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Malchan/la-dyon d Malt
Analytic (nouns), Fusional (verbs)
Head direction
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect

General InformationEdit

Martian (natively Malchan [malˠˈʃã] or la-dyon d Malt [lɘˈðjɔ̃θ ˈmalˠt]) is the sole official and national language of the Democratic Republic of Mars (natively Zepúglca Demarcátca d Malt) which became de facto sovereign nation independent from the spacefaring Chile in the year 2351 (Martian Republican Year 0).

As of MRY 125 (2581 C.E.), Martian has 86 million native speakers and approximately 18 million L2 speakers. Martian is one of a handful of descendants from Chilean Spanish, which became a language of science after the fall of many world powers from 2050 to 2130.

Paz la-venefich d to.



There are 18 consonant phonemes. Allophones are in parentheses.

labial dental alveolar palatal velar glottal
nasal m n ɲ
stop p (b) t d k (g)
fricative f v (θ) ð s (z) ɕ ʑ h
approximant l (lˠ) j w
flap ɾ (ɾˠ)
  1. /p/ and /k/ and /s/ are allophonically voiced intervocalically, while /t/ and /d/ contrast only in that environment.
  2. /ð/ is devoiced word-finally or when adjacent to a voiceless consonant.
  3. /l/ and /r/ are velarized in the coda.


There are 13 vowel phonemes.

front central back
close i ĩ u ũ
close-mid e ø ɘ o
open-mid ɛ ɛ̃ ɔ̃
open a ã
  1. /e/ and /ɛ/ contrast only in unstressed syllables. In stressed syllables they merge into an archiphoneme /E/ which is realized as [ɛ] before a coda consonant and [e] elsewhere.
  2. /ɘ/ is a rarely encountered phoneme which appears in many clitics and a few loanwords, but very seldom elsewhere.


The Avese Malchan (Martian Alphabet) is a descendant of the Spanish Latin Alphabet. It contains twenty-three separate characters, eight digraphs, and one separate diacritic.

A a C c D d E e Ê ê F f G g H h I i J j
a ce de e e sorver ef ge jach i jot
/a/ /k/ /ð/ /e/, /E/ /ɛ/ /f/ /w/ silent /i/ /h/
L l M m N n Ñ ñ O o P p R r S s T t U u
el men nen ñen o pe er es te u
/l/ /m/ /n/ /ɲ/ /o/ /p/ /r/ /s/ /t/, /d/ /u/
V v Y y Z z an on ch eu th
ve ye zet en un ce jach e u te jach
/v/ /j/ /ʑ/ in /ɕ/ /ø/ /t/
  • An asent aggo (acute accent) is applied to vowels in syllables that are stressed and not word-finally.


Pronouns (Pronorf)

nom obl gen
sg 1 cho me mi
2 vo te tuch
3 êl êl, se such
pl 1 nosort nosort neurt
2 uted uted d'uted
3 ech ech, se d'ech



The indefinite (na-) and definite (la-) articles take the form of clitics that attact to the first word in a noun phrase with a hyphen. They both contain the rare vowel phoneme /ɘ/.


These also function as demonstrative pronouns.

proximal es ˈɛs
distal acech aˈgɛɕ
  • ex. Es vin solament por nosort. Vo tene acech águ.
  • "This wine is only for us. You have that water."


Infinitives are in -al, -el, and -il.

Present tenseEdit

-al -el -il
cho/êl -0
vo -a -e -i
nosort -an -en -in
uted/ech -n

Past tenseEdit

-al -el -il
cho/vo/êl -af -it
nosort -ávmo -ímo
uted/ech -avn -in

Future tenseEdit

-al -el -il
cho -are -ere -ire
vo/êl -ara -era -êra
nosort -aren -eren -iren
uted/ech -aran -eran -êran


-al -el -il
cho/vo/êl -êri -eri -iri
nosort -êrímo -erímo -irímo
uted/ech -êrin -erin -irin


Sel [ˈsɛlˠ] {ser} -to be (in essence)

sg pl
1 soy son
2 so son
3 e son

Etal [eˈdalˠ] {estar} -to be (in a state)

sg pl
1 etoy etan
2 eta etan
3 eta etan


Eperal [ebeˈɾalˠ] {esperar} -to hope

present past future conditional
sg pl sg pl sg pl sg pl
1 eper eperan 1 eperaf eperávmo 1 eperare eperaren 1 eperêri eperêrímo
2 epera epern 2 eperaf eperavn 2 eperara eperaran 2 eperêri eperêrin
3 eper epern 3 eperaf eperavn 3 eperara eperaran 3 eperêri eperêrin

Cozel [koˈʑɛlˠ] {correr} -to run

present past future conditional
sg pl sg pl sg pl sg pl
1 coz cozen 1 cozit cozímo 1 cozere cozeren 1 cozeri cozerímo
2 coze cozn 2 cozit cozin 2 cozera cozeran 2 cozeri cozerin
3 coz cozn 3 cozit cozin 3 cozera cozeran 3 cozeri cozerin

Ocuzil [oguˈʑilˠ] {ocurrir} -to happen

present past future conditional
sg pl sg pl sg pl sg pl
1 ocuz ocuzin 1 ocuzit ocuzímo 1 ocuzire ocuziren 1 ocuziri ocuzirímo
2 ocuzi ocuzn 2 ocuzit ocuzin 2 ocuzêra ocuzêran 2 ocuziri ocuzirin
3 ocuz ocuzn 3 ocuzit ocuzin 3 ocuzêra ocuzêran 3 ocuziri ocuzirin

Sound ChangesEdit


V=aɛiouɔe, F=eiɛ, B=aouɔ, U=aɛiou, C=mnɲpbftdsɕjkxglrɾvðɣwhθzʑ, S=ptks, Z=bdgz, G=vðɣ, K=fθj, R=rɾ, N=mnɲ


  1. č/ɕ/_
  2. sˈb/ˈf/_
  3. sˈg/ˈx/_
  4. sb/f/_
  5. sg/x/_
  6. d//ˈ(C)(C)(C)V_
  7. ɾ/n/_(ˈ)n
  8. b/u/_(ˈ)l
  9. Z/G/_
  10. j/ɕ/_/V_[C#]
  11. i/j/V_
  12. i/j/_(ˈ)V/ˈC_
  13. u/w/V_
  14. u/w/_(ˈ)V/ˈ(C)(C)(C)_
  15. R/l/_(ˈ)[C#]
  16. r/ʑ/_
  17. k//_s
  18. s//_(ˈ)[C#]/_[jw]
  19. e/ɛ/_(ˈ)C(ˈ)[C#]
  20. o/ɔ/_(ˈ)C(ˈ)[C#]
  21. V//ˈ(C)(C)(C)V(C)(C)(C)_
  22. w//_l#
  23. x/ɕ/_F
  24. x/ɕ/F_(ˈ)[C#]
  25. x/h/_
  26. h//_#
  27. N/~/V(j)_(ˈ)[C#]
  28. S/Z/V(~)(ˈ)_(ˈ)V
  29. [pc]//_(ˈ)t
  30. tɾ/ɕ/[#Cˈ]_
  31. CR/\\/_/#_
  32. ˈɾt/ˈɕ/#_
  33. sj/ɕ/_
  34. j/i/[C#]_[C#]
  35. a/ɛ/_…ˈ(C)(C)(C)i
  36. i/ɛ/_…ˈ(C)(C)(C)B
  37. [ɛe]//#_CC/_[jw]C
  38. ɣ//C_
  39. G/K/_(ˈ)[Sɕ#]
  40. ɔ/o/_~
  41. V~/U/_(ˈ)[fθwlR]
  42. ɔ/a/_
  43. /h/B_(ˈ)B
  44. w//_(ˈ)ɛ~
  45. w[eɛ]/ø/_
  46. wˈ[eɛ]/ˈø/_
  47. ɣ/w/_
  48. ɛ/e/ˈ(C)(C)(C)_(~)C/_C[C#]
  49. e/ɛ/ˈ(C)(C)(C)_(~)C[C#]
  50. /ɣ/[lɾ]_[C#]
  51. w/u/#_C
  52. w/u/C_#



# name 10+# #*10
0 ser dye
1 un ons dye
2 do dyes-do venñt
3 che dyes-che chent
4 cgart catals cgarent
5 sinc cins sincent
6 sey dyes-sey sesent
7 chet dyes-chet setent
8 och dyes-och ochent
9 neuf dyes-neuf novent
10 dye venñt chyen


  • colal [koˈlalˠ]: colors
  • ner [ˈnɛɾˠ]: black
  • vlanc [ˈvlãk]: white
  • zo [ˈʑo]: red
  • luzos [luˈʑos]: pink
  • colora [koloˈɾa]: colored, blush-colored
  • anaranja [anaɾãˈha]: orange
  • êmêrich [ɛmɛˈɾiɕ]: yellow
  • asul [aˈzulˠ]: blue
  • veld [ˈvɛlˠθ]: green
  • vyolet [vjoˈlɛt]: violet, purple
  • mora [moˈɾa]: bruise-colored
  • mazon [maˈʑɔ̃]: dark brown
  • vronsea [vɾɔ̃zɛˈa]: light brown (tan)
  • zuch [ˈʑuɕ]: gray
  • ureclal [uɾekˈlalˠ]: gray
  • platea [pladeˈa]: silver


Family members (Myerf):

  • fêmíli: family
  • par: parents
  • paba/pap: father
  • mama/man: mother
  • nin: children
  • hich: son or daughter
  • epos: spouse
  • hêlman: sibling
  • ti: aunt or uncle
  • prin: cousin
  • sarvin: niblings
  • aveul/veulit: grandparents
  • ñet: grandchildren
  • visaveul: great-grandparents
  • tíaveul/tíveulit: grandaunt/granduncle
  • seur: parents-in-law
  • cuña: siblings-in-law

Days of the WeekEdit

  1. lun- Monday
  2. malt- Tuesday
  3. myélcle- Wednesday
  4. jeuf- Thursday
  5. vyenn- Friday
  6. sávdo- Saturday
  7. dominñ- Sunday


As the Martian year is about twice as long as Earth's, upon declaring independence, the Darian calendar was adopted.

  1. Sachêtáli
  2. Dan
  3. Carpêcóni
  4. Macar
  5. Acgáli
  6. Cuf
  7. Pis
  8. Min
  9. Áli
  10. Mech
  11. Táru
  12. Zêchaf
  13. Chénni
  14. Mêtun
  15. Cansl
  16. Calc
  17. Leon
  18. Sin
  19. Vil
  20. Canch
  21. Lirf
  22. Tul
  23. Cálpi
  24. Vríchka
  • ex. Today is Monday, Leo 1.
  • Hay e lun, la-sal primer d Leon.


  • Primaver: Spring
  • Veran: Summer
  • Oton: Autumn/Fall
  • Invyenn: Winter


and ("i"), or ("o"), but ("per")


noroet naldet
oet senchal et
suroet sudet

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