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Modern Sajan

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SAJAN
Sajan
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Sajan is one of the currently spoken languages of the world of Rauxor, and comes from the Dizziran branch of the Dalwaric Language group. Spoken by the people of the southern desert, the language that they speak today now more closly resembles the languages of Diniric and those of the Borgothi than it does it's own ancestor tounge. 

The history of the Sajan language spans a period of roughly 2000 years, beginning back before the fall of the firstborn. Originally, the peoples of the Anu'sajir were nomadic tribesmen, traveling in large clans, each of which had their own dialect, and their own cultural and religeous practices. Around the year 200 by the Thravic count (year 4,500 by Dalwaric count) a select few of these nomadic tribes began to interact, rather than just fight over land, water, and feeding grounds.  This trade language evolved slowly, a blend of the tribes' individual dialects, and soon became the language that this confederation of tribes spoke. They later named this language "Sand Speak", or Dizzir'izh. 

The slaves of the Dizzir were often contained in multi-racial pens, and in time, these races came to intermingle, each city state with it's own mix of cultures, slaves, and languages. This mix led to the creation of a slave language, among the Dizzir. The Dizzir investigated this language briefly, but thought nothing of it. The slaves then overthrew the Dizzir in 612 T.C., beheading the King of the Dizzir. 

The slave-states, and the Dizzir called them, banded together, forming a new nation and standardising "the slave-tongue" to communicate more efficiently, as the language had differences from city-state to city-state. They also chose the diniric term "Sajan" as a name for their people and their language, it meaning "Of the sands". 

Over the next decade or so Sajan changed further as the slaves began interacting more and more as the new masters of the city. Their elvish and borgothi heritage made them large and fair, and they began to refer to themselves as the "strong race", and avoided contact with the truly human Dizzir, their tipped ears setting them apart. This said, Sajan adopted many similarities from the "Master's Tongue" at this point, though it could never be called Dizziran. 

The language still posesses many elements of the slave language, and has many terms from slave life among the Dizzir that related to tasks that were often required of the slaves, and were descriptive of their days. It also borrows some of it's crass nature from it's borgothic roots. It is spoken all throughout the southern desert, and the southern elves and the various tribes of the Borgothi speak the language as a common tongue for trade. The occasional thravic merchants will also pick up some sajan, and drop some of their own tongue. 

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal
Plosive
Fricative
Affricate
Approximant
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

The consonants of the Sajan can be loosely grouped according to the letters of the Thravic script. (which has many paralels to the Latin script of earth, but also many discrepancies) These groups are as follows: the soft consonants, the Hard consonants, and the blends. These could also be defined as "voiced", "Unvoiced" and blended. This is less accurate, as the Sajan set G and K together, and F and V.  Y is also not considered a Vowel at any time. They use either the I equivilant or the E and the "modifyer" character.  Soft consonants include :

ZH  Z  M  B   D  Th (soft, as in  "then". )  L F V H (when voiced. almost a "Huh" sound) Y (yellow) R (as in "are") J W


Hard consonants include:

Sh  S  T  Th (as in "thin")  K  G  H (as in Help)  P CH (cheese)


Blends

N    NG  Kh (gutteral K, pronounced in the back of the throat. Anytime an H follows a hard consonant or a vowel, it is in it's gutteral form)   H gutteral  Wh  TD  (cross, not quite either)  PB  Hard R, (as in Rats)  tZ (a hard Z. used in the word "Khad-Tzir".) tS (equivilant to diniric SS ).  RR (rolled R) is also considered a blended sound.

They do not have characters for all sounds.

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open

The Sajan have many of our standard vowel sounds. They organize these as well, along the patterns of wether a vowel is more voiced or not. They group those they think of as less voiced as "thin". They also group similar sounds. 

Thin sounds

A (at) I (it)  Uh (cut. however, this vowel is said very quickly) Eh (set)  


"Thick" sounds

Ah (saw, aha) Oh (snow)  Ey (also considered a blend of A (at) and Eh.) U (true)  O (shua, sometimes represented with "ah") 

AlphabetEdit

  The Sajan make use of a modified Thravic script. It is extremely similar to the characters used in the north, and the Sajan also operate on a Base 10 system like their northern equivilants.

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


VocabularyEdit


No. English
1IContionary_Wiki
2you (singular)Contionary_Wiki
3heContionary_Wiki
4weContionary_Wiki
5you (plural)Contionary_Wiki
6theyContionary_Wiki
7thisContionary_Wiki
8thatContionary_Wiki
9hereContionary_Wiki
10thereContionary_Wiki
11whoContionary_Wiki
12whatContionary_Wiki
13whereContionary_Wiki
14whenContionary_Wiki
15howContionary_Wiki
16notContionary_Wiki
17allContionary_Wiki
18manyContionary_Wiki
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewContionary_Wiki
21otherContionary_Wiki
22oneContionary_Wiki
23twoContionary_Wiki
24threeContionary_Wiki
25fourContionary_Wiki
26fiveContionary_Wiki
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
41husbandContionary_Wiki
42motherContionary_Wiki
43fatherContionary_Wiki
44animalContionary_Wiki
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogContionary_Wiki
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki


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