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Conlang

Modern Sajan

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SAJAN
Sajan
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Sajan is one of the currently spoken languages of the world of Rauxor, and comes from the Dizziran branch of the Dalwaric Language group. Spoken by the people of the southern desert, the language that they speak today now more closly resembles the languages of Diniric and those of the Borgothi than it does it's own ancestor tounge. 

The history of the Sajan language spans a period of roughly 2000 years, beginning back before the fall of the firstborn. Originally, the peoples of the Anu'sajir were nomadic tribesmen, traveling in large clans, each of which had their own dialect, and their own cultural and religeous practices. Around the year 200 by the Thravic count (year 4,500 by Dalwaric count) a select few of these nomadic tribes began to interact, rather than just fight over land, water, and feeding grounds.  This trade language evolved slowly, a blend of the tribes' individual dialects, and soon became the language that this confederation of tribes spoke. They later named this language "Sand Speak", or Dizzir'izh. 

The slaves of the Dizzir were often contained in multi-racial pens, and in time, these races came to intermingle, each city state with it's own mix of cultures, slaves, and languages. This mix led to the creation of a slave language, among the Dizzir. The Dizzir investigated this language briefly, but thought nothing of it. The slaves then overthrew the Dizzir in 612 T.C., beheading the King of the Dizzir. 

The slave-states, and the Dizzir called them, banded together, forming a new nation and standardising "the slave-tongue" to communicate more efficiently, as the language had differences from city-state to city-state. They also chose the diniric term "Sajan" as a name for their people and their language, it meaning "Of the sands". 

Over the next decade or so Sajan changed further as the slaves began interacting more and more as the new masters of the city. Their elvish and borgothi heritage made them large and fair, and they began to refer to themselves as the "strong race", and avoided contact with the truly human Dizzir, their tipped ears setting them apart. This said, Sajan adopted many similarities from the "Master's Tongue" at this point, though it could never be called Dizziran. 

The language still posesses many elements of the slave language, and has many terms from slave life among the Dizzir that related to tasks that were often required of the slaves, and were descriptive of their days. It also borrows some of it's crass nature from it's borgothic roots. It is spoken all throughout the southern desert, and the southern elves and the various tribes of the Borgothi speak the language as a common tongue for trade. The occasional thravic merchants will also pick up some sajan, and drop some of their own tongue. 

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal
Plosive
Fricative
Affricate
Approximant
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

The consonants of the Sajan can be loosely grouped according to the letters of the Thravic script. (which has many paralels to the Latin script of earth, but also many discrepancies) These groups are as follows: the soft consonants, the Hard consonants, and the blends. These could also be defined as "voiced", "Unvoiced" and blended. This is less accurate, as the Sajan set G and K together, and F and V.  Y is also not considered a Vowel at any time. They use either the I equivilant or the E and the "modifyer" character.  Soft consonants include :

ZH  Z  M  B   D  Th (soft, as in  "then". )  L F V H (when voiced. almost a "Huh" sound) Y (yellow) R (as in "are") J W


Hard consonants include:

Sh  S  T  Th (as in "thin")  K  G  H (as in Help)  P CH (cheese)


Blends

N    NG  Kh (gutteral K, pronounced in the back of the throat. Anytime an H follows a hard consonant or a vowel, it is in it's gutteral form)   H gutteral  Wh  TD  (cross, not quite either)  PB  Hard R, (as in Rats)  tZ (a hard Z. used in the word "Khad-Tzir".) tS (equivilant to diniric SS ).  RR (rolled R) is also considered a blended sound.

They do not have characters for all sounds.

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open

The Sajan have many of our standard vowel sounds. They organize these as well, along the patterns of wether a vowel is more voiced or not. They group those they think of as less voiced as "thin". They also group similar sounds. 

Thin sounds

A (at) I (it)  Uh (cut. however, this vowel is said very quickly) Eh (set)  


"Thick" sounds

Ah (saw, aha) Oh (snow)  Ey (also considered a blend of A (at) and Eh.) U (true)  O (shua, sometimes represented with "ah") 

AlphabetEdit

  The Sajan make use of a modified Thravic script. It is extremely similar to the characters used in the north, and the Sajan also operate on a Base 10 system like their northern equivilants.

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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