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Nativian

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Nativian Language
ΝατίϝῐαΛῑνγῠα
Type Flexional-Agglutinative
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Final
Tonal Yes
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 4
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 59%
Statistics
Nouns 75%
Verbs 60%
Adjectives 77%
Syntax 33%
Words 250 of 800
Creator Flos57
Nativograms example





PhonologyEdit

Consonants Edit

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Palatal Labio-palatal Velar Labio-velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p      b t      d k      g q
Fricative f      v s      z h
Trill r
Approximant l j ɥ w

Vowels Edit

Front Back
Close i y u
Close-mid e o
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open a

Tones Edit

Name First syllabe Otherwise Notation in exposant
Neuter ˧ ˧
High ˥ ˧˥ 1
Low ˩ ˧˩ 2
Elevation ˩˥ ˧˩˥ 3
Lowering ˥˩ ˧˥˩ 4

Writing System Edit

Nativian writing system is splitted in two modes :

  • Phonographic - Uses 30 phonograms and is used to hand-writing, formal letters, poetry, official documents, and importants headlines
  • Ideographic - Uses a large table of characters and is used in articles, newsletters, advertising, technicals books, trading, science,  displays of computers, etc... We use phonograms for words that have no ideogram, like surnames, names of cities, countries... Ideograms are intended to be quickly read and unwritten.

Phonograms Edit

Letter Traditionnal Name Romanised Name IPA Pronunciation
Α α Άλϕα Alpha a
Β β Βητα Bêta b
Γ γ Γάμα Gamma g
Δ δ Δέλτα Delta d
Ε ε Ὲ ψίλο Epsilo e
Ϝ ϝ Ϝέγα Vega v
Ζ ζ Ζήτα Zêta z
Η η Ητα Êta ε
Θ θ Θητα Thêta
Ι ι Ῐωτα Iota i / j
К ϰ Кάπα Kappa k
Λ λ Λάμδα Lamda l
Μ μ Μɥμω Mummo m
Ν ν Νανο Nanno n
Ξ ξ Ξιμα Ksima ks
Ο ο Ὸ μίϰρο Omicro ɔ
Π π Πιγμα Pigma p
Ϻ ϻ Ϻανμα Shanma sʰ
Ϙ ҁ Ϙωπα Qoppa q
Ρ ρ Ρογμα Rhogma r
Σ ς Σιγμα Sigma s
Τ τ Ταωτα Taota t
ϒ ɥ `ϒ ψιλο Upsilo y / ɥ
Ѵ υ Ѵιςτα Wista u / w
Φ ϕ Φιλα Phila f
Χ χ Χιπα Khippa
Ψ ψ Ψιχα Psikha ps
Ͱ ͱ Ͱωρῐα Horia χ
Ͳ ϡ Ͳαμπα Tsampa ts
Ω ω Ὼ μέγα Ohmega o
Diacritic Name Graphic Effect
Acute accent

◌́

indicates high vowel

Grave accent

◌̀

indicates low vowel

Circumflex accent ◌̂

indicates a lowering of the voice

Antiflex accent ◌̌

indicates an elevation of the voice

Caron ◌̆

indicates a short vowel or a semivowel

Macron ◌̄

indicates a long vowel

Diacrtitics are placed on vowels and change their quantity.  As in Chinese, they can distinguish between allophones words, such as Μάρ [Ma¹r]  "the sea", and Μαρ [Mar] literally "feminine pronoun of the first person causative"

Grammar Edit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers No Yes No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No Yes Yes No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


MoodsEdit

  • Objective - present real events with certainly. It is comparable to the indicative
  • Subjective - reflects a view of the mind. Equivalent to the subjunctive, the imperative, or the conditionnal

Tenses Edit

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future
  • Aorist - equivalent to the "zero time" or omnitemporal present

Genders Edit

  • Natural (n.) - gender of inanimates like objects or concepts
  • Masculine (m.) - gender of male animals
  • Feminine (f.) - gender of female animals
  • Neuter (ns.)- gender of sexed animals is not known sex at first, like a dog that we see in the street. Also used for groups with masculine and femnine mixed genders, like a group of persons.

