  • hala - house
  • ubilik - country
  • bayanhan - country

Countries (Bayanhan) Edit

Country in English Country in Mardahag
America Amarika
Philippines Filipiniz
China Hanyan
Japan Neihvn
Korea Gohoro
Vietnam Dainam
Mongolia Mongohor
Kazakhstan Khantahar
Thailand Shamhaji
Cambodia Khmaliya
Canada Kannada
India Hinduriya
Laos Lav
Egypt Ehira
France Faban
Germany Herme
Netherlands Dutno
Italy Benisa
Spain Hespanika
Russia Hasiya
Australia Asaniriya
Israel Jibra
Arabia Harabi
Iran Farsiya
Iraq Babiliya
Turkey Turhaka

Nationality (male) = dugu + (country)

Nationality (female) = durhut + (country)

Time Edit

What time is it? - Nahaan nar? (Nahn nah?)

It's ____________. - Nar __________ shasar. (Nah _______ shah-sar.)

Morning Edit

What time do you get up? - Nahaan urun nar gahan? (Nahn eh-rehn nah gih-han?)

I wake up at _______. - Gahan _______ shasar. (Gih-han ______ shah-sar.)

What time do you have classes in the morning? - Nahaan urun nar harga'an ze naam? (Nahn eh-rehn nah hur-gey-yan jzeh nahm?)

Class begins at _______. - Siti harga'an _______ shasar. (Seh-teh hur-gey-yan ______ shah-sar.)

  • nar - time
  • gahan - get up
  • harga'an - class
  • ze - (place-directioner, similar to zai in Chinese)
  • siti - start, begin

The Place-Directioner Edit

ze - in, on (jzeh)

nu'uli - above, top (nah-yul-lee)

de'uli - below, bottom (deh-yul-lee)

Break Edit

What time do you have a break? - Nahaan urun nar adai? (Nahn eh-rehn nah ahd-deh?)

We have a break at ______. - Vnha adai __________ shasar. (Uwn-hah ahd-deh ____ shah-sahr.)

What do you do during the break? - Adai nahaan urun nehe? (Ahd-deh nahn eh-rehn neh-ye?)

I take coffee. - Kapi ade. (Koo-pi ahd-deh)

  • adai - break
  • nehe - do
  • kapi - coffee
  • ade - take

Going Back Edit

At what time do you have lunch? - Nahaan urun nar hibi? (Nahn eh-rehn nah hee-bee?)

I take lunch at _______. - Hibi ________ shasar. (Hee-bee ______ shah-sahr.)

After lunch, I go back home. - Neka hibi, urgut hala. (Nik-hah hee-bee, ehr-guht hah-lah.)

  • hibi - lunch
  • neka - after
  • ur - back
  • gut - go

Meals Edit

breakfast - adal (eh-dahl)

lunch - hibi (hee-bee)

afternoon snacks - mehek (mah-hak)

dinner - harda (her-ruy-dah)

Irsap and Shasar Edit

irsap - after a person's name.

shasar - after a number.

Hour and Minute Edit

Hour: nurdaa + (number)

Minute: samsal + (number)

AM (morning) - naam

PM (afternoon) - saim

PM (night) - nidu

AM (midnight) - manhab

Go, Places Edit

Where do you want to go? - Serang urun sib tsu? (Soo-rong eh-rehn sib tsuw?)

I want to go to ______. - Sib tsu ______. (Sib tsuw ______.)

  • sib - want
  • tsu - go

Optative Verbs (sib), (nokor), (niima), and (qalagan) Edit

Sib and Nokor are meaning want, desire.

Niima and Galagan means to like.

This and That Edit

this - gurtu

that - shyar

Date Edit

What day is today? - Nahaan baytai ngorgvn?

It's ___________. - Baytai ________ shasar.

What day of the week is tomorrow? - Nahaan baytai ze uruyartai ngorduk?

  • baytai - day
  • ngorgvn - today
  • uruyartai - week
  • ngorduk - tomorrow
  • ala'apai - month
  • surgud - year
  • arga - every
English Word Mardahag Word
the day before yesterday sentai
yesterday umubra
today ngorgvn
tomorrow ngorduk
the day after tomorrow hartai
the week before last senyar
last week bulubi
this week agasang
next week araf
the week after next haryar
the month before last senpai
last month hatnan
this month sirisi
next month banja
the month after next harpai
the year before last sengud
last year ulaarik
this year julimbi
next year angava
the year after next hargud
everyday argatai
every week argayar
every month argapai
every year argagud

Frequency Edit

always - asasan

sometimes - judu

rarely - simin

never - ajjakai

Day of the Week Edit

English Day Mardahag Day
Sunday avarhun
Monday huvurgu
Tuesday daju
Wednesday bihanjar
Thursday baha
Friday hanhali
Saturday jindai

Months Edit

English Month Mardahag Month
January sanggapa
February nihanai
March here
April nasaa
May hurguusin
June apalarka
July nazargak
August barvn
September uturuv
October amgahani
November simembe
December qalgaange

Birthdays Edit

In which year are you born? - Alazaangi surgud enisiri?

I was born in ________. - Isiri surgud _______ shasar.

When is your birthday? - Danal enisiri?

My birthday is the __________. - Isiri ______ shasar.

When will you go? Edit

When will you go to your country? - Danal jitere ubilik?

I will go in ____________. - Jitere ze _______________.

  • jitere - will depart (future tense)

Tenses of Verbs Edit

Past Tense Edit

Add dikut + (verb)

Present Tense Edit

Add jamib + (verb)

Future Tense Edit

When the verb starts with a vowel, add ji + (verb).

When the verb starts with a consonant add naram + (verb)

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