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Metsx

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Metsx
Metsx marus
Type Agglutinative
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Statistics
Nouns Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Verbs Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Adjectives Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Syntax Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Words 200 of 2000
Creator MAT20102

Metsx (Metsx marus /mɛtʃ ˈmarus/) is the language of the fictional country of Metsx. It is spoken by approximately 900,000,000 people.

Classification and DialectsEdit

Metsx's lexis is based mostly on the ancient Metsx. It has two more descendants: Sapametsx and Latgalsk.

Ancient Metsx
Metsx Sapametsx Latgalsk

Metsx has two difefrent standards of pronuncation- the official one and the northern one, which is rarely used.

Metsx has been influenced mostly by Maori, Mandarin Chinese, Lithuanian, Bulgarian, Albanian and other conlangs.

Edit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Post-alveolar Alveolo-

palatal

Palatal Velar
Nasal m n
Plosive p b

pʰ bʰ

t d ɟ k g

Fricative f v s z ʃ ɕ (ʑ) (x) ɣ
Affricate t͡s t͡ʃ t͡ɕ (d͡ʑ)
Approximant j
Trill (ʙ) r
Lateral app. l ʎ

-In certain positions, especially if it is in a stressed syllable and before /ɛ/, a consonant can get palatalized.

-/r/, /p/ and /s/ are sometimes voiceless.

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close i ɨ u
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open a

-Vowels /ɛ/ and /ɔ/ can be nasalized.

-In stressed syllables /ɛ/ makes the consonant before it palatalized.

-The /i/ sound makes th consonant before it palatalized.

Writing System Edit

Letter A a Æ æ B b C c D d E e Ë ë Ê ê F f G g H h I i
Sound a ɔ̃ b t͡s d ɛ1,2 ɛ̃ f g ɣ i3
Letter J j K k L l Ll ll M m N n O o P p Q q R r S s T t
Sound j k l ʎ m n ɔ p t͡ɕ r s t
Letter U u V v X x Y y Z z kh gh bh px sx tsx ijh
Sound u v5 ɕ j z ɟ4 pʰ  ʃ t͡ʃ ɣ6
  1. /ɛ/ can alternate into /ɛ:/ in the inferential, renarrative or dubitative infix -te-.
  2. /ɛ/ can also change into /ɨ/ in an unstressed syllable at the beginning of a word that have 4 or more syllables.
  3. after /t͡s/ the /i/ sound is changed to /ɨ/.-The apostrophe is not counted as a letter, but it represents the palatalization of the syllable before it. e.g. -ibbe' /ibbʲɛ/ or the glottal stop.
  4. 'gh' can be also pronounced as /d͡ʑ/ in the northern speech.
  5. It can be optionally replaced with /ʙ/ in the northern speech.
  6. It can be optionally replaced with /x/.
Additional Letters (used primarily in Metsx course books)
Letter Ēē Áá/Íí/Óó/Úú Éé
Adnotation it represents a stressed syllable it represents a stressed syllable
Sound ɛː /a/ /i/ /ɔ/ /u/ ; Cʲɛ
Example tetetétēs femmáior hédrep

(C stands for a consonant)

Stress Edit

In Metsx stress is always located on the second syllable. Compare:

'femmai vs. fem'maior

Notice that the /ɛ/ sound in the stressed syllable causes the palatalization of the consonant before it. Compare:

/ˈmankɛ/ vs. /man'kʲɛtɛːs/

In words that have 4 or more syllables the \ɛ\ sound in the 1st syllable changes to /ɨ/. Compare

/pɛˈmannɛj/ vs. /pɨmannɛjˈt͡sɨɔr/

GrammarEdit

Nouns Edit

Metsx nouns are classified according to the grammatical gender (1st, 2nd, 3rd) and are used in a number (singular, dual or plural). According to their position in the sentence their form can change to one of 9 cases. The set of forms that a noun will take for each case and number is determined by the declension that it follows.