Numbers Edit

  • Quantial - indicates the exact number of entities, usually small. Available in quantial I, II, III, IV, etc. Quantial I is comparable to the singular.
  • Dual - indicates exactly two entities bound by the notion of pair or couple
  • Partial - indicates an uncountable part of a whole
  • Plural - indicates any number of entities, assuming there a lot
  • General - shows all the existing entities

CasesEdit

  • Nominative (N.) : the subject of the verb
  • Accusative (A.) : the direct object of the verb
  • Genitive (G.) : the origin of the object
  • Dative (D.) : the indirect object of the verb
  • Comitative (K.) : who or what is helping to realise the action
  • Benefactive (B.) : who benefits from the action
  • Causative (C.) : why the action is
  • Instructive (I.) : how the action
  • Locative (L.) : where the action is
  • Temporative (T.) : when the action is

Word ClassesEdit

NounsEdit

Nouns are classed by genders possibilities :

  • Changing or Common nouns (c.n.) : they are in the form of a root which requires flexion about its gender : ε[e] for masculine, α[a] for feminine, and αε[ae] for neuter. Animals and sexed animated in general
Noun root Gender Case Number

Χάν- [kʰa¹n-] : "dog" :

Χάτ- [kʰa¹t-] : "domestic cat

Φελ- [fel-] : "wild cat"

Σὸρ- [sɔ²r-] : "mouse"

Λυπ- [lup-] : "wolf"

Βοῠ- [bɔw-] : "cow"

Εҁῠ- [eqw-] : "horse"

Πορϰ- [pɔrk-] : "pig"

Αῠ- [aw-] : "bird"

ε [e] : masculine

α [a] : feminine

αε [ae] : neuter

ø : nominative

μ [m] : accusative

ς [s] : genitive

ν [n] : dative

ϰὸμ [kɔ²m] : comitative

πὴρ [pε²r] : benefactive

ρ [r] : causative

ὰλ [a²l] : instructive

λ [l] : locative

τ [t] : temporative

ø : quantial

βις [bis] : dual

βα [ba] : partial

ὶς [i²s] : plural

ῑ [i:] : general

  • Fixed nouns, which can not change their gender
    • Natural nouns (nl.n.) : inanimates objects and concepts. Many of theses names are also used as verbal roots.
    • Masculines nouns (m.n.) : male family members
    • Feminine nouns (f.n.) : female family members
Noun root Case Number

Vowel ended :

Μάνυ [ma¹nu] "hand"

Αҁῠα [aqwa] "water"

Δῐα [dja] "day"

Кὺλπα [ku²lpa] "fault"

Ϝῐα [vja] "way"

ø : nominative

μ [m] : accusative

ς [s] : genitive

ν [n] : dative

ϰὸμ [kɔ²m] : comitative

πὴρ [pε²r] : benefactive

ρ [r] : causative

ὰλ [a²l] : instructive

λ [l] : locative

τ [t] : temporative

ø : quantial

βις [bis] : dual

βα [ba] : partial

ὶς [i²s] : plural

ῑ [i:] : general

Consonnant ended :

Δōμ [dɔ:m] : "house"

Νόμ [nɔm] : "name"

Παν [pan] : "bread"

Кάπιτ [ka¹pit] : "head"

Πήδ [pε¹d] : "foot"

Кελήςτ [kelε¹st] : "sky"

ø : nominative

ημ [εm] : accusative

ης [εs] : genitive

ην [εn] : dative

ηϰὸμ [εkɔ²m] : comitative

ηπὴρ [εpε²r] : benefactive

ηρ [εr] : causative

ὰλ [a²l] : instructive

ηλ [εl] : locative

ητ [εt] : temporative


VerbsEdit

Conjugation of verbs follow a agglutination principle. Knowing this table return to know all the nativian conjugation :

Verb root Tense Mood Gender Person Number

ø- : "be"

ͱαβερ- [haber] : "have"

αῠδ- [awd] : "hear"

ῠιδέ- [wide¹] : "see"

...

ø : present

άτ [a¹t] : past

ίτ [i¹t] : future

ώ [o¹] : aorist

ø : objective

ῐ [j] : subjective

ο [ɔ] : natural

ε [e] : masculine

α [a] : feminine

αε [ae] : neuter

ø / μ [m] : 1st

ς [s] : 2nd

ςτ [st] : 3rd

ø : quantial

βις [bis] : dual

βα [ba] : partial

ὶς [i²s] : plural

ῑ [i:] : general

Here is the integer nativian conjugation table

The verb takes the gender, the person and the number of the nominative.

ςῡμ [su:m] "to be", is the only verb not having a root. It is only composed of its ending.

To conjugate others verbs, ͱαβερῡμ [haberu:m] "to have" for example, we have just to delete the termination -ῡμ [u:m], infinitive brand for all verbs, to extract its root :  ͱαβερ- [haber] " have" , and add ςῡμ [su:m] at the desired conjugation.

Thanks this conjugation system, a verb can take 480 differents forms, not including any prefixes, learning about aspect, negation, etc...

PronounsEdit

Personal Pro​nounsEdit

Person Gender Case Number

Μ [m] : 1st

Τ [t] : 2nd

Σ [s] : 3rd

ο [ɔ] : natural

ε [e] : masculine

α [a] : feminine

αε [ae] : neuter

ø : nominative

μ [m] : accusative

ς [s] : genitive

ν [n] : dative

ϰὸμ [kɔ²m] : comitative

πὴρ [pε²r] : benefactive

ρ [r] : causative

ὰλ [a²l] : instructive

λ [l] : locative

τ [t] : temporative

ø : quantial

βις [bis] : dual

βα [ba] : partial

ὶς [i²s] : plural

ῑ [i:] : general

We can make 600 forms of pronoun. Nominatives forms are used as possessives pronouns.

