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Middle Gastish

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General InformationEdit

Middel Gastisc(Modern English: Middle Gastish) is a later form of Old Gastish. The most notable difference is that it is the first true comprehensible relative... Of course, the change happened over time, but Middle Gastish is generally considered around the renaissance and is standardized.

AlphabetEdit

The alphabet is Latin. Runic forms eventually faded. It features a few more characters than the modern language.

A, Æ, P, B, C, J, T, D, Þ, Ð, E, F, V, K, G, Ȝ, H, I, L, M, N, O, Œ, R, S, Z, U, Ƕ, Ƿ

GrammarEdit

The language has three genders(masculine, neuter, and feminine). It also holds four fully inflected cases(Nominative, Accusative, Genitive, and Dative)

DeterminersEdit

Declension (Regular) Nominative Accusative Genitive Dative
Singular Common Masculine -en -es -em
Feminine -e -er
Neuter -es -em
Plural -e -er -en

ArticlesEdit

Definite (irregular) Nominative Accusative Genitive Dative
Singular Common Masculine ðe ðan ðas ðam
Feminine see ðar
Neuter ðat ðas ðam
Plural ðee ðar ðan

The definite features the Proto-Germanic t-stem forms in the masculine and feminine oblique cases that are not featured in Modern Gastish.

DemonstrativesEdit

Proximal (irregular) Nominative Accusative Genitive Dative
Singular Common Masculine ðes ðisen ðisses ðissum
Feminine ðees ðase ðiser ðisse
Neuter ðis ðisses ðissum
Plural ðase ðissa ðisen

Note that the proximal differs greatly from Modern Gastish's set..

Noun DeclensionEdit

Besides the irregulars, these are the standardized forms

Strong (S) Declension
Number Singular Plural

Case

Nominative -us
Accusative -us
Genitive -es -ar
Dative -e -um
Weak (N) Declension
Number Singular Plural

Case

Nominative -en
Accusative -en
Genitive -ena
Dative -um
Nonstandard cases Any class
Number Singular Plural

archaic and mock

Instrumental -ei -weiz
Locative a- a- -en
Vocative O- O- -en

E-ShiftEdit

E-shift is a process that occured during the transition from Old Gastish. Mark that it is not I-Mutation which historically occured much earlier. In this process, many original /i/ (ee) sounds became /aɪ/ (ei) sounds. "Ees", for example, became Eis, similar to the process in English and German.

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