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Mvöihłòxt

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Mvöihłòxt
Type Fusional~Agglutinative
Alignment Active-Stative
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words  ? of 1500
Creator Eçeþesi

This is very much so a work in progress, so bear with me... >.>

Mvöihłòxt, [ɤi̭ʟ̊ɔχt̠], anglicized Vailoqt

General informationEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial

Labio-dental Bidental Interdental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m̊ m n̟̊ n̟ n̠̊ n̠ ɲ̊ ɲ ŋ̊ ŋ
Plosive pʰ b t̟ʰ d̟ t̠ʰ d̠ cʰ ɟ kʰ g ʔ
Fricative f v h̪͆ s z ʃ ʒ ç ʝ x ɣ
Approximant ȷ̊ j ʍ̈ ẅ h
Flap or tap ɾ
Trill
Lateral fric. ɬ̟ ɮ̟
Lateral app. l̟̊ l̟ ʎ̊ ʎ ʟ̊ ʟ
Click !

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
High i ʉ
High-mid e ø ɤ o
Mid ə
Low-mid ɛ ɔ
Low ä
  • in some dialects, vowels may become allophonically nasal when preceded by a nasal(ized) consonant or /!/; in these dialects, /a/ becomes [æ̃] when nasal
  • /i/ and /ʉ/ become backed to [ɨ] and [u] when adjacent to a velar or uvular consonant

Mvöihłòxt utilizes numerous diphthongs. Following is a chart of possible diphthongs, with initial components on the first column and secondary components on the first row; headers are in IPA and cells are in orthography.

i e ø ɛ ä ʉ ɤ o ɔ
i iu
e ea eu eo
ø øi øu øo
ɛ èi èu èö èò
ä ai ae au ao
ə äi äe äu
ʉ ui
ɤ öi öe öø öu öò
o oe
ɔ òi òè òa

AlphabetEdit

M m /m/ G g /g/
HM hm /m̊/ X x /x/
P p /pʰ/ Q q /ɣ/
B b /b/ L l /l̟/
F f /f/ HL hl /l̟̊/
V v /v/ Λ λ /ʎ/
Ń ń /n̟/ HΛ hλ /ʎ̊/
HŃ hń /n̟̊/ Ł ł /ʟ/
Ŧ ŧ /t̟ʰ/ HŁ hł /ʟ̊/
Đ đ /d̟/ R r /ɾ/
Θ θ /ɬ̟/ HR hr /r̊/
Ʒ ʒ /ɮ̟/ H h, Ḣ ḣ /h/
S s /s/ ' /ʔ/
Z z /z/ Ħ ħ /h̪͆/
N n /n̠/ ! /!/
HN hn /n̠̊/ Y y /j/
T t /t̠ʰ/ HY hy /ȷ̊/
D d /d̠/ W w /ẅ/
Ś ś /ʃ/ HW hw /ʍ̈/
Ź ź /ʒ/ A a /ä/
Ñ ñ /ɲ/ Ä ä /ə/
HÑ hñ /ɲ̊/ E e /e/
C c /cʰ/ È è /ɛ/
J j /ɟ/ I i /i/
Ç ç /ç/ O o /o/
Ĵ ĵ /ʝ/ Ö ö /ɤ/
Ŋ ŋ /ŋ/ Ò ò /ɔ/
HŊ hŋ /ŋ̊/ Ø ø /ø/
K k /kʰ/ U u /ʉ/
  • <Ḣ ḣ> may be used to distinguish the consonant /h/ from a component of a digraph if clarification is necessary.

PhonotacticsEdit

Syllables in Mvöihłòxt are of the form (C)(C)C(Y)V(C)(C), where C is a consonant, Y is a glide, and V is a vowel or diphthong. /!/ may not occur in the coda. Initial consonant clusters can be in the form of OO, NO, SO, OL, OS, OOL, OOS, SOL, SN, NL, or SNL, where O is an obstruent, N is a nasal, L is a liquid, and S is a sibilant. Codal clusters may be in the form OO, SO, OS, LO, LS, NS, or NO. /h/, /h̪͆/ and /!/ may not form clusters.

Allophony and SandhiEdit

All consonants in a cluster must be either voiced or unvoiced (agreeing with the voicing of the first consonant of the second morpheme). When an NO cluster begins a word, it becomes reduced to either a mere nasal stop if the obstruent is a voiced plosive, or a nasalized fricative if the obstruent was a voiced fricative; otherwise the nasal is elided. When postalveolars are followed by front vowels, they become palatal, and when palatals are followed by back vowels, they become postalveolars. Voiceless plosives become fricatives intervocalically, though not if the following vowel is open. Interdental plosives become linguolabial before rounded vowels, and glottal stops following plosives form ejectives. An /h/ following a plosive affricatizes that consonant, and also devoices voiced consonants, but is then elided. In a series of two voiced plosives, the first plosive becomes a nasal. Velar fricatives become uvular when adjacent to back vowels, and voiceless plosives become deaspirated when not followed by a vowel.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No Yes No Yes No Yes
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


NounsEdit

Nouns decline for five cases: ergative (also called active or agentive), absolutive (also called passive or patientive), dative, genitive, and prepositional; and three numbers: singular, dual, and plural.

VerbsEdit

Verbs conjugate for four tenses: present, past, future, and general; for two aspects: perfective and imperfective; nine moods: indicative, conditional, subjunctive, desiderative, necessitative, hypothetical, imperative, jussive, and interrogative (the latter three do not have independent markers but are marked by rearranging other markers); and agree with their subject's and object's person, gender, and number.

PronounsEdit

Mvöihłòxt pronouns come in four persons: first, second, third, and fourth; three numbers: singular, dual, and plural; and 5 cases: active, passive, dative, genitive, and prepositional. Pronouns in the first and second persons do not have active or passive cases, and pronouns in the first person as well as dual and plural pronouns do not distinguish gender. Dual and plural first person pronouns do not distinguish clusivity, but there is a three-tiered T-V distinction in the second person singular.

AdjunctsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English Vailoqt
1IContionary_Wiki
2you (singular)Contionary_Wiki
3heContionary_Wiki
4weContionary_Wiki
5you (plural)Contionary_Wiki
6theyContionary_Wiki
7thisContionary_Wiki
8thatContionary_Wiki
9hereContionary_Wiki
10thereContionary_Wiki
11whoContionary_Wiki
12whatContionary_Wiki
13whereContionary_Wiki
14whenContionary_Wiki
15howContionary_Wiki
16notContionary_Wiki
17allContionary_Wiki
18manyContionary_Wiki
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewContionary_Wiki
21otherContionary_Wiki
22oneContionary_Wiki
23twoContionary_Wiki
24threeContionary_Wiki
25fourContionary_Wiki
26fiveContionary_Wiki
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
41husbandContionary_Wiki
42motherContionary_Wiki
43fatherContionary_Wiki
44animalContionary_Wiki
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogContionary_Wiki
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki


Example textEdit

  • Ènbraθisxäeŧ Mvöihłòxcèź.
    • "I [male] speak Vailoqt." IPA: [ɛn̠bɾaɬ̟isxəḙt̟ ṽɤi̭ʟ̊ɔχcʰɛʒ]

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