Diminutive: the -ci suffix

1st Gender- visible creatures with ability to speak

2nd Gender-invisible or fictional creatures; states of mind, the rest

3rd Gender-plants, animals

Cases
Nominative Ge's aqikides vërtës. It's a tall skyscraper.
Genitive1 Kues diides pe-manneis bref ma? Do you love your friend's brother?
Vocative Muqei'! Uvvo særs? Mom! Where are you?
Dative O kapeë tets familiobe. I'd give everything to my family.
Locative Særxëetp ækësxki’. They were at home.
Instrumental ’Kveqes o’kh. Come with me.
Causal-final Tets gen' sært dibbe. Everything here is for you.
Adessive Mankex oides martësokha’. I ate at my fiance's.
Illative Va kescep Berlinibbe'! We're going to run to Berlin.
  1. Genitive may be replaced with the construction using 'u'. E.g. muqeis bref = bref u muqe
Declension I (animate nouns that end in a consonant.)

SINGULAR

1st

2nd

3rd

Nominative (what? who?)

ø

ø

ø

Genitive (whose?)

-is

-is

-is

Vocative (hey ... !)

-i'!

-ei'!

-e'!

Dative (to whom?/what?)

-ibbe

-ibbe

-ibbe'1

Locative (where?)

-ki

-qi'

-ki2

Instrumental (with who?/what?)

-'um

-'eg

-'eg2

Causal-final (for who?/what?)

-ibbe

-ibbe

-'ep2

Adessive (at what?)

-a'

-a'

-a'2

Illative (into who?/what?)

-ibbe'

-ibbe'

-ibbe'

1.Here some consonants change: s-z, c-q, z-x, sx-tsx, tsx-c,b-p, g-k, gh-q

2.Here s alters to sx, x to z and q to tsx.

Declension II (inanimate nouns that end in a consonant)
SINGULAR 2nd 3rd
N. ø ø
G. -is -is
V. -ei'! -ai'!
D. -ibbe -ibbe
L. -usqi' -uzki
I. -'ugh -'ægh
C. -'ep -'ep
A. -ae' -ae'
Il. -ibbe' -ibbe'
Declension III (any noun that ends with a vowel)
SINGULAR -i -e -o -a -u -ci
N. ø ø ø ø ø ø ø ø
G. -s -is -is -is -is -is -s' -s'
V. -'! -i'! -i'! -i'! -i'! -i'! -'! -'!
D. -bbe -sibbe -be -bbe -ibbe -bbe -be -be
L. -m' -n' -st' -t' -s' -d' -s' -s'
I. -'ga -'gh -'kh -'gh -'ga -'g -'g -'g
C. -bbe -ibbe -bbe -bbe -ibbe -be -be -be
A. -sx' -s'1 -sx'2 -z' -s' -sx' -s' -sx'
Il. -ibbe' -ibbe' -ibbe' -ibbe' -ibbe' -ibbe' -ibbe' -ibbe'
  1. 'e' changes to 'ë'
  2. 'o' changes to 'u'
Declension of the dual and plural

DUAL

1st

2nd

3rd

PLURAL

1st

2nd

3rd

N.

-da'

-da'

-da'1

N.

-or

-or

-ur

G.

-dais

-dais

-dais1

G.

-oris

-oris

-uris

V.

-da'e!

-da'ei!

-da'e!1

V.

-or'a!

-or'ei!

-ur'e!

D.

-da'ib

-da'ipx

-da'ip'1

D.

-orim'

-orim'

-urim'

L.

-da're

-da's

-da'ki1

L.

-orki'

-orqi'

orki'

I.

-da'm

-da'g

-da'g1

I.

-or'um

-or'ug

-ur'ug

C.

-da'ib

-da'ipx

-da'p1

C.

-orim'

-orin'

-urip'

A.

-da'e

-da'u

-da'u1

A.

-ori'

-orë'

-oru'

Il.

-da'ib'

-da'ip'

-da'ips1

Il.

-orip'

-oribs'

-orips'

AdjectivesEdit

Metsx adjectives can end either in -ides or in -is. It depends on their function in the statement. The comparatives and superlatives are declined according to the noun gender. The adjective gets the longer suffix if it describes a noun and the shorter suffix if it is placed after verbs like 'to be', 'to remain' or 'to become'.

