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new endärs
nisärböl škhövý
Type inflective
Alignment left
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations No
Genders 3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 4%
Statistics
Nouns 3%
Verbs 2%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 11%
Words 500 of 10000
Creator vjedvikh


Classification and DialectsEdit

the endars language is part of the imfimic family of languages on the planet of neterra. It is divided into multiple dialects, around 4 of them, they are the standard endars, aoansk, alsan, and vinan dialects.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar alveolo-palatal Palatal labio-velar Velar Pharyngeal Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p b bʲ bʰ t tʷ tʰ d dʰ c ɟ k kʷ kʰ
Fricative f fʲ v vʷ vʲ θ ð~dð s sʷ z zʷ ʃ ʃʷ ʒ ɕ ʑ ç x~ɣ ħ h
Affricate pf~bv ts~dz tʃ tʃʷ dʒ dʒʷ
Approximant r j ʍ w
Lateral app. l

many consonants do have allophones of which are voiced, such as /pf/ having the voiced allophone /bv/

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High i y ɨ ʲu u
Near-high ɪ ʏ ʊ
High-mid e ʲo o
Mid ə
Low-mid ʲɛ ɛ ʌ
Near-low æ
Low ʲɑ ɑ ɒ

There are also 5 diphthongs in endars, those diphthongs are /ɑʊ/, /ɑi/, /oi/, /ow/, and /ij/

PhonotacticsEdit

the Phonotactics are quite simple actually, here are the rules:

  1. /ħ/ must either begin a word, or be after any back vowel that is not iotated, it can be followed by all those vowels as well.
  2. consonant clusters of up to 4 consonants are allowed, making the structure of a syllable be (CCCC)V(CCCC
  3. /r/ /v/ /l/ and /n/ can be syllabic and can be in the nucleus of a syllable
  4. ŋ must not be in the onset of the word, unless there is some sort of prefix
  5. the allophones can appear randomly at any moment, but mainly if that sound is preceded by a back vowel at the end of a word
  6. an iotated vowel can be formed by a palatalized consonant, or a palatal consonant
  7. an iotated vowel at any place of a word can make any sound palatalized.
  8. a palatal consonant cannot end a word
  9. /x/ /ħ/ or any affricate cannot cluster

Writing SystemEdit

Letter ä â æ b c č ĉ ç d ð e é
Sound ɑ ʲɑ æ b c ɟ ç d ð ɛ e
Letter je ë f g h ĥ
Sound ʲɛ ə f g h ħ
Letter
Sound

an aspirated consonant (Cʰ) is written with an /h/ after it, such as kʰ (kh)

a labialized consonant (Cʷ) is written with a /w/ after it, such as vʷ (vw)

a palatalized consonant (Cʲ) is written with a /j/ after it, such as vʲ (vj) UNLESS if the vowel after it can be iotated, if so, that vowel is in the writing system chart above, you write the consonant, then the iotated vowel. here is an example: /vʲo/ is written as /vô/ not /vjo/

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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