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Mirbha

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SettingEdit

Mirbha is a fictional language spoken by the Humans in the Kingdom of Ra'mah, located in the Western Lands deep within the Azylia Desert.

PronunciationEdit

Pronunciation may be not a topic to get a headache, but also is not as simple as it should be.

ConsonantsEdit

  • B, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, R, S, T, V, W, Z are common.
  • C, X, Y only on foreign words.
  • B, D sound aspirated similar to its strong opposites P, T at the end of a word; in other cases are soft non-aspirated.
  • G has the same cases as in german.
  • H has two particular sounds: aspirated_soft only at the beginning/end of a word as english H; silent_paused as russian ь in the middle of a word.
  • F, K, P, T always aspirated, & aspirated_long at the end of a word.
  • J sounds at the end of a word as english SH; in other cases as in english.
  • L is rounded as in english when it intersects with letters: R, C, K, P. In other cases as in Spanish. Silent behind fricatives like C, S, SH, & Z.
  • M turns labiodental written before F & V. In other cases bilabial.
  • N after a vowel creates a nasal vowel sound; in other cases like german N.
  • R is always rounded as in spanish.
  • S, Z, V, W sound always as in English.

Digraphs & Special CharactersEdit

  • Kh is always as spanish J.
  • Š has the same sound as english Sh.
  • Ch has the same sound as english Ch.

BiliteralsEdit

  • Lc: letter L is silent, and C sounds as S.


Silent CombinationsEdit

  • -euren sound like german combination -üer-.

Syntax Edit

Mirbha uses a different word order than English.

Normal SentencesEdit

  • English: Subject Verb Object --> I learn Mirbha.
  • Mirbha: Subject Object Verb --> (Ana) Dušli vaškha.

Imperative SentencesEdit

  • English: Verb Place Adverb --> Come here now!
  • Mirbha: Verb Adverb Place --> Lakht ni kant!

Interrogative SentencesEdit

  • English: Adverb Aux.Verb Subject Verb --> Do you like to draw?
  • Mirbha: Subject Verb Object Verb Aux. Particle --> To mikharded mishod ast?

Negative SentencesEdit

1) Negating the noun with definite article.

  • English: Subject Verb Neg. Particle Object --> He has no sorrow.
  • Mirbha: Subject Neg. Particle Start Object Neg. Particle End Verb --> Het waal milva mitt kaazash.

1) Negating the noun without articles.

  • English: Subject Verb Neg. Particle Object --> Not many people come.
  • Mirbha: Subject Object Neg. Particle Verb --> Hatud min lakhant.

Basic Conversation Edit

Basic GrammarEdit

Words can differ in nouns, adjectives, adverbs, verbs, prepositions, & conjunctions.

Positive & Negative FormsEdit

Simply we use "da" for affirmative answers & "ne" for negative ones.

To negate a verb action depends if the verb is transitive or not, we use: zen for transitiv, & ze for intransitive.

Nouns Edit

In this language, the plurals are determined by strict rules depending if its an unanimated noun, or an animated noun (how to know if a noun is unanimated or animated? Easy, if it has life is animated, if not you know), & if its termination ends plosive or not which determines if its weak or strong.

CasesEdit

Now that we know the two types of nouns: animated & unanimated, nouns are also inflected by 6 cases: Nominative, Accusative, Dative, Genitive, Locative, & Comparative. But these 6 cases not only inflect nouns, but also inflect adjectives, pronouns, numbers, articles, & prepositions.


  • Nominative: Is one of the grammatical cases of a noun or other part of the speech, which generally marks the subject of a verb. (Generally is a noun or pronoun that is doing something.)
  • Accusative: Is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb. The same case is used in many languages for the objects of (some or all) prepositions. (It is a noun that is having something done to it, usually joined.)
  • Dative: Is a grammatical case generally used to indicate the noun to whom something is given. (For example, in "John gave Mary a book".)
  • Genitive: Is the case that marks a noun as modifying another noun. It often marks a noun as being the possessor of another noun but it can also indicate various relationships other than possession; certain verbs may take arguments in the genitive case; and it may have adverbial uses. Modern English does not typically mark nouns for a genitive case morphologically – rather, it uses the apostrophe ’s or a preposition (usually of) – but the personal pronouns do have distinct possessive forms. 'But here in Mirbha is the case' of a noun being possessor of another noun, it also excludes the english verb "to have".
  • Locative: Is a grammatical case which indicates a location. It corresponds vaguely to the English prepositions "in", "on", "at", and "by". The locative case belongs to the general local cases together with the lative and sepparative case. We use 6 locative cases: illative, inessive, elative, allative, adessive, & ablative.
  • Comparative: Is a grammatical case to mark a likeness to something. Excluding totally the verb "to like" used on comparisons.

GendersEdit

On Mirbha nouns only have two genders: masculine & femenine.

Masculine nouns tend to end in the nominative case in: consonants, vowel -i.

Femenine nouns tend to end in the nominative case in: vowels -ä.

Weak & Strong NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

{COMING AFTER THE TOPIC: NOUNS}

PronounsEdit

Personal PronounsEdit

Personal Pronouns are affected by Gender, Number, Case.

NOMINATIVE

SINGULAR

MASCULINE

FEMENINE

UNANIMATED

FORMAL

FIRST

ana

ana

----------------------------

SECOND

to

ata

----------------------------

THIRD

hun

hiya

hun

NOMINATIVE

PLURAL

MASCULINE

FEMENINE

UNANIMATED

FORMAL

FIRST

šma šma ----------------------------

SECOND

antim

antuma

----------------------------

THIRD

kum kula kum

Numbers Edit

{COMING AFTER FINNISHING THE TOPIC: NOUNS}

Basic Vocabulary Edit

AL HADIM KIDAKH – DAYS OF THE WEEK

MIRBHA TRANSLATION
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday


AL ZOHAV – COLOURS

MIRBHA TRANSLATION
Red
Blue
Yellow
Green
Purple
Orange
Gray
Brown
Black
White

DictionaryEdit

Link to the Dictionary:

http://conlang.wikia.com/wiki/Mirbha_Dictionary

Example textEdit

...

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