Correlative PronounsEdit

Root Gender Case Number

Ϙῠ- [qw-] : interrogative

Ιλ- [il-] : existential

Ͱοϰ- [hɔk-] : proximal

Δῐηζ- [djεz-] : demonstrative

Αλῐ- [ali-] : relative

Αλτ- [alt-] : alternative

Ϙῠωτῐ- [qwotj-] : selective

Νιλῐ- [nilj-] : negative

Ωμνῐ- [omnj] : collective

ο [ɔ] : natural

ε [e] : masculine

α [a] : feminine

αε [ae] : neuter

ø : nominative

μ [m] : accusative

ς [s] : genitive

ν [n] : dative

ϰὸμ [kɔ²m] : comitative

πὴρ [pε²r] : benefactive

ρ [r] : causative

ὰλ [a²l] : instructive

λ [l] : locative

τ [t] : temporative

ø : quantial

βις [bis] : dual

βα [ba] : partial

ὶς [i²s] : plural

ῑ [i:] : general

Here is a list of common correlatives

Syntax Edit

In a nativian sentence, only noums are capitalized. If a word is composed of two noums, each noumw are capitalized :

ΜαεΠάτηρ [mae'pa¹tɛr] "My(ns.) Father"




Words are separated by the mid-point (·), propositions by the comma (˛), and sentences by the low-point (.).

We can consider the mid-point is the 31th nativian phonogram, because it can be pronunced as a gottal stop [Ɂ], especally if the second word start with a vowel :

Ῐοͱάνε·εςτανς [joha¹ne Ɂestans] "John is coming"




Thanks to the declensions system, this of voices is superfluous. Indeed, the function of a word is not determined by its place in the sentence, but by its sharp. The word order does not change the meaning but the connotation of the sentense. It is thus possible free to focus on the words we choose :

Χάτε·Σὸρεμ·εϻεςτ. [kʰa¹te sɔ²rem esʰest] "The cat(m.) eat the mouse(m.)"
Σὸρεμ·Χάτε·εϻεςτ. [sɔ²rem kʰa¹te esʰest] "The mouse(m.) is eated by the cat(m.)"
εϻεςτ·Χάτε·Σὸρεμ. [esʰest kʰa¹te sɔ²rem] "Eat ! The cat(m.) eat the mouse(m.)"






We fair giving any order to our sentence, but in an absolute general case, SOV is the default word order in normal sentenses, VSO in closed-questions. It is recommanded however not to order too chaotic and keep a logical sense in order to not sow his interlocutor.

Lexicon Edit

Fixed NounsEdit

Nativian English
Πάτηρ [pa¹tεr] Father (m.)
Ματὴρ [matε²r] Mother (f.)
Φράτηρ [fra¹tεr] Brother (m.)
Σαςτὴρ [sastε²r] Sister (f.)
Δōμ [dɔ:m] House
Ϝῐα [vja] Way, street
Πώλ [po¹l] City
Αҁῠα [aqwa] Water
Τὴρα [tε²ra] Loam
Кελήςτ [kelε¹st] Sky
Δῐα [dja] Day
Νοϰτ [nɔkt] Night
Σολαρ [sɔlar] Sun
Σελύνα [selu¹na] Moon
Λυμίδῐα [lumidja] Sunday "Day of light"
Кελήςδῐα [kelεsdja] Monday "Day of sky"
Τὴραδῐα [tεradja] Tuesday "Day of earth"
Αςτηρδῐα [astεrdja] Wednesday "Day of luminary"
Βῐωδῐα [bjodja] Thursday "Day of life"
Ͱῡμαδῐα [humadja] Friday "Day of humans"
Ѵλτηρδῐα [ultεrdja] Saturday "Last day"
























