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Name: Myncky

Type: Interlanguage

Alignment:

Head Direction:

Number of genders:

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: No

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


SettingEdit

Myncky is designed to be a world interlanguage, easy to learn by people from all backgrounds. Myncky is designed to be easy, predictable, and has mostly a priori vocabulary, but borrows some from many different languages.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal /m/ /n/
Stop /p/ /b/ /t/ /d/ /k/ /g/
Fric./Aff. /f/ /v/ /s/ /z/ /tʃ/ /x/
Glide /l/ /j/ /w/



Consonants are written identically to the IPA symbols except that /tʃ/ is written <c> and /x/ is written /h/.

VowelsEdit

Front Mid Back
Close /i/ /ɨ/ or /ı/ /u/
Mid /e/ /o/
Open /a/

Vowels are written like in IPA except for /ɨ/, which is written <y>.Edit

Therefore, the 23-letter alphabet for Myncky is ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPSTUVWYZ / abcdefghijklmnopstuvwyz.

PhonotacticsEdit

There are no dipthongs; all vowels are pure. A maximal syllable is CCVCC. The first two consonants must be a stop-glide, a fricative-stop, a fricative-nasal, or a fricative-glide sequence. The last two consonants must be a nasal-fricative, a fricative-stop, or a stop-fricative sequence. Words do not end in voiced stops or fricatives, although syllables may do so. In no case can a word end in a glide.

Stress is marked with an apostrophe in cases when the stress is not on the first syllable. The apostrophe comes directly after the vowel letter.

Basic GrammarEdit

Simple sentences have similar SVO structure as in English.

NounsEdit

Nouns only decline for number. For a noun that ends in a vowel, <h> is added to the end, unless the vowel is , in which case <c> is added. For a noun that ends in a consonant, the plural suffix is <a>, unless the word ends in <c>, in which case is added. An apostrophe is then added to the end of the word to indicate that the word is not in original form.

PrepositionsEdit

To use nouns with prepositions, the preposition comes before the noun, and are joined by a hyphen. Now the two words act as one unit and must be moved around in a sentence together. Example showing possession:

English Myncky
Kevin Kevyn
Life Spatuka (plural spatuk: blood)
Life of Kevin Spatuk ci-Kevyn
Kevin's life Ci-Kevyn spatuka

This is somewhat similar to the case systems of other languages: think of the prepositions as cases if you are accustomed to a case language. In the example above, "ci-Kevyn" could be considered the genitive case of "Kevyn", using a prepositional prefix. However, it is also okay to consider the two as independent, only needing to remember that they move around together. Nouns without prepositions must stay in its assigned place in a sentence as the subject or the object.

English Myncky
I give life. Cja doja spatuka.
I give my life Cja doja ci-cja spatuka.
I give my life to you Cja doja ci-cja spatuka la-vy.
To you I give my life La-vy cja doja ci-cja spatuka.

The following are important prepositions:

English Myncky Equivalent case
Of Ci- Genitive
To La- Dative
For Pah- Dative
From Cju- Ablative
In / On En- Locative
Around O- Locative
By / Using Jy- Instrumental

Prepositions can also be used with verbs in the same manner, which assumes the verb is infinitive (verbs don't change). Prepositions cannot stand on their own.

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives are not inflected at all, they do not change.

Adjectives may come before or after a noun. If the noun is attached to a preposition, the adjective must come after the noun. Again, hyphens are used to connect the noun and the adjective. Example:

English Myncky
Miami Miami
Warm Miami Hucly-Miami
Warm Miami Miami-hucly
In warm Miami En-Miami-hucly

To use superlative forms, adverbs "more", bohau, and "most" bolau, are used before the adjective. Again, they are connected using a hyphen. So, "Warmest Miami" would be bolau-hucly-Miami, or Miami-bolau-hucly. Remember in pronunciation, the vowels are pure- <au> is not a diphthong!

Numbers are generally considered adjectives in Myncky. Here they are:

0 nis
1 ic
2 ask
3 sax
4 sja
5 kon
6 lo
7 kje
8 on
9 zox
10 dja
100 ba
1000 sjen
10000 wan

If you know Chinese, larger numbers are formed in a very similar way. To say 20, for example, you say 2-10, or ask-dja. To say 24, you say 2-10-4. 256 would be 2-100-5-10-6. Numbers after 99,999 are formed by saying how many 10,000s there are, for example a hundred thousand would be ten ten-thousands, therefore you say 10-10000.

<i>DictionaryEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name
</i>

Example textEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name
</i>

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