GENDER POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
1st ides/is idesai/issai idena/issana
2nd ides/is idesx'/isx' idesxo'/isxo'
3rd ides/is idesxai'/isxai' idesxan'/isxan'

Geides linides hafayor særxëet æsveis (nei) opides adrides ærbeim'.

/ˈgʲɛi̯dɛs liˈnidɛs ɣaˈfajɔr sɔ̃r'ɕjɔjɛt ˈɔ̃svai̯s (nei̯) oˈpidɛs aˈdridɛs ˈɔ̃rbajmʲ /

This wild animal was popular in our big city.

Antonyms are created by adding either the suffix -bre or by putting the modal word 'mins' before the adjective. Compare:

æsveis vs. æsveisbre = mins æsveis

AdverbsEdit

Metsx adverbs always end in -ida and describe the verb placed after it.

ESUREMEIDES > ESUREME- > ESUREMEIDA

Example:

Êstrallookh va esuremeida bilarne didap'.

/ɛ̃ˈstraʎɔʔɔkʰ va ɛsurɛˈmʲɛi̯da biˈlarnɛ ˈdidʲap/

The Australian will surely teach you (two).

ADJECTIVE ADV - POSITIVE ADV - COMPARATIVE ADV- SUPERLATIVE
beis bida bidvar betfar'
leis lida lidvar letfar'
any other -ida -idvar -idfar'

Verbs and tensesEdit

Verbs in Metsx are declined according to the person, number and tense. Metsx verbs end in -e, -æ or -ê.

  • Present tense (Xim) - used to describe present or habitual actions.
  • Past tense (Tsxæ) - used to describe single actions ended in the past.
  • Past Continuous (Tsxæ bers) - used to emphasize the duration of an action in the past.
  • Past Iterative (Tsxæ mis)- used to emphasize that an action was habitual.
  • Plusquamperfectum (Tsxæ sxis)- used to describe actions that happened before another action in the past.
  • Future tense 1 (Akh) and Future Tense 2 (Uz) - used to describe future actions
  • Imperative (Mir)
  • Conditional (Tvar)
  • Dubitative (Dist)
  • Formal form (Sxem) - nowadays extinct
Verb endings (narrative, conditional and merave moes)

pers.

Xim

Tsxæ

Tsxæ b.

Tsxæ m.

Tsxæ s.

Akh

Uz

Mir

Tvar

Sxem

o

-

-x

-xëe

-xve

-un

-um

va

-

-

ë

-yo1

di

-s

-xs

-xëes

-xves

bi

si

‘-s

ës

oi

-t

-xt

-xëet

-xvet

bi

ejh

‘-t

ët

ane

odap’

-tap’

-taxp’

-xëetap’

-xvetap’

bidap’

sdap’

‘-dap’

ëtap’

didap’

-tasp’

-taxsp’

-xëetasp’

-xvetasp’

bidasp’

sdasp’

‘-dasp’

ëtasp’

oidap’

-tatp’

-taxtp’

-xëetatp’

-xvetatp’

bidatp’

sdatp’

‘-datp’

ëtatp’

anedap’

op

-p

-xp

-xëep

-xvep

bep

sep

‘-p

ëp

dip

-sp

-xsp

-xëesp

-xvesp

besp

sesp

‘-sp

ësp

oip

-tp

-xtp

-xëetp

-xvetp

bejhtp

sejhtp

‘-tp

ëtp

anep

PronounsEdit

SyntaxEdit

LexisEdit

'Ijhvaxes turidvar (ijhvaxur) bhu fæpes- lit. plant more (flowers) than you pick up

Example textEdit

Pretaki, desxijho sêmëb, troenokh u lininiarei, dormexëet, sxaoides mælls kescexëet eta-ho-ota oi. Ge esxida appatext sêmëb - squtsxrext oides adrides rullo mællsibbe' ho sxæbext ilt- manket oi.

Once when a lion, the king of the jungle, was asleep, a little mouse began running up and down on him. This soon awakened the lion, who placed his huge paw on the mouse, and opened his big jaws to swallow him.


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