Verbs Edit

Nativian English Conjugation example
ςῡμ [su:m] To be, to exist ιτῐαεμὶς [itjaemi²s] : if we(ns.) will be
ͱαβερῡμ [haberu:m] To have, to possess
ῠιδέῡμ [wide¹u:m] To see ῠιδέο [wide¹ɔ] : I(n.) see
αῠδῡμ [audu:m] To hear αῠδῐο [awdjɔ] : I(n.) would hear
ταϰτῡμ [taktu:m] To touch
ωδὸρῡμ [odɔru:m] To smell ωδὸράτε [odɔ²ra¹te] : I(m.) smellt
γυςτῡμ [gustu:m] To fell a taste γυςτάτα [gusta¹ta] : I(f.) felt
ῠενῡμ [wenu:m] To come
ῠαδῡμ [wadu:m] To go ῠαδάτε [wada¹te] : I(m.) went
ϰρεδῡμ [kredu:m] To trust ϰρεδίτε [kredi¹te] : I(m.) will trust
ϰωγῡμ [kogu:m] To reflect, to meditate, to cogitate ϰωγίτο [kogi¹tɔ] : I(n.) will cogitate
μηντῡμ [mεntu:m] To think
ληϰτῡμ [lεktu:m] To read
λύδῡμ [lu¹du:m] To play λύδο [lu¹dɔ] : I(n.) play
λαβὸρῡμ [labɔru:m] To work λαβὸράτας [labɔ²ra¹tas] : you(f.) worked
τράϰτῡμ [tra¹ktu:m] To haul
ςτῡμ [stu:m] To stay ςτάτα [sta¹ta] : I(f.) stayed
μοβῡμ [mobu:m] To move μοβίτεςτ [mobi¹test] : he will move
ῠωϰαβῡμ [wokabu:m] To speak
μυϻῡμ [musʰu:m] To mute
εϻῡμ [esʰu:m] To eat
βιβῡμ [bibu:m] To drink
ϕηρῡμ [fεru:m] To take
εῠχάρῡμ [ewkʰa¹ru:m] To thank
ςαλῠῡμ [salwu:m] To salute ςαλῠε [salwe] : "hello !"




























Numbers Edit

Nativian English
νιλ- [nil-] zero
υν- [un-] one
δῠ- [dw-] two
τηρτ- [tεrt-] three
ҁῠαρδ- [qward-] four
πηντ- [pεnt-] five
ςηξ- [sεks-] six
ςηπτ- [sεpt-] seven
οϰτ- [ɔkt-] eight
νονϝ- [nɔnv-] nine
δεϰ- [dek-] ten

Example text Edit

Try to translate the following texts :

Lord's Prayer Edit

ΜαεῑΠάτηρ·Кελήςτηλ·εςανς˛

ΤεΝόμημ·ςανϰτίφῐαεμῑ˛

ΤεΡέγ·αδῠενῐοςτ˛

ΤεѴολ·Τηλύραλ·ςιϰυτ·Кελήςτηλ·ῐοςτ˛

ΜαεῑΠάνημ·ϘῠωτιΔῐαμ·Μαενῑ·ͰοϰΔῐατ·δόνῐες˛

ΜαεῑКυλπάμὶς·αβςολϝῐες˛

ςιϰυτ·ΑλτήρῑКυλπάμὶς·αβςολϝαεμῑ˛

ετ·Μαεμῑ·Τηντατιόνην·νεινδύϰῐες˛

ςηδ·Μαεϻῑ·Μαλύςην·λιβήρτῐες˛

ναμ·Ρέγημ·ϰαῐ·Ποτημ·ϰαῐ·Γλώριαμ·ͱαβερες.

maei:'pa¹tɛr kelɛ¹stɛl Ɂesans

te'nɔ¹mɛm sankti¹fjaemi:

te're¹g Ɂad'wenjɔst

te'wɔl tɛlu¹ral sikut kelɛ¹stɛl Ɂjɔst

maei:'pa¹nɛm qwoti'djam maeni: hɔk'djat dɔ¹njes

maei:'kulpa¹mi²s Ɂab'sɔlvjes

sikut Ɂaltɛ¹ri:'kulpa¹mi²s Ɂab'sɔlvaemi:

Ɂet maemi: tɛntatjɔ¹nɛn neindu¹kjes

sεd maemi: malu¹sɛn libɛ¹rtjes

nam re¹gɛm kaj pɔtɛm kaj glo¹rjam haberes

Quote from Papinius StatiusEdit

¿ Ϙῠορ·Τε·Μωρίτεὰνς·Ͱωῡμεμ

ͰωῡμαѴλύλϰὸμ·Τέρηϕαϰτεςτ ?

qwɔr te mori¹teans hou:mem

hou:ma'ulu¹lkɔ²m terε'faktest


MutimediaEdit

To insert nativograms on the screen of a computer, we use an Input Method Editor, which allows to insert characters by their phonograms pronounciation.

This is the nativian keyboard disposition :

@ 1 ´ 2 ` 3 ˇ 4 ˆ 5 ˘  6 ˉ 7 8 9 0 Ϗ ϗ ¿ ?
Tab Ϙ Ѵ Ε Ρ Τ ϒ Θ Ι Ο Π < [ > ]
CpsLk Α Σ Δ Φ Γ Η Ξ К Λ Ϻ . ˛
Shift Ζ Χ Ψ Ω Β Ν Μ Ϝ Ͱ Ͳ Shift
Ctrl Win Alt Alt Win Opt Ctrl

Here is an English-Nativian translator on LingoJam (in construction)

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