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Mucáfa

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Name: Mucáfa

Type: language isolate

Alignment:

Head Direction:

Number of genders: 3

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes No No No No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No Yes No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


SettingEdit

Mucáfa is spoken by the abandoned humans on the barely hospitable Earth in the 26th century, after being left behind by the richer population, which now lives in space. After three centuries of isolation, the language has evolved into one that barely resembles any other language that has ever existed. About 58% of the world's population speaks Mucáfa, while an isolated 30% speak a changing form of Chinese and another 11% speak post-Diaspora colloquial English. 1% of peoples still suggested to exist and speak forms Spanish and Arabic have not been discovered yet.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasals m n ɲ ŋ
Plosives p b t d c ɟ k g
Affricates ts
Fricatives f s ɕ x
Trills ʙ̥ ʙ r
Approximants ʋ l

ɹ

j w

VowelsEdit

Front/mid back
Close i, ɪ ɨ˞ u
Mid e ɚ o
Open a ɑ

the alphabet is a modified Latin alphabet; previously Mucáfa had a complex character system that has been forgotten for hundreds of years.

IPA value alphabet symbol IPA value alphabet symbol
/a/ a /o/ o
/ɑ/ å /p/ p
/a˞/ à /ʙ̥/ pp
/b/ b /tɕ/ q
/ʙ/ bb /s/ s
/c/ c /t/ t
/d/ d /r̥ / tt
/r/ dd /u/ u
/e/ e /ʋ/ v
/ɚ/ è /w/ w
/f/ f /ɕ/ x
/g/ g /j/, /ɪ/ y
/x/ h /ts/ z
/i/ i
/ɨ˞/ ì
/ɟ/ j
/k/ k
/l/ l
/m/ m
/n/ n
/ɲ/

ň

/ŋ/ ń /ɹ/ r

An acute accent over a vowel means that it is accented. A circumflex accent is used for the R-colored vowels. Otherwise the stress is on the first syllable. Stress remains on the same syllable no matter how a word is declined.

PhonotacticsEdit

Word structure is (C)(C)V(C), with all voiceless fricative-plosives, e.g. /st/ or /fk/ or fricative-nasal, e.g. /sn/ or /xm/ sequences, excluding combinations of palatals and non-palatals (e.g. /ɕp/ is not valid) acceptable for the first two consonants. A syllable may not end in a palatal consonant, an approximant other than /ɹ/, or a voiceless trill. If the vowel is rhotic, then the structure is (C)(C)V. Only back vowels and /a/ may be followed with the alveolar approximant /r/; if a situation arises in which /e/, /i/, or /ɪ/ is inflected into a position before <r>, the spelling shall remain the same, but the vowel shall be r-colored.

Basic GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Each noun is assigned one of 4 genders: Living (such as "plant": Laqa), Sapient (such as "human": Arvyn), Inanimate (such as "corpse": Veye), and Imaginary (such as "magic": Kesly). Each gender has its own vowel combination for the last two syllables. This distinction is lost in the genitive and locative cases.

Mucáfa nouns decline according to case and number. There are 4 cases in Mucáfa: Nominative, Accusative, Dative, Genitive, Locative. All Mucáfa nouns have at least two syllables, which plays a crucial role in its case declension. The last two vowels of the word, which are determined by the 4 genders, are declined. Here are the following possibilities, with the genders shown in the first column:

Nom. Accus. Dat. Gen. Loc.
Laqa (living , -a-a) Laqå (-a-å) Leqa (-e-a) Låqoy (-a-oy) Layqa (-ay-a)
Arvyn (sapient, -a-y) Arvun (-a-u) Ervyn (-e-y) Arvoyn(-a-oy) Arhvyn (-ay-y)
Veye (inanimate, -e-e) Veyo (-e-o) Viye (-i-e) Veyoy (-e-oy) Vayye (-ay-e)
Kesly (imaginary, -e-y) Keslu (-e-u) Kisly (-i-y) Kesloy (-e-oy) Kaysly (-ay-y)

Singular nouns that end in consonants are made plural by adding <-a> to the end. Singular nouns that end in vowels are made plural by adding <-qi>. The plural endings are unaffected by case declension.

AdjectivesEdit

Almost all adjectives have at least two syllables, just like nouns. They may be placed before or after the nouns they describe; placing adjectives after emphasizes the adjective, placing adjectives before emphasizes the noun. The last two vowels of an adjective match the last two vowels of the noun it describes for singular nouns; for plural nouns, the plural ending is ignored. The only exceptions are the following unchanging adjectives; these do not decline, and must come before the noun:

Mucáfa hony vily maly posy
English Many/Much Big Little First Last

DictionaryEdit


No. English
1ISa
2you (singular)ya
3heda
4wesala
5you (plural)yala
6theydala
7thisto
8thatco
9hereta
10thereca
11whoqono
12whatzo
13whereqone
14whenqonu
15howkozo
16notdyz
17alltaja
18many
19some
20few
21other
22oneosi
23twocyha
24threeomo
25fourkusa
26fivebantye
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36womancahy
37man (adult male)lasy
38man (human being)arvyn
39childqaha
40wifeocamy
41husbandocamy
42motherbaslyz
43fatherbaslyz
44animalbwana
45fishozaha
46birdgavya
47dogpyazla
48louse
49snakenonexistant
50wormnonexistant
51treetarama
52forestlotarama
53stickditareme
54fruitmytarama
55seedcymytarama
56leafmyditareme
57rootbahotareme
58barkentareme
59flowerfloaha
60grasskantaya
61ropelomeye
62skineskayy
